1000 Virtues & Merits of Amir Al-Muminin Ali Ibn Abi-Talib

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  2. Virtues & Merits of Amir al-Muminin Ali ibn Abi-Talib (En)
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Not a single hair of his was burnt. It was as if the pyre was a blooming garden. Seeing this miracle, Nimrod was dumb-founded! But his flame of revenge was not extinguished. He ordered that his belongings may not be confiscated but he must be banished forthwith. Passing through Halb and Damascus this small group reached Palestine which, in those days, was called Kan-aan. In Palestine his abode was eleven miles away from Jerusalem.

The locality is known as Hebron. When the king of Egypt, Raqyoon, saw the pretty Hazrat Sarah, evil intentions passed through his mind. When he stretched his hand towards her, it instantly got paralyzed. Raqyoon repented his action and begged for Hazrat Ibrahim a. He gave valuable gifts to the group and also presented a slave girl, Hajra, to Hazrat Ibrahim a.

This girl later on became the consort of Hazrat Ibrahim a. He prayed to Allah to give him off springs that could help him advance his Mission. His prayers were answered and, at the age of eighty-six, he was blessed with his first son Ismail a.

Lives of the Khulafaa (31): Ali ibn Abi Talib - Pre-Caliphate Stories (Part 4)

After sometime Hazrat Sarah too gave birth to Hazrat Ishaq a. When Hazrat Sarah presented a son to Hazrat Ibrahim a. With Divine Guidance they reached a desolate place in the wilderness of Hedjaz. Although the place was devoid of any human presence, Allah had earmarked it for the location of the Umm-al-Qura - The Fountainhood of Habitations. Therefore, with the hands of Hazrat Ibrahim a. He left Hazrat Ismail a. Therefore he left them in the trust of Allah and started on his return journey with a heavy heart that he was leaving behind his beloved son and the faithful wife.

When he reached the Mount Kada at some distance, he glanced back at Hajra and Ismail a. Rabbana inni askanta man zurriati bawaad ghaira zi zara inda baitak al mahram Rabbana leyaqeemus salata faj-al afidat min al naas tahwi ilaihim warzaqhum min al qaraat la-allahum yashkuroon. O Sustainer!

Near Your Holy Abode, where nothing grows, I have settled my progeny. O Our Provider! When my progeny establish Prayer, turn the hearts of people towards them and bestow them with sustenance of fruits that they are grateful to You.. Although Hazrat Ibrahim a. He then took the way back to Hebron. Hazrat Hajra made a canopy of the sheet of cloth and sat under it with little Ismail a. Although it was quiet all around, the courageous lady was not scared at all. She had absolute trust in Allah. She had with her only one pitcher of water that was exhausted in a day or two. Now she worried about water.

As the sun progressed on its journey, the intensity of thirst increased. She became restless looking at the parched face of the baby. She started searching for water in the environs. She climbed over the peaks of Safa and Marwa and made seven trips between the two peaks. When she came back totally exhausted, Hazrat Hajra noticed water oozing from the pebbles of sand. She removed the pebbles and stones from the spot and a spring of sweet and cool water spurted out. Hazrat Hajra quenched the thirst of her baby and herself with the cool water and then erected a parapet around the place with stones gathered from the surroundings so that it served as a cistern for the water.

Looking at the water, birds started hovering around the place. In no time there were signs of life in the desolate wilderness.


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At that time a caravan of Bani Jarham of Yemen passed that way,. When they noticed groups of birds in the horizon of the valley, they were surprised. They wondered what the birds had to do in the desolate, waterless desert. When the caravan descended from the heights of the mountain, they noticed a lady sitting with her bowed head and having a baby on her lap.

Nearby they saw a spring of water. Finding the spring there, they asked the permission of Hazrat Hajra if they could settle down in the neighborhood. Hazrat Hajra was agreeable to their inhabiting the area, but she told them that without the consent of Hazrat Ibrahim a. She asked them to wait till Hazrat Ibrahim a. Thus a small colony of shacks was the first community of inhabitants there. Hazrat Ismail a. He carried stones on his shoulders to the site and Hazrat Ibrahim a.


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Thus the team of father and son accomplished the construction of the Kaaba. It was the result of their sincerity and dedication that very soon Kaaba got the status of the most revered place of pilgrimage in the entire Arabian Peninsula. People started heading for the Kaaba from all directions. The population of the place thus increased by leaps and bounds. It became a bustling habitation in the heart of Peninsular Arabia and became known by the name of Bakka. This is its original name and Zaboor too refers to the place as Bakka.

In the Holy Quran too, it is termed as Bakka when the Book mentions about the event of its construction:. The First House that was made for the people is in Bakka which is felicitous place and a source of inspiration for the worlds. The other name of Bakka which is in vogue is Makka al Mukarrama. He says that both are the names of the same place. Some traditions mention that the place where the Kaaba is located is Bakka and the habitation around it is Makka. The reason for giving this name to the place is that whenever the Arabs from all over assembled there, they lamented and wailed loudly.

Therefore Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq a. Therefore Imam Reza a. This shouting and wailing too was considered as a sort of worship by the people there. Therefore Allah says in the Holy Quran:. The real meaning of the word Umm is origin or foundation. One reason for terming Makka as Umm al Qura is that a spate of human population originated from here and spread far and wide in the world.

Therefore, when Hazrat Ismail a. They also established settlements in other parts of the world. This holy land, besides being the foundation of human settlements also is the center for the Faith and Guidance of the humankind. On this very land the First House of Allah was constructed. The Message of Islam too was first given from these environs. The Revelation of the Holy Quran too commenced in Makka. The Prophet of Islam was born here and his radiance spread far and wide.

In Makka he spent his years from childhood to early youth. It is a fact that different places in the world have effect on the life in consonance with the geographic location and the climate. Similarly, the land in the same area has stretches that have different types of soil. Therefore, when something is grown on a fertile soil, it thrives. If the same crop is on an infertile piece of land, it will wither. The plants growing on soft soils are generally weak.

The shrubs growing on rocky soils are hardy. The reason for this is that the roots of the plants growing on desert soils have to penetrate deep to draw the moisture from there. Therefore Nature has provided these plants the strength to contend with the harsh environment. Ameer-al-Momineen a. Alawan al shajarat al abrriaaslab awad awal rawaeh khazrat araq jalood wal nabataat al badawiah qawi wa qaud wa abta khamooda- Nahj al Balagha. Remember the timber of the trees in the wilderness is strong and the bark of fresh and fleshy plants is weak and puny. The wood from the trees growing in the wild burns well and the fire lasts longer.

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Similarly the soil, the climate and the environment of a place have marked effect on the mental and physical built of the people there. The place of birth influences the character and habits of the people there. When there is a change of environment from the wilderness to urban conglomerates, then they slowly mould themselves towards adoption of the new ways.

If we take stock of the inhabitants of the hot desert lands, we find that they are more frugal, chivalrous and hard working than those living in more comfortable and salubrious climes. In the deserts people have to contend with harsh situations. Therefore, they have the capability to face these difficulties. Hazrat Ameer al Momineen a. Even on human consideration too, the harsh desert environment too was responsible for his great faculty of resilience. S Al-Abbas A. S Lady Fatima Masuma S.

Change font. He replied: This is the doing of their biggest idol. In the Holy Quran too, it is termed as Bakka when the Book mentions about the event of its construction: Un awwal bayt waza lilnaas lil-lazi ba Bakkat mubaraka wa hudal lil aalameen The First House that was made for the people is in Bakka which is felicitous place and a source of inspiration for the worlds. Therefore Allah says in the Holy Quran: Wa maa kana salatahum indal bayt al amkaa wa tasdeeh Near the Kaaba their worship was whistling and clapping of hands In the Holy Quran the city of Makka is also mentioned as Umm-al-Qura.

If a horse runs the full day 24hours it will cover approximately miles. This gives us the distance the horse will cover in 24 hrs one day. To calculate the distance covered by the horse in one month we multiply it by Assuming that 6 months are of 29 days and 6 months are of 30 days. It gives us something around 15, The horse covers 15, miles in one month 30 days.

To get the distance that he will travel in one year we multiply it by Since there are 12 months in a year. It gives you 1,86, Then multiply 1,86, by as the horse should run for years. It gives you 9,34,00, miles. Now if you ask an astronomer about the distance of sun from the earth he will tell you that the distance is never constant. The orbit of the earth is oval in shape. Sometimes it comes nearer to the sun and on occasions it distances itself from the sun. When the earth is closest to the sun its distance is 9,10,00, miles and the distance when it is farthest from the sun is 9,48,00, miles.

When you take an average on these two distances it comes around 9,30, miles. Congratulations to all Muslims and free thinkers of the world, especially you dear friend, upon 13th of Rajab,. Send your blessings to the purified spirit and the holy body that is placed in grave; the one with whom justice and righteousness was also buried; the one who was united with truth by oath, and did not breach his oath at any price; he always accompanied truth and faith" 1. These were poems recited by an oppressed woman as a response to the angry yells of a brutal caliph. She did whatever she could to take back her rights, but it did not work out.

Thus, she decided to go directly to Mu'awyiah in Shaam in person. Therefore, being highly motivated, she traveled all the way from Hamdan to Shaam and entered the palace of Mu'awyiah. After having a discussion with Mu'awyiah about the battle of Siffin, Suda addressed Mu'awyiah by saying," O Mu'awyiah! Moreover, he is trying to force us to say things which may Allah forbid us from saying. We do not want to cause chaos; however, our brave men are not entirely dead. You have two options now: either you dismiss him so that we will thank you, or ignore my words so that we will come to know you completely".

Mu'awyiah, who did not expect a woman to speak to him like this, became extremely angry and shouted," Are you threatening me? I will now order you to be sent on a rebellious camel to Busr ibn Artaat so that he will treat you however he wishes". At this moment, everyone became silent. All the entourage of Mu'awyiah lowered their heads, and they did not dare to say anything or ever look at each other; nonetheless, the only person who was not afraid of the anger of the caliph was the same oppressed woman, who broke the silence by reciting the following poems: "O Allah!

Send your blessings to the purified spirit and the holy body that is placed in grave; the one with whom justice and righteousness was also buried; the one who was united with truth by oath, and did not breach his oath at any price; he was always accompanied by truth and faith". After reciting the poems, Mu'awyiah asked her," Who are you referring to?

Mu'awyiah asked," What has Ali said? So I went to him to complain, and I found him pray ing. After he finished his pray ers, he turned to me with kindness and asked," Did you need anything? Then, he became so upset that he broke into tears. Then, he stretched his hands towards the sky and said," O Allah! You know that I never ordered my governors to oppress people or to deprive them from their rights".

Then, he immediately took out a piece of skin and wrote on it: "In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Indeed, clear proof has come to you from your Lord; therefore, give full measure and weight, and do not diminish to men their things, and do not make mischief on earth.

Virtues & Merits of Amir al-Muminin Ali ibn Abi-Talib (En)

What Allah has left with you of permissible wealth is better for you if you are believers, and I am not a keeper over you 1. As soon as you finish reading my letter, behold whatever is with you from us until someone comes to you from us to take over your position. In this manner, Ali dismissed his governor due to his oppression against the people". Then, Suda continued by saying," That was how Ali treated an oppressed, defenseless woman, and this is your treatment!

At this point, Suda said to him," Only me?! This is an inappropriate and wicked act. If justice is to be applied, it has to be applied to all the people of the tribe; otherwise, I am no worthier than the others". Mu'awyiah moved a bit, looked at the woman again, and responded," Indeed! Then, he ordered that the letter be written however Suda wished 2 ". Source: Roshd. The life and example of Seyyedah Zainab pbuh crystallized the figure of the ideal woman in Islam. Her versatile and innumerable virtues and sublime personality, modesty, chastity and knowledge reminded one of her mother, Mistress of the Women of the World Seyyedah Fatimah pbuh.

1000 Virtues & Merits of Amir al-Mu’minin Ali Ibn Abi-Talib

You are an oppressor and have inherited cruelty and atrocity from your ancestors. Hence, we cannot expect more than this from you. I regard confronting you as a shame. Now that I have been brought here at your court as a captive you and your gaudy court seem so worthless to me and I still curse and rebuke you with all my might. We speak of Hazrat Zainab AS. Truly when an individual spends his or her life in support of truth and establishment of divine values, his or her name will remain eternal in history and his or her lifestyle will inspire the future generations.

That is why the name of Zainab and her lifestyle has influenced many people even non Muslims. Zainab and Imamate In her life, Zainab always saw the evildoers, oppressors, insurgents and breakers of covenants defy the truth and Imam Ali A. Finally, an evil hand gave Imam Ali A. After Imam Ali A. Hassan was also greatly oppressed until at last he signed a peace treaty with the ruler of that time and moved to Kufa in the company of Zainab , her husband, and his own companions. Imam Hassan A.

Imam Hussein refused to pledge allegiance and made up his mind to move to Mecca. Zainab said farewell to her husband and went with her brother accompanied by her sons Muhammad and Aun. They reached Mecca in 61 Hijra year. Imam Hussein A. They arrived at Kerbala on the 2nd Muharram. Zainab had heard from her grandfather and father that Karbala would be the place where Imam Hussein A.

Zainab A. S in Karbala Zainab A. Her brother's name and Karbala associate the idea of freedom, justice, humanity, virtue, fighting against despotism, with the realization of the sovereignty of Allah. The history of Karbala is based on two pillars: the rising of Imam Hussein A. She was an outstanding figure in the history of Karbala endowed with divine steadfastness and fortitude.

She sacrificed her two sons and one should not say anything if one devoted his life for the cause of Allah. After the martyrdom of her brother and her two sons, she said: "O my Lord! Accept our humble sacrifice to You. O people of Kufa, you are hypocrites and deceitful. You feign to be sorry for the death of my brother and his companions. May you always shed tears.

I find nothing in you but flattery, evil acts and thoughts, pride and spite and ill-will. By Allah! You deserve lasting sorrow instead of joy.

Shame on you, your hands are imbrued with the blood of the son of the Holy Prophet, the one who was your sole refuge in case of adversity. By your evil act and disloyalty, you incurred the -wrath of Allan against you. Woe betide you! No one will intercede with Allah for you. This frightened Ubaidullah and his cruel agents. She also delivered a furious sermon in the court of the caliph that made his authority and despotic rule feel undermined.

S mentioned the intensity of her daughter's love for Imam Hussain A. He breathed a deep sigh and said with moistened eyes, "My dear child. This child of mine Zainab A. S would be confronted with a thousand and one calamities and face serious hardships in Karbala. In that tragedy she was both a patient teacher and a nurse. She encouraged the warriors and sympathized with the injured.