La Seguia el Hamra: Contribution à létude de la Préhistoire du Sahara Occidental (French Edition)

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Reptiles in the region include the Sandfish Scincus scincus and the dob Uromastyx. Bou-ali house sparrow. In , after replacing the territories of South by the French Departments of Sahara it became a district in the Saoura Department, of which the prefecture was at Colomb-Bechar.

In it was put on the list of new delegated provinces. The petroglyphs of the region date back to Neolithic times. While less famous than the Tassili rock paintings , they have been studied since Some clues may come from evidence dating from this period, including:. The first Arab settlers in the area were from the Beni Hassan tribe, who built two ksars: Ghar el-Diba and Haresse Lil translated "night watchman".

They migrated to Saguia el-Hamra and Mauritania in the 12th century. Today his house is still known and we watch for travelers". The continuous development and prosperity of the region brought him many enemies, including Ghenanma. A long period of raids caused the Abbabsa to complain against the Ghenanma to the King of Fes. The Abbabsa were in a separate ksar and asked Mohamed Ben-Abdeslam to settle with them for Koranic education. He accepted, on the condition that they build a new well fortified ksar in the palm grove.

They accepted, and left the choice of location to Ben-Abdeslam. The Ghenanma Ouled Hamou lived in an independent ksar. General Officer Risbourg visited on March 2 of that year. The Act of March 30, stipulated the establishment of five Saharan companies commanded by Affairs Indigenous officers. These arrangements were for the defense of the Algeria-Morocco border. With the help of the soldiers present in the town he built a "Khaoua" fraternity , [A 1] composed of a room, a chapel and three acres of garden, [A 2] purchased by the help of Marie de Bondy.

The chapel was completed on December 1, His life was intended to revolve around a strict rule: five hours of sleep, six hours of manual work interspersed with a long time of prayer. Imitation is inseparable from love. Whoever wants to imitate love is the secret of my life. Priest since last June, I immediately felt called to go to the lost sheep, to the most abandoned souls, to perform towards them the duty of love. I am happy, very happy, although I do not in any way seek happiness. A portion of the year was devoted to an exchange of correspondence with Bishop Guerin, the Apostolic prefect of Sahara, about his fight against slavery in the Hoggar.

The following year, he planned for trips to Morocco to establish a fraternity. Learning of this conflict, however, Charles left to the south on September 2, in order to rescue the wounded from the Battle of Taghit and El-Moungar. Abbe Henri Huvelin wrote him to " go where you shoot the Spirit ". Charles toured with supply January 13, , on the air south toward the Hoggar. Charles then noted all the possible places of installation. He was disappointed by the attitude of some military Colonials. The tour ended at In Salah in September. Having sought advice from the abbot Huvelin and Bishop Guerin, he participated in a new tour of supply.

On 25 Juin, , they met amenokal chef of the tribe Moussa Ag Amastan , who decided to make an alliance with the French authority. Their meeting developed into a deep friendship. The Abbabsa, who have already attended the exiled persons to their homes, did not hesitate to join the movement. The Abbabsa participated in the war of National Liberation between and After the members' release, they continued the fight with Trabelsi Boufeldja who escaped detention and Mohammed Yacoub's writer Taleb-Zian. He was arrested and executed a few minutes after. The National Liberation Army's military base of Hassi Ali was re-organized under the leadership of Alhadj chebir who fled in turn of the French army.

First Battle of Amgala - WikiVividly

Members of the ALN in the region participated in various battles against the French troops, sacrificing their lives for freedom. The Franco-Russian geologist Nicolas Menchikoff About - [51] began his research in the region during the s. The political management of the city was Algerian and the first mayor appointed was Ben Said Mokhtar, who remained in place until , the date of the first elections of the Communal People's Assemblies. Until the city was governed by Mohamed Maamar [57] locally called Ba Maamar because of his humility and closeness to the people. The city saw the construction of a bridge at the entrance of the city, and the commissioning of antennas for receiving television programs.

Historic neighborhoods Safat, Tlayat, Souiguiat combine Islamic and local architecture. The hill with its buildings and its front Oued is representative of French and modern architecture. The district seat and Citroen home overlooking the cliff are the representative type of French architecture of the colonial era. Historic neighborhoods retain the old underlying architecture, even if the surface of dwellings has changed, construction method and building materials either remain almost the same [48] as previously, or incorporate new materials such as Cement and cement brick.

YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely. Toggle navigation. HOME current From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Commune and town in Bechar, Algeria. Commune and town. Bou-ali house sparrow. El-bouma little owl. This section may be confusing or unclear to readers.

In particular, certain characters are introduced without an indication of why they are significant. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. In particular, the wording is confusing and there are too many unintroduced characters. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Beni Abbes Museum.

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Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 19 February Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 16 March Archived from the original PDF on 16 May Retrieved 13 February Retrieved 9 March Retrieved 14 February La France joue au fournisseur. Aujourd'hui les masques tombent.

Archived from the original on 4 March Archived from the original on 9 July Archived from the original on 10 July Archived from the original on 23 January Archived from the original on 29 April Archived from the original PDF on 17 May Archived from the original on 20 August Archived from the original PDF on 6 January Retrieved 2 March Jean-Jacques Antier November Charles de Foucauld in French.

Alain Vircondelet September Charles de Foucauld, comme un agneau parmi des loups in French. Igli Mazzer.

Taghit Berrabi Bakhti Zaouia Foukania. Source 1: NOAA [16]. Source 2: climatebase. Saci Ahmed Abdelhafid []. Mohamed Habri []. Bechar Taghit Igli Mazzer. Grand Erg Occidental.

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Pasty J-F. Ikosim 5 21 - Watson D. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 52 4 - Wendorf F. Prehistory of the Eastern Sahara. Academic Press New York. Keywords: Epipalaeolithic ; Neolithic ; Western Sahara ; lithic technology ; microburin technique ; Neolithic pottery. Restricted Access. Add to Cart. Have an Access Token? Enter your access token to activate and access content online. Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token. Have Institutional Access? Forgot your password? Get Permissions.

Almagro-Basch , M. Ampurias 7 - 8 , 69 - Bachir Bacha , A. Trabajos de Prehistoria 30 , - BAR international series , Archaeopress , Oxford. Barich , B.

Quaternary International , 15 - Bar-Yosef , O. Belhouchet , L. Quaternary International , 28 - Bronk Ramsey , C. Radiocarbon 51 1 , - Brooks , N. Prehistory and History of the Sahara 17 , 73 - Antiquity 83 , - Daugas , J. Domanski , M. Journal of Archaeological Science 19 , - Ehrenreich , S.

First Battle of Amgala

El Idrissi , A. In: Borrell , M. Font , N. CNRS , Paris , pp. Huysecom , E. Inizan , M. Quaternaria 19 , 1 - CREP , Meudon. Jackes , M. African Archaeology Review 25 , 41 - Jesse , F. Journal of African Archaeology 8 , - Kandel , A. Journal of Archaeological Science 32 12 , - Miferma-Informations 14 , 45 - Miferma-Informations 16 , 49 - Quaternary International , - Journal of African Archaeology 11 2 , - McDonald , M. The African Archaeological Review 9 , 81 - Mulazzani , S. Africa LXIV , - Onrubia-Pintado , J.

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Tabona 7 , - Petit-Maire , N. Rahmani , N. Journal of World Prehistory 18 1 , 57 - Reimer , P. Radiocarbon 55 4 , Riemer , H. Nyame Akuma 61 , 10 - Riser , J. Le bassin de Tarfaya Maroc atlantique, 28e Nord. Rodrigue , A. Lithic Technology 34 1 , 6 - 9.

Munibe 63 , - Almogaren , 87 - Krei 13, 5 - Salih , A. Sheppard , P. Soler , J. Thesis , Universitat de Girona , Girona. Documenta Universitaria , Girona. Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences , Brussels , pp. Quaternary International , 93 - Stoetzel , E. Tixier , J. Glossary for description of stone tools, with special reference to the Epipaleolithic of the Maghreb. Newsletter of Lithic Technology: special publication, 1.

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  • Sahara 10 , 21 - Sahara 15 , 75 - Ikosim 3 , 21 - Sahara 17 , 59 - Journal of African Archaeology 5 1 , 17 - Ikosim 5 , 21 - Watson , D. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 52 4 , - Wendorf , F.