Back To School (German Edition)
As Em1 pointed out in a comment, the correct translation of high school is simply Highschool. Due to the dominance of American media, practically every German speaker knows this term and knows pretty well what it means. Some German states have schools that are somewhat similar to high schools, but even these can't agree on a uniform name for this kind of school, and since there are always alternatives that you can attend instead, their character isn't quite the same anyway.
They tend to get only the lowest performing students. I guess there is no best way, since it depends on what you want to say. As you said, the systems are quite different.
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So highschool in the US can be several different schools in Germany. We have a "Grundschule" for the years After this, you must change to a "Hauptschule", or a "Realschule" or a "Gynasium". But you can go to a "Gesamtschule" Is all three ones in one School. These are for the years After this, you can go to a Gymnasium for the "Gymnasiale Oberstufe". Not all. It's your choice. Year This is free to go. Only your choice. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Ask Question.
Ilei Ilei 67 1 1 gold badge 1 1 silver badge 5 5 bronze badges. If you want to reflect the US highschool, call it "Highschool".
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None of the German terms for the German school system would fit. You cannot compare apples with oranges. Also note that the literal translation "Hochschule" refers to universities and the like. I'm glad that nobody so far suggested that translation; but if someone does, they are certainly wrong.
Also note that even within the German speaking area, there is no unified school system. So even the meaning of terms that apply to Germany might not be well known in Austria or Switzerland. Em1, I agree with everything but the part on fruit. This is even true for the last years of Gymnasium, which somehow match Highschool.
The decade between and was supposed to be a trial period to see if the Gesamtschule was superior or not. The verdict was mixed, and the Gesamtschule now only exists in various forms in about ten of the 16 German states. In some German states, including Bavaria, Hamburg, Saxony, Thuringia and others, the Hauptschule and Realschule have been combined to create the Mittelschule also known as Regelschule or Regionalschule to create a two-tiered system rather than three.
The good old academic Gymnasium has endured in most of Germany to this day. In Austria and Switzerland the Gesamtschule concept has never drawn any real support. Special Education As opposed to the US system of inclusion of students with special needs whenever feasible, Germany also promotes tracking in that area.
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This practice, which puts some , German students in special, separate schools, has been criticized for not meeting the , EU-ratified UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which calls for a more inclusive, integrated education for disabled students. Critics say that by separating special-needs students from the general population, the German special education system fails, in that it puts disabled students at a disadvantage and prevents their integration into daily life.
This is especially true for students with physical disabilities.
Only in a few places in Germany are some special-needs students integrated into regular schools. But in recent years, some schools in Germany have started offering a full day of education Ganztagsschule. They offer study hours for homework, extracurricular activities and a hot lunch at the cafeteria. Since most German schools never had a cafeteria, this often requires new construction to provide them. Class Schedule German secondary schools have a class schedule that resembles a US college schedule, with different classes offered each day.
Some subjects are taught three days per week, with others taught only twice a week. On Monday a typical schedule might offer four minute classes and sometimes double minute classes in 1 math, 2 history, 3 art and 4 English, while on Tuesday a student might have five classes: 1 German, 2 religion , 3 calculus, 4 French and 5 PE. Most students eat lunch at home, since schools usually have no cafeteria, and the school day ends fairly early. Although there is some physical education, German schools are more academic in nature. Competitive sporting events between schools are rare.
Athletics is usually done outside of school by belonging to a sports club. For a long time in many parts of Germany the school week included Saturday. In East Germany Saturday was a school day nationwide. Only a very few local schools still have Saturday classes Samstagsunterricht.
Preschools in Germany Surprisingly, in the land that invented the kindergarten, preschool education is not part of the public education system. Most preschools or daycare centers for young children in Germany are run by churches or other non-profit organizations.
Efforts to increase the availability of childcare have been hindered by a lack of funding, plus a lack of trained staff. Less than a third of three-year-olds in Germany had access to daycare in Finding a place for your preschooler can be difficult, since there are also many other parents trying to find a good Kita or kindergarten. The better facilities tend to fill fast, so it is necessary to plan ahead.
Finding a place for your child often depends on where you live. Getting your child into a good facility near where you live is considered a wonderful stroke of luck. Compulsory school attendance Schulpflicht starts in September after a child has turned six. All students attend elementary school from grade one to grade four in most states. The majority of children attend a public elementary school in their neighborhood.
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As in the US, schools in affluent areas tend to be better than those in less-affluent areas. Efforts to combat this inequality have met with limited success. Secondary Schools in Germany After completing their primary education at 10 years of age, 12 in Berlin and Brandenburg , children attend one of five types of secondary schools in Germany. The five kinds of schools vary from state to state in Germany:.
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Hauptschule HOWPT-shoo-luh, grades or The Hauptschule is generally considered the least demanding of the five types of secondary school, but it may be very appropriate for students who wish to enter the trades or go through an apprenticeship for certain types of industrial employment.
The Hauptschule prepares pupils for vocational education, and most of the pupils work part-time as apprentices. Upon completion of the final Hauptschulabschluss examination, after grade 9 or They also have the option of earning the more prestigious Realschulabschluss after grade Realschule ray-ALL-shoo-luh, grades This is the most popular type of secondary school in Germany.
About 40 percent of German pupils attend this kind of school. The Realschule may be a step below the Gymnasium more below , but it can be a very good school, with academic standards that usually exceed those of a typical high school in the US. For instance, Realschule students must study at least one foreign language usually English or French for a minimum of five years. In Gymnasium a second foreign language is required. Graduates earn a Realschulabschluss diploma. This German tradition began back in the early s in the cities of Jena, Dresden and Leipzig.
On the first day of school, students were told to select the cone that had their name on it. To their astonishment, they would find the cones stuffed with edible treats such as pretzels and candy. Of course, the tradition eventually spread and evolved through the years. So, while American children tend to be busy shopping with their parents for back-to-school supplies, German children on the other hand will be receiving most of these items in their cones!