Orchids for the South: Growing Indoors and Outdoors
These orchid types can live in nearly any room in the home as long as the temperature is moderate and the light exposure is sufficient. In general, these orchids prefer the same temperatures that you do inside, so there is no need to adjust temperature specifically for the orchid. If you keep the home cooler in the night and warmer during the day, that is particularly ideal: When temperature drops by about 10 degrees at night and then rises during the day, it encourages flowering.
Orchids grow best near a window, particularly near a south- or west-facing one that gets regular but not constant sun. If the orchids are in direct sunlight, the light should be filtered through a thin curtain.
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Garden orchids such as the Bletilla striata, commonly called Chinese ground orchid, which grows in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9, prefer a shadier environment than their indoor counterparts do. Garden orchids are often exposed to direct rather than indirect light like that which is filtered through a window indoors, so the amount of that light should be fairly limited.
Orchids in the garden, called terrestrial orchids, should generally be in a shady or mainly shaded area and prefer a well-drained soil. Colder regions require heavy mulching in winter. Overwatering should be avoided, just as it should with indoor orchids. Garden orchids prefer moderate temperatures; they bloom in the spring and lay dormant over the winter in temperatures that don't dip below freezing levels.
Wild orchids, such as the Cypripedium varieties, can thrive in a very wide range of environments.
According to the U. Forest Service, Cypripediums are most frequently found in open mixed conifer forests or in mixed conifer-hardwood forests; however, they also have been seen at forest openings, within shrubby thickets and in open meadows. Some wild orchids prefer moist soil, while others prefer dry. Wild orchids can be found in elevations ranging from feet to feet. Orchids grown in a greenhouse prefer a humid, carefully controlled environment. According to the American Orchid Society, an ideal greenhouse environment for orchids is a building positioned for maximum light: a free-standing greenhouse positioned on a north-south axis so that the sun will cover every portion of the area as it moves each day.
Heating systems are needed for greenhouses in areas where the outside temperatures go below 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Cooling systems are generally not required unless the climate is extremely hot. Not all the orchid varieties are self-pollinated, but some are cross-pollinating plants and may vary depending on its growing conditions.
Pruning is done to improve the plant health and increase the yield. To prune orchids leaves, stems and flower buds make use of gardening tools such as shears or cutters. Repotting means placing a potted plant into a small or large pot according to the size of the root system. To re-pot, an orchid plant, determine whether it is time to repot orchid after it finishes flowering.
Fertilize orchids when they mature or starts blooming once in every month with a weak solution of balanced plant fertilizer. Prefer N-P-K fertilizer that contains equal amounts in the ratio of The fertilizer should be diluted by adding equal amounts of water before applying it to the orchid plant. Phosphorus content in the liquid fertilizer is responsible for the development of flowering and fruiting.
You can also fertilize the orchid plant with Epsom salt , organic compost, manure and Coffee grounds. Gardeners grow orchids for their fragrant multicolor flowers. Each orchid variety may differ from flower size, shape, color and blooming time. They just need consistent moisture and high humidity levels, making them a suitable potted plant in any location.
To harvest orchids, select 1 orchid flower that is days old. Immediately place the flower in a glass of water added with a floral preservative solution. Orchids grow well in the USDA regions ranging from If you have any 1 orchid plant variety, you can easily propagate them from stem cuttings to grow orchids with same characteristics as that of a parent plant. Here we discussed 2 methods i. To grow orchids from cuttings in soil, cut a stem of your orchid at least 12 inches long near the base of the parent plant using sharp knife or scissors.
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Take out the stem and place it in a tray containing damp soil covered with plastic wrap in an indirect location of at least 60F. When the roots sprout from the buds, place 1 in each container by covering the roots and stems with a good potting mix soil. Now keep the pot or container in a bright indirect location so as to receive minimum light or maintain a room temperature between F for the plant to thrive. Water orchid plants until it drains completely from the bottom drainage holes of the container. Fertilize the plant once in every 3 weeks in spring or mid-fall season.go
How to Grow Orchids Indoors | Better Homes & Gardens
Orchid flowers may bloom once or twice in a year. Orchids that grow in water are called as hydroponic orchids. This method is quite easy and appreciated when you start growing in your home. It also looks amazing and brings beauty to your home. Here is the simple procedure you can learn how to grow orchids in water. Some orchid varieties are terrestrial and some are epiphytic. Each variety has its own requirements and mostly the hydroponic orchid grows in a very little soil and grabs moisture levels from the atmosphere.
What Environment Do Orchids Like?
For this, place the orchid cuttings in a glass of water and change the water in glass weekly. Provide the plant with proper sunlight and make sure you remove the old and dead tissues from the root moss before planting in water to avoid bacterial infections. Within 2 weeks the roots sprouts and you can transplant it to outdoors for better growth.
Orchid is a flowering plant that spreads widely in the family of Orchidaceae.
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The flower blooms are very colorful and fragrant. These popular houseplants remain green and healthy-looking year around like perennial flowers and bulbs in your outdoor garden. They just need little care to grow under right growing conditions. For this, you need a light absorbent medium coconut husk that makes the orchid roots stay healthy and aerated.
This method is best suited for outdoors when planted orchids in potting mix soil provided by sufficient water and sunlight to thrive quickly. In hot climatic conditions especially during summer seasons , when you forgot to water an orchid plant it begins to shrive. You can water the orchid with ice cubes per week.
Sunlight is the key factor for growing healthy orchids. If you provide direct sunlight, may cause the plants to burn and too little light prevents from flowering. So the best place to plant orchids is the window location. By placing the plant near window location, gets bright indirect sunlight that is sufficient for the plant to bloom flowers. Every year orchids will produce 1 or 2 new leaves. Once it completes the growth stage, the stem starts blooming flowers. The flower bud emerges from the stem beneath the 2 nd or 3 rd leaf from the top. After it finishes blooming flowers, cut off the shoots or stems that produce blossoms.
It is done because in the process of an orchid flower blooming, takes energy from the plant itself. Companion planting is an organic way of maintaining a natural balance in your garden.
Bromeliads, Guzmania, pitcher plants, Hoya Plant , Epiphyllum, Tillandsia, Anthuriums Alocasias, Philodendrons, and rhododendrons the good companion plants for orchid varieties. Planting these plants together with orchids helps for controlling pests, pollination and increases the crop productivity. Water orchid plant varieties such as miltonias, paphiopedilums, and phragmipediums once a week during winter and twice during warm-dry conditions. The size of the orchid container also helps to determine how often you need to water orchids despite climatic conditions.
For a 6-inch pot, you need to water for every 7 days and days for a 4-inch pot. Of all the orchid varieties, phalaenopsis will rebloom in home growing conditions. For this, you need to cut between the scars left by the first flower and last node on the stem. Now the lower nodes of the orchid plant begin to develop and produce flowers within weeks.
It greatly depends upon the variety of orchids as well as the care that flower blooms receive. When you provide right growing conditions the plant may reach a height of 7 feet tall and flowers bearing 6 inches in diameter.