Les alliances sont-elles dépassées ? (Académique) (French Edition)

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Harrisse, Bibl. Reprint of the Italian version of the letter to Ferdinand and Isabella, written from Jamaica, July 7, , ed. Paris, De l'Imprimerie Royale, Se distinguent : les Pavillons, les Guidons et triangles et les Flammes. Bel exemplaire. Day signals treaty for the use of the French fleet published in , after the fall of the empire. The work presents the flags and signals used for combat and naval battles.

It refers to the signals developed in Du Pavillon's work Signaux de jour, and also refers to the book of signals published by the Count de Missiessy It gives: Pavilions, Handlebars and triangles and Flames. These signs are used to develop 3 types of signals, namely : 1 Wind areas a triangle and a pavilion , 2 Building numbers and numeric signals a flame and a flag.

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Fine fresh copy. Nantes, de l'imprimerie de Brun, seul imprimeur-libraire ordinaire du Roi et de la Marine, Publisher paper cover. Rare edition printed in Nantes of these ordinances that reorganized the French Royal Navy after the end of the war of independence this American. Many French Navy officers had also called for a reform. These ordinances reconsider almost every aspect of marine life. Official publication containing 14 ordinances and 11 regulations and 18 tables and models of documents, including 3 folded.

Edition published in Nantes the same year as the original of Paris. Paris, Veuve Etienne Chardon, First edition of this charming calendar where one can find, for the centuries of , the planetary hours, the cycles of the moon, a perpetual table of the solar cycle Fine copy. Dublin, E. Tute, Scarce small popular edition printed in Dublin, giving the accounts of the loss of the Alceste and the Medusa at sea, two famous English and French tragic shipwrecks, that had a major impact on the public.

Quebec, William Cowan et fils, Half chagrin binding. Nice edition giving the first voyages of discovery in Canada in the sixteenth century, including those of Jacques Cartier, Jean Alphonse de Xantoigne and Jean-Francois Roberval. Published by the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec, the country's leading scholarly society. The story of Cartier's third voyage is taken from Hakluyt's collection of travels, travels and discoveries in The two folding maps are reprints of the Champlain edition.

Drawn aboard the ship] Gonzales fut officier sur la Descurbierta pendant au moins six ans. Liste des cartes : 1. San Bernardino Strait Philippin. Prespectivas de varias yslas del archypielago de Fylypynas sytuadas en el estrecho de San Bernardino sacadas a bordo de la corbeta de S. Gaspar island Indones. Vista de la isla de Gaspar demorando al 1. Ysla de Arbol en el estrecho de Gaspar, al 1.

Corveta Descubierta, ano de Gaspar or Macclesfield Strait Indonesia. Vista de la boca meridional del Estrecho de Gaspar o Macclesfield en el mar de China. Pan de azucar punto mas S. Punta de la entrada , al N. Punta de Roza, al N. Ysla del Medio. Pulo avr. Distancia de 4 a 5 leguas. Tiempo calmoso. B The Sunda Strait Indonia. Corveta descubierta ano de Punta del Peligro. Isla del Norte. GG costa baxa de Sumatra. Pulo Pisang Malasia. Isla de Santa Maria. Atacames Ecuador. Puerto de Tacamez. Plano de la rada del Callao situada en la costa occidental del mar Pacifico. Plano del Puerto de Coquimbo Chili.


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Plano de la Bahia de Concepcion de Chile. Valdivia Port, Chili. Mocha Island Chili. Ysla de la Mocha. Colliumo en la costa Occidental de la America Meridional. Iceberg Patagonia. Altura de A a pies, distancia de B a C pies. Saint Helena, South Atlantic Ocean. Vista de la Ysla de Sta. Bound in a contemporary album. A large set of manuscript maps and coast views drawn by Antonio Gonzales aboard the famous Spanish exploration ship Descurbierta Discovery during exploration journeys from to The corvette Descurbierta is famous for being one of the two ships with the Atrevida of the Malaspina's expedition , and , the most important voyage of discovery dispatched by Spain in the 18th century.

Alessandro Malaspina , under a Spanish royal commission, undertook his voyage around the world to increase geographic and scientific knowledge in general: inspired by Cooks and La Perouses voyages, Malaspinas expedition counted numerous scientists aboard, and was conducted in a highly scientific manner. The second purpose of the expedition was to check on the status of Spain's vast empire, especially along the west coast of North America, where the Russians and the British were expanding their influence. After this great expedition, the Descurbierta stayed in service as a scientific ship up to The 22 guns corvette was stationed in Monte Video from to and Callao Lima from to In , she went back to Cadiz in for repairing.

From to , she was again based in South America to help General Morillo and Laborde expeditions against insurgents in Colombia and Venezuela. Back to Cadiz in , the Corvette was dropped out of service in The present collection of 18 original drawings was made by Officer Antonio Gonzales aboard of the Descubierta from to , during different campaigns.

The first plate is dated from , and is one of the most striking leaves of the set. It is dedicated to Patagonia recto-verso , with many views and coastal profiles and an amazing representation of an Iceberg observed by lat. Then they cross the Pacific to arrive in Gulf of California, and going north, we find important maps of Chili and Peru including a beautiful map of Conception: Plano de la Bahia de Concepcion de Chile. The last chart depicts Saint Helena. The quality of the charts is very nice, they are both accurate, richly captioned, and aesthetically realized.

Gonzales was stationed at the corvette for at least 6 years. His personal file is at the Spanish navy central archives. Those maps and views are totally unknown and there is no recorded publication for the details of these campaigns, a continuation of Malaspina expedition round the world. It proves that the Spanish continued their scientific and cartographic exploration with the Descurbierta.

The quality of the manuscript is great, giving lot of local details of the coasts visited. Le poste de Nam-Dinh dans le delta du fleuve rouge. France, Tunisie, Tonkin Avec envoi de l'auteur. Lalbum comporte un total de dessins, certains recto-versos, de dimensions variables max : x mm. Il sagit de J. With drawings, ink and watercolors of various sizes. Remarkable collection of drawings and watercolors mainly devoted to Tonkin at the beginning of the French presence, from a military doctor at the post of Nam-Dihn. The Tonkin Expedition was destined to continue the colonial expansion in Southeast Asia and to put an end to the Chinese attacks, with the dream of competing with the British Empire.

It started in , reacting to the hostilities maintained by the Chinese and their allies and ended in by the convention of Tien-Tsin, in witch China recognizes the French conquests. French Indochina, officially named "Indochinese Union" then "Indochinese Federation", was founded in It regroups, until its disappearance in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, as well as a portion of territory Chinese located in present-day Guangdong Province. The album includes a total of drawings, some recto-verses, of varying dimensions max: x mm.

Most are captioned by a date and a place, between to This is J. Morand, doctor at the post ambulance of Nam-Dinh during this period, author of "The post of Nam-Dinh in the delta of the red river" Paris, Rozier, , of which a copy with dedication autograph is joint to the album. These drawings, nicely executed, testify to the life and campaigns of a health officer since his formation. They are arranged, apart from a few, in a chronological order, as the owner travels.

The first 30 represent landscapes of France and various family scenes, dated from to , half are in color. The following 32 drawings are devoted to North Africa: In , the author accompanies the expedition of conquest of Tunisia: Monastir, The ambulance of Sfax, the desert and its inhabitants, the coast, boats The album is then divided into parts delimited by a drawing with several paintings and titled in red: I.

Morand will live there during 36 months. It is during these years that the author of the drawings is the most productive, a few military events, but almost portraying with rigor and care what he discovers, the inhabitants, the landscapes, the architecture etc. Some, of a different style, may be from another hand. It includes a series of portrait of the inhabitants particularly nice. He left Saigon definitively on May 14, Following : 8 drawings of Indochina from to , including an ink representing the Ambulance of Namh Dinh and a caricature of Dr.

Morand in his military uniform. The album ends with a series of pencil sketches made in during his training.


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  6. Par le R. Diagrams and drawings. He has also left a considerable scientific work in the form of manuscripts which are mostly preserved in the Library of Caen, the latter remain unpublished and the present manuscript is one of the rare evidence of his scientific work. This volume contains his entire course in geography and hydrography, with many chapters on land and marine cartography, considerations of the climates of different regions of the world, tides, mathematical questions relating to navigation and ship design The work is illustated by many diagrams and drawings made with ink along the text.

    Calligraphic text with cursive writing in red ink, black and gold in a frame of double red nets, frontispiece on double p. Binding and paper make it possible to date this manuscript of the second half of the eighteenth century. The cursive calligraphy used by the script is very neat and finely executed, with three inks: black, red and gold, the last shade having turned green with time. The book is divided into six chapters, of 15, 21 and 23 lines, on the virtue of the prayer on the Prophet Mohammad.

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    The titles of each chapter are written in red ink or gold, followed by the "Bismillah" sentence placed at the beginning of the suras of the Koran, meaning "In the name of God" in a larger calligraphy. The manuscript begins with the last four suras of the Qur'an, the Amsa al-Hsnat, followed by an introduction and a prayer. A superb frontispiece on double page adorns pages 5 and 6, executed in black ink on a red background in polychrome frames. The one on the right, decorated with five arches in the margins, gives the name of Allah, the Prophet and his four caliphs; the one on the left indicates the name of the manuscript and its author "Abi Abdallah Hashim ibn Abdulaziz al-Mohammadi al-Shafei".

    The first colophon, giving the end of the first chapter, is calligraphed in red ink in a banner. The other three colophons, executed in a serrated triangle, announce the end of each chapter and repeat the name of the author. The text ends with the poem "Qasida", to the glory of the Prophet. The analysis of the document and the use of the term "Shafei" suggests that its author was probably one of the imams of the school of jurisprudence of Sunni Islam "Shafiism", one of four schools madhhab of jurisprudence of Sunni Islam, based on the teaching of Imam Al-Shafii and his followers.

    Paris, de Beaurain Geographe du Roy, Beautiful composite atlas, nicely bound, composed of a manuscript title, 35 maps, 65 plans, 31 views and 52 engraved sheets of text, mostly on double page, mounted 17 fold.

    Nicolas de Fer was a very prolific French cartographer, active from the early s until his death in The Atlas is devoted to France, Italy and the Netherlands. It contains maps or views of de Fer, 15 by Jean Baptiste Nolin French engraver and publisher or his son of the same name. A complete and authentic detail of the several debates in the House of Commons, on the East-India Bill, on Thursday the 27th of November, on Monday the 1st of December, and on Monday, the 8 th of December. Together with authentic copies of the two East-India Bills [ London, J.

    Stockdale, Rare complete set of debates held in the House of Commons and the Lords from November to March about this company. At the time, the British have lost part of their North American colonies, so the activity of the "East" India Company " becomes an increased strategic stake for the empire's trade. These volumes contain important information on the business of this company, its accounts, its volume of business The former owner of the copy mentions in addition inscription in ink on cover page of the flight 1 the style remarkable of the British eloquence of the speakers of the room of which he names some names: "Fox, Whitbread, Kenyon, Pitt, Jenkinson, Mansfield, Grenville Fine copy, fresh, preserved in its original binding.

    A la Compagnie des Indes Occidentales, par leurs Edicts du 9. Iuin Paris, Jean Anthoine Joallin, Modern marbled boards. First edition in French of this charter of the Dutch West India Company: trading and colonizing company, chartered by the States-General of the Dutch republic in and organized in By the terms of the charter no citizen of the Netherlands could trade with any point on the African coast between the Tropic of Cancer and the Cape of Good Hope or on the American coast between Newfoundland and the Straits of Magellan without the companys permission [see p.

    The company was responsible to the States-General in larger matters, such as declaring war, but otherwise had almost complete administrative and judicial power in its territory. Paris, Laporte, An X Numerous engraved folding plates, some with hand-coloring. Contemporary quarter calf. New edition. New edition of this poket atlas representing all the land of the world, by unknown author, printed in Paris in by Joseph De Laporte. The original edition of this atlas published in is one of the first to recognize the United States as an independent nation.

    With a total of 32 cards including 4 astronomy, this new edition is: "Increased a Map of the French Republic, with an explanation where we designate the province to which each department corresponds. Avec les pays, provinces et citez et les merveilleuses et diverses creatures qui sont dedans Paris, [Lotrian], [circa Selon Murray, c'est le seul exemplaire connu de cet ouvrage de cosmographie. Scarce copy of this popular geographical work consisting of a medieval collection of geography, astronomy and other physical sciences, a text that has circulated in the form of verse and prose since the 13th century.

    The work is attributed to Gautier de Metz, French poet and priest who produced it around , based on the Medieval Latin text "Imago mundi" by Honorius Inclusus. Gautier's poem is one of the many "encyclopedic" medieval works that describe creation, geography and astronomy with factual and imaginary passages. Monsters, treasures and distant lands are evoked in this pseudo-scientific poem, which has been translated into several languages during the Middle Ages, and beautifully illustrated in numerous manuscripts.

    The poem "Mappemonde", attributed to Gautier de Metz, was probably transformed into prose by Maistre Gossouin in This edition reproduces that of due Cailant, but with some additions at the end. A similar copy is present in the collections of the NY public library. Provenance: from the library of Ferdinand Columbus ex-libris, "Colombina Biblioteca" , then from Baron Pichon "bought in " with his ex-libris in red leather on the front, then Charles Fairfax Murray with shelf "" on the back of the cover.

    According to Murray, this is the only known copy of this edition. Ferdinand Columbus , son of the discoverer of the New World, accompanied his father during his fourth voyage to America between After his death, he returned to Spain, then traveled all over Europe and set up a library of more than 15, books. He seems to have had a particular interest for the editions of the Image du Monde. This book, and others such as Imago Mundi by Pierre d'Ailly, inspired his father's first discovery plans. Ferdinand's library was entrusted to the library of St. Paul's Cathedral in Seville.

    During the 16th and 17th centuries the library, like other Renaissance libraries, was neglected. Thus, when the library was inventoried in , its contents had decreased to volumes. The books of the Ferdinand Columbus Library are extremely rare on the market. According to our research, no other volume of the Colombina Biblioteca" has been sold in auction for the last fifty years. Paris, Basset, Logerot, S. Fremin, geographer, engraved by [Ch.

    Pyaroet], published by Logerot, Quai des Augustins. The 3 cards are printed on paper and past on wood, those of France and Europe are adorned with a frame, all are watercolored by hand to distinguish the departments, countries or continents. Nice set , well preserved in its original boxe. Modern cardboard binding. The set is illustrated with 2 folded plates giving 5 maps.

    Paris, Edilux, One of 40 copies on Japan total copies. Rare copy of Japan paper of this sumptuous publication on Yachting, beautifully illustrated with photos and stencil drawings. The chapter headers are adorned with stenciled browsers' pennants watercolor and gouache. The binding is a unique creation: an artist has reproduced with watercolor the decor of the of the publishers cover. Exceptional copy of one of the most beautiful books of the time on the subject. Contemporary blue calf gilt, fat spine gilt, red morocco lettering-piece. Provenance: Ducis Montebello armorial bookplate. Versailles, le 24 avril Brochage d'origine maintenu par un ruban de soie bleu.

    The "Barbary corsairs" of the Mediterranean represented a real scourge for maritime traffic until the 19th century, capturing thousands of ships, attacking coastal towns and supplying slave traffic with captured crews. Although the attacks of the Barbary pirates peaked in the early mid-seventeenth century, they remained in the middle of the 18th century a constant threat to maritime traffic. Thus, the French, Spanish and Italian fleets still regularly carry out retaliation or diplomacy missions to local rulers of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, sponsors or accomplices of privateers of the North African coasts.

    In this memoire, King Louis XV sets the framework for a mission sent to the Pasha of Tripoli in April to stop attacks and looting of French ships. Following the bombing of Tripoli by the French in July against the city of Tripoli, the Treaty of 9 June is supposed to protect French ships from the acts of piracy of Tripolitans. However, for the past three years, the corsairs of Tripoli have engaged in aggression and looting against French ships and crews: "All the French captains who had the misfortune to meet at sea corsairs of Tripoli were exposed to be removed all their effects and provisions which were in the propriety of these corsairs, and to be abused, some even received the bastarding at the risk of their life, and it was not possible to give up the navigation to the violence of the Tripolitans any longer ".

    Despite various diplomatic actions, these acts of piracy have not ceased. King Louis XV therefore decided to send a squadron in front of Tripoli to get Pacha the restoration of the treaty, financial compensation and the punishment of corsairs having been identified. Before the arrival of this fleet, the captain of Revest is sent to deliver to the Pacha the King's courier detailing the damage caused by the corsairs and the requirements of the French sovereign.

    The King requires the Pasha to punish those suffering the same treatment they have done to the French, to have all the French captains compensated for the looting done to them, and to effectively prevent their safety for the future, by adding to the treaty of an article that barely pronounced death against the "Rais" who will dare to plunder or insult a French ship in any way whatsoever ". The king also demands "the heads of the principal culprits, namely of a French renegade named Sicard, who is the author of thieves of the Tripolitans" and he adds to his letter to the Pacha the list of "Rais" to be punished.

    In addition, he sets the amount of the required indemnity at between 5 and 6, sequins. And so that his demands are satisfied, the king specifies that "the captain de Revest will not hide from the Pasha that he must be immediately followed by several vessels of strength designed to support the just pretensions of his majesty SL, Half sheep of the time, paper on board with floral motifs and morocco reinforcements and wooden pegs: homemade binding made on board a ship using available materials, including fragments of nautical charts and handwritten navigation notes.

    Amazing handwritten instruction manual of a French naval officer, made and bound on board a ship at the beginning of the American Revolutionary War, and used and completed during his career. In , the French navy was fully engaged in the North American conflict in which it played a decisive role facing the British fleet. Its power is based on ships and modern artillery and on the quality of the training of its officers and crew. This handbook, an astonishing original document of which we have found no equivalents, brings together the sum of the technical, practical and scientific knowledge that an officer of the "Royale" had to acquire: astronomy, mathematics, tides, cartography, latitude and longitude, use of the compass and navigation instruments Its owner, who indicates on the title his initials and his rank: "Sieur P Also, its appearance and the materials used for its manufacture reveal the work of a sailboat or shoemaker rather than a bookbinder!

    The book is abundantly illustrated with hundreds of drawings and shems, most watercolored, including 22 at full-page, plus 6 folding plates, all perfectly drawn: astronomical diagrams, diagrams, instruments including a superb armillary sphere and 3 maps, including 2 of Brest area and 1 of the Mediterranean. The writing of the set, very legible, is by the same hand and chapter headers are mostly decorated.

    The list of the officer's student names indicates the places of their birth. There are some names of families of sailors known as "La Touche", "Audibert" Precious maritime document of great historical interest, original object unique in its kind in its design and realization. Derniers embarquements. Mai Novembre Jaubert et de ses camarades sur les pontons de Plymouth, et dans la terrible prison de Dartmoor. Bonne orthographe. Style et orthographe corrects.

    Sagit-il du commandant Roger, commandant le Ponton Le Caton? Chomel , avec notes de Louis Garneray, Paris, Nepveu, Nouveaux embarquements. Mai novembre Original Velum binding. A precious personal "logbook" of a Marseilles sailor covering a period of forty years, recounting his successive embarkations to the trade and in the "Royale", from until his capture on November 3, , his detention on the pontoons and at the Dartmoor Prison until May 27, , and his last embarkations from June to November 5, document of considerable value for the knowledge of the maritime environment of the end of the 18th century, the heavy traffic in the Mediterranean and beyond, with first-hand accounts of the battles of Aboukir and Trafalgar and the lives of French sailors trapped on British pontoons.

    The manuscript includes: Part One: From the first embarkation to Trafalgar ; Part two: Captivity on the pontoons and at Dartmoor ; Third part: freedom refound. Latest boarding. May November First part: from the first embarkation to Trafalgar : it includes 31 embarkations, with a text indicating, for each ship, the detailed account of the navigation and a watercolor representing it. These navigations "to trade", all in the Mediterranean, except two in the Antilles, become from the 18th embarkation squadron sailing in the service of the King, the Republic, then the Emperor, whose first, after a fight against the English, ends with desertion and imprisonment.

    The reading of this picturesque and poignant document leaves the impression of a whole life devoted to action: Scarcely arrived and despite all the vicissitudes, Jaubert immediately seeks another ship, as if the ground burns his feet; attitude that is not unlike that of the illustrious Duguay Trouin.

    The adventures experienced by Jaubert are innumerable: he finds himself a stowaway on an Italian brigantine; led the Pasha of Constantinople to Crete, the Grand Vizier of Crete to Constantinople, and Greek women from island to island; brings from Algiers to Marseille French slaves captured in Corfu; Loads of Calamata figs, oranges, butter, cheese and wax cattle Skyros? This first part, hectic, ends in , after the 38th navigation, by incarceration "handcuffs and chain neck" Fort Saint-Nicolas of Marseille, then Toulon. It is illustrated with 31 watercolors, representing with remarkable precision the hulls and rigging of tartanes, boats, brigs, corvettes, bombards, chebecks, seneaux, vessels, brigantines, polacres, boulichous, frigates, schooners, etc It is therefore possible that Degun, talented watercolorist, detained himself on the Ganges, drew the ships that his companion of misfortune described him from preserved notes of his navigations.

    The quality of these watercolors is close to the work of the portraitists of ships like "Roux" of Marseille. The variety of ships of all origins on which Jaubert resides constitutes a remarkable source of information on maritime traffic of the time in the Mediterranean, and actors: French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, Arab Jaubert also relates his enlistment on several ships of the "Royal", including the ship Scipio which participates in the Battle of Aboukir in figure the list of French squadron ships.

    After various embarkations to trade, our sailor will join the French Navy in Jaubert is named gabier of hune on the ship The Formidable, armed with 80 guns, which leaves for Gibraltar to the Antilles, in the squadron of Admiral Villeneuve. His account relates various adventures of sea and gives the detail of the victorious military operations of the Admiral against the English in Martinique, then in Guadeloupe, as well as made catches.

    On the return from Guadeloupe, off the Azores, the ship "takes an English marching ship, a a corsair ditto with a catch of a Spanish merchant ship coming from India loaded with dry goods of the 'Indies and of eight million silver coins we took in tow and the same evening we burn the merchant ship taken English and the privateer who had made the Spanish catch End of June After taking part in the Cape Finisterre naval battle of July 22, , the Formidable October 20 leaves Cadiz and participates in the battle of Trafalgar October 21, which he manages to escape, despite many damage.

    The story of the Battle of Trafalgar is extremely rich and provides details of both the course of action and the reasons for the success of the English fleet. It ends with the following remark: "I will not forget to tell you that before starting the last fight, General Dumanoir told us:" let's go and fight my children I will take you to a place where you will be well rested.

    He was very right because I am in prison in my 9th year without knowing when I will come out. Thus, on the 3rd of November, Jaubert and all the crew of the Formidable were taken prisoner by the English, and conducted on the pontoon "The Generous" at Plymouth. Following are the detailed tables of the French, Spanish and English fleets with their armament. In addition, an ink wash titled "The Formidable taken by the ship Namur November 4, " illustrates the story of the battle.

    This first part is of a playful style, popular, and without orthographic concern. It is obviously from Jaubert's hand. Part 2: Captivity on the pontoons and Dartmoor The stories that follow relate to the conditions of J. Jaubert and his comrades on the Plymouth Pontoons and in the terrible Dartmoor Prison. They are illustrated with 3 gouaches representing, first, the three pontoons where Jean Jaubert was a prisoner "The pontoon the generous Captain Lanyon Remained 9 months The pontoon the hector captain The thorn remained 65 months The pontoon the ganges captain the red remained for 27 months " , the second" the Neptune pontoon [The Neptune], Captain Lorence, ", and the last the" Dartmoor prison of war the 25 of May "or, at the foot of the page" the prison of French dartimor guarded by the commander Kotgrave ".

    The style and the spelling being more chastised, it is probable that a companion assisted Jaubert in his writing. November 16, " , sometimes is the spokesperson of all the prisoners of the pontoons, in a classic style, and even literary, with an excellent spelling 2, 4, 5. He goes so far as to compose a poem on the extreme harshness of the conditions of detention 3 , and write a play rather a skit narrating the arrival of the English Roger perhaps the commander of the pontoon " The Cato " in Hell.

    This second part constitutes a precious sum of information on the conditions of detention and the life of the French sailors on the pontoons. There are a number of stories about pontoons, sometimes written in a novelistic way, and for the most part published after , the oldest probably being "Sergeant Flavigny's story, or ten years of my captivity on the English pontoons" by L. Chomel , with notes by Louis Garneray, Paris, Nepveu, However, this journal is to our knowledge the only example of manuscript redirected by a prisoner on the spot: As on every ship, the sailors help each other and participate together in the meager distractions of the edge.

    Jaubert knows how to tell, Degun draws for him; and a more educated fellow-prisoner writes for him when it is necessary to testify, from his own experience, of the general condition of the prisoners of the English pontoons. Third part: refound freedom. New embarkments. May - November These watercolors are distinguished by the absolute accuracy of the design of the rigging.

    None of them are signed. The document ends with the story of a quarantine due to the plague, it is likely that the sailor is succumbing to this epidemic Plague epidemic of , , which extended from the Middle East to the Maghreb. The author, who rightly criticizes the surgeons who contested the epidemic, while the deaths of porter-faix dockers added to those of the sailors, suggests his role during this period: "On the 2nd, eve of St.

    Black card stock, photographs in transparent individual pockets. A collection of 33 original silver prints of the planet Mars taken by American spacecrafts Mariner 6, 7 and 9 between and Mars has attracted the attention of humanity. In Mesopotamia, in China, they go back more than years. With the appearance of the first astronomical glasses, it is the details that we began to distinguish on the surface of the fourth planet of our solar system.

    Astronomers believe they see a world similar to the earth: Ice caps, continents, oceans, changing vegetation with the seasons At the end of the 19th century, the Italian Giovanni Virginio Shiaparelli distinguishes straight lines resembling canals and he mapped them in Continuing his work, the American Percival Lowel , defends the theory of artificial Martian channels. Lowell was convinced of the existence of Martians fighting the drought and desertification of their planet. In the early s, these beliefs are outdated, however the scientific world still considers the possibility of a plant life on the red planet.

    The exploration missions of the American Mariner missions will revolutionize our knowledge of Mars. The Mariner program is a series of NASA missions that aim to send spacecrafts to study the three inner planets of the solar system, the closest from the Earth. Ten spacecrafts, from Mariner 1 to Mariner 10, are launched between and as appropriate to Mars, Venus and Mercury. The present collection includes 5 photographs taken by Mariner 6, 7 by Mariner 7 and 21 by Mariner 9. On July 14 and 15, , Mariner 4 flew over Mars and made the first 22 images of the planet.

    These images put an end to many theories of the time by revealing a more lunar than terrestrial surface, no expanse of water and a weak atmosphere. Launched on February 24, , Mariner 6 is the second mission to reach Mars. She managed to take 75 pictures of Mars during her flyover.

    Mariner 7, launched March 27, , closely followed Mariner 6, by fulfilling the same objectives. Despite technical problems during her trip, the spacecraft even provides more scientific data than her partner. Mariner 9 is launched on May 30, Its mission is to complete the studies and measurements made by the previous couple, while being the first spacecraft to orbit a planet other than Earth, allowing a long study mission. Mariner takes photos of the surface with surprising clarity, resolution reaching 1 kilometer.

    Using her instruments UV, IR, IR radiometer and two cameras , she discovers striking elements of Martian geography such as Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the solar system, and the huge canyon that will be named Valles Marineris, in honor of the success of the mission. She allowed to build the vertical profile of its atmosphere. Mariner 9 also analyzed the two natural satellites of Mars, Phobos and Deimos.

    Our shots of Mariner 6 and 7 include views of the entire planet as well as images of the surface and its many impact craters. The ones of Mariner 9 reveals all of its geography: its mountain ranges, valleys, volcanoes, plains, poles On the back of each shot are printed: the date of the shooting, the name of the spaceship, the distance, the scale and a detailed description of the geographical area. Despite its aridity unveiled by these images, interest in the red planet has only grown for 50 years. To the spaceships in orbit have succeeded the rovers exploring its surface, and now comes the concrete realization the project of a human exploration of Mars.

    Paris, Guillyn, New expanded edition of this reference gastronomic book by Menon. Little is known about the author except that he was a gastronomist scholar and published many highly sought-after works. The author specifies that this guide is for the use of all those involved in house expenses.

    He lists the recipes according to the seasons and the products meat, fish, vegetables etc , the utensils necessary for their preparation as well as all the specific terms in the kitchen. The explanations are detailed and precise, so that any type of reader can follow without difficulty. Among other things, you can learn the recipe for beef tongue, turbot with capers or caramel cream ink.

    Quelques uns portent la signature "Nox", sans doute le pseudonime de l'artiste. Important set of original models of postcards made with watercolor on strong paper. Some bear the signature "Nox", probably the pseudonym of the artist. They mostly represent country landscapes, villages, churches, houses under the snow, lakes, rivers, bridges and sometimes some villagers.

    The collection also includes flowers, cats, and a series on Venice. Rare testimony of this art today disappeared. SL, L.

    Jonathan Moore’s Books – Free Online Books

    De format divers la plupart par mm. Mostly by mm. He then produced an extremely important iconography for the history of Egypt and the whole Middle East. His works became famous because of the tourists who brought home his photos as souvenirs. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :.

    Résumés conférences et workshops

    Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Nous sommes profondement impregnes par l'idee que la modernite reside dans la canalisation des passions par la raison, soit par la prise en compte de normes universelles, soit par la composition d'interets bien compris. Leur resurgence dans les conflits contemporains, avec son cortege d'extremes violences, nous apprend qu'il n'en est rien. A l'heure ou la mondialisation me Nous sommes profondement impregnes par l'idee que la modernite reside dans la canalisation des passions par la raison, soit par la prise en compte de normes universelles, soit par la composition d'interets bien compris.

    A l'heure ou la mondialisation met en question la coherence de l'Etat national, ou les armes, notamment atomiques, changent la nature de la guerre, les conflits interetatiques cedent le pas aux guerres civiles, au terrorisme et a la montee de la violence sociale. Ce dechainement des passions est-il a l'origine des bouleversements actuels, ou en sont-ils la cause? Pour saisir les dynamiques de notre monde complexe et mouvant, il nous faut reprendre a nouveaux frais l'analyse de la guerre et de la paix et, avec elle, toutes nos categories de la philosophie politique.

    Nous comprendrons ainsi quel role jouent les passions, leur circulation, leur interaction, leur equilibre et desequilibre, non seulement dans le declenchement des conflits mais aussi dans leur possible depassement. C'est tout le probleme du politique que de penser la coexistence possible entre citoyens, allies et adversaires a l'interieur d'un ordre global commun. Pierre Hassner est directeur de recherche honoraire au CERI Centre d'etudes et de recherches internationales de Sciences Po , specialiste des relations internationales.

    Ce brillant recueil d'articles, qui conclut une serie commencee avec La Violence et la Paix Esprit, et La Terreur et l'Empire Seuil, , explore la possibilite et les conditions d'une economie politique et d'une ethique des passions. Il est introduit par une longue introduction inedite de l'auteur et se clot sur un entretien entre Pierre Hassner et Joel Roman. Get A Copy. More Details Other Editions 3. Friend Reviews. Avec la participation exceptionnelle de Gabrielle Tuloup, slameuse. Sylvia Alex, Fondation AF. Florence Castel, communication, Fondation AF.

    La banque au niveau national ne nous a pas suivis. Et elle en or, seulement pour rendre raison au dernier des hommes. Dans mon travail, il y a beaucoup de monde. Serge Carraro, directeur AF Monterrey. Un programme culturel intensif. Que ce soit dans nos cours ou dans la relation client.

    Notre public trouve donc une nouvelle motivation pour rester chez nous. Le but est de sortir une compilation tous les deux ans.