Learning About Learning Disabilities

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Articles

  1. Types of Learning Disorders and Their Signs
  2. What is a Learning Disability?
  3. 5 Most Common Learning Disabilities – Masters in Special Education Degree Program Guide

Types of Learning Disorders and Their Signs

Problems may include illegible handwriting, inconsistent spacing, poor spatial planning on paper, poor spelling, and difficulty composing writing as well as thinking and writing at the same time. Learn more about Dysgraphia. A specific learning disability that affects reading and related language-based processing skills. The severity can differ in each individual but can affect reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling, and sometimes speech and can exist along with other related disorders. Dyslexia is sometimes referred to as a Language-Based Learning Disability.

Learn more about Dyslexia. A specific type of Auditory Processing Disorder APD in which there is difficulty attaching meaning to sound groups that form words, sentences and stories. Learn more about Language Processing Disorder. A disorder which is usually characterized by a significant discrepancy between higher verbal skills and weaker motor, visual-spatial and social skills.

Typically, an individual with NLD or NVLD has trouble interpreting nonverbal cues like facial expressions or body language, and may have poor coordination. Learn more about Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities. A disorder that affects the understanding of information that a person sees, or the ability to draw or copy.

A disorder that includes difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior and hyperactivity. Although ADHD is not considered a learning disability, research indicates that from percent of children with ADHD also have a specific learning disability, and that the two conditions can interact to make learning extremely challenging.

Learn more about ADHD. A disorder that is characterized by difficulty in muscle control, which causes problems with movement and coordination, language and speech, and can affect learning. Although not a learning disability, dyspraxia often exists along with dyslexia, dyscalculia or ADHD. Learn more about Dyspraxia. An inefficiency in the cognitive management systems of the brain that affects a variety of neuropsychological processes such as planning, organization, strategizing, paying attention to and remembering details, and managing time and space.

Although not a learning disability, different patterns of weakness in executive functioning are almost always seen in the learning profiles of individuals who have specific learning disabilities or ADHD. Learn more about Executive Functioning. Three types of memory are important to learning. Working memory, short-term memory and long-term memory are used in the processing of both verbal and non-verbal information.

If there are deficits in any or all of these types of memory, the ability to store and retrieve information required to carry out tasks can be impaired. Learn more about Memory. Site Search. Parents Educators Adults Professionals. Keep in mind that finding someone who can help may take some time and effort. Even experts mix up learning disabilities with ADHD and other behavioral problems sometimes. You may have to look around a bit or try more than one professional.


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Leave that to the professionals. Focus instead on steps you can take to support your child and address their symptoms in practical ways.


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Diagnosing a learning disability is a process. It involves testing, history taking, and observation by a trained specialist. Finding a reputable referral is important. Sometimes several professionals coordinate services as a team to obtain an accurate diagnosis. Recommendations can then be made for special education services or speech-language therapy within the school system. A nonpublic school that specializes in treating learning disabilities might be a good alternative if the public school is not working out.

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What is a Learning Disability?

Integration refers to the understanding of information that has been delivered to the brain, and it includes three steps: sequencing, which means putting information in the right order; abstraction, which is making sense of the information; and organization, which refers to the brains ability to use the information to form complete thoughts. Each of the three steps is important and your child may have a weakness in one area or another that causes learning difficulty. For example, in math, sequencing the ability to put things in order is important for learning to count or do multiplication as well as learn the alphabet or the months of the year.

Similarly, abstraction and organization are important parts of numerous educational skills and abilities. Turning to specialists who can pinpoint and diagnose the problem is, of course, important. Find out how the disability affects the learning process and what cognitive skills are involved.

Research treatments, services, and new theories. Along with knowing about the type of learning disability your child has, educate yourself about the most effective treatment options available. This can help you advocate for your child at school and pursue treatment at home. Pursue treatment and services at home. Even though children with learning disabilities struggle in one area of learning, they may excel in another.

5 Most Common Learning Disabilities – Masters in Special Education Degree Program Guide

Helping children with learning disorders develop their passions and strengths will probably help them with the areas of difficulty as well. Learning disabilities can be extremely frustrating for children. Imagine having trouble with a skill all of your friends are tackling with ease, worrying about embarrassing yourself in front of the class, or struggling to express yourself.

Kids with learning disabilities may have trouble expressing their feelings, calming themselves down, and reading nonverbal cues from others. This can lead to difficulty in the classroom and with their peers.

Key points

The good news is that, as a parent, you can have a huge impact in these areas. Social and emotional skills are the most consistent indicators of success for all children—and that includes kids with learning disorders.

How to Identify Giftedness in an ADHD Child With Learning Difficulties

They outweigh everything else, including academic skills, in predicting lifelong achievement and happiness. You can counter these things by creating a strong support system for children with learning disabilities and helping them learn to express themselves, deal with frustration, and work through challenges. All children can be both exhilarating and exhausting, but it may seem that your child with a learning disability is especially so. After you learn what their specific learning disability is and how it is affecting their behavior, you will be able to start addressing the challenges in school and at home.

If you can, be sure to reach out to other parents who are addressing similar challenges as they can be great sources of knowledge and emotional support. LD Basics — Includes common warning signs and symptoms, how to respond, and tips for getting help early. LD Online. Types of Learning Disabilities — Overview of the types of learning disabilities and links to a more in-depth articles. Learning Disabilities Association of America. Dyslexia Basics — Overview of dyslexia, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available. International Dyslexia Foundation. Understanding Dysgraphia — Learn what causes it and which instructional activities can help.

Auditory Processing Disorder — How to detect, diagnose, and help a child. Nonverbal Learning Disorders — Overview of this often-neglected learning disability. Authors: Gina Kemp, M. Last updated: June Problems pronouncing words Trouble finding the right word Difficulty rhyming Trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes, days of the week.

Difficulty following directions or learning routines Difficulty controlling crayons, pencils, and scissors, or coloring within the lines Trouble with buttons, zippers, snaps, learning to tie shoes. Trouble learning the connection between letters and sounds Unable to blend sounds to make words Confuses basic words when reading Slow to learn new skills. Consistently misspells words and makes frequent errors Trouble learning basic math concepts Difficulty telling time and remembering sequences. Difficulty with reading comprehension or math skills Trouble with open-ended test questions and word problems Dislikes reading and writing; avoids reading aloud Poor handwriting.

Poor organizational skills bedroom, homework, desk is messy and disorganized Trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud Spells the same word differently in a single document. Paying attention to developmental milestones can help you identify learning disorders Paying attention to normal developmental milestones for toddlers and preschoolers is very important. How does understanding the brain help a learning disorder?

Other resources. LD Online Types of Learning Disabilities — Overview of the types of learning disabilities and links to a more in-depth articles. Learning Disabilities Association of America Dyslexia Basics — Overview of dyslexia, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available. International Dyslexia Foundation Understanding Dysgraphia — Learn what causes it and which instructional activities can help. Pin Share