85 modi per annodare la cravatta (Le chiavi. Saggistica) (Italian Edition)
After a difference of opinion with Embrico, Ailbertus departed in He died in Sechtem , near Bonn in In , the bones, thought to be those of Ailbertus, were transferred to Rolduc and interred in the crypt built by himself and Embrico. The first abbot of the monastic community was Abbot Richer who came from Rottenburch in Bavaria.
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The community was made up of canons regular Augustinians who initially lived according to extremely strict principles. Community life, prayers, lack of possessions, fasting and manual work were all part and parcel of the daily cycle. After guardianship of the abbey fell into the hands of the Duchy of Limburg in , Kloosterrade was considered to be their family church.
His tombstone can be found in the main aisle of the church. From the midth century to the end of the 13th century the abbey flourished. In the abbey owned more than 3, hectares of land and the number of regulars grew steadily. The library developed into one of the most important of its age and the Abbey provided pastoral and spiritual care to many parishes throughout the Netherlands.
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Five communities in Friesland were placed under the authority of the Abbot of Kloosterrade, the most important of these being the Abbey of Ludingakerke. During the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries times were harder for Kloosterrade in both spiritual and material terms. The buildings and fabric paid a heavy price during the Eighty Years War.
After ca. Materialistically, the abbey began to prosper once again and revenue was generated from the exploitation of the coal mines. In around , Kloosterrade employed mineworkers. The abbey was dissolved by the French occupiers in and the canons regular were forced to leave the community. After Belgian independence , this seminary moved to St. Truiden in Belgium and Rolduc became a boarding grammar school for boys from well-to-do Dutch families. From to , the buildings were used to accommodate a seminary, but now under the auspices of the Diocese of Roermond.
The boarding school closed in The crypt and the choir and chancel above have a cloverleaf pattern. The western-most part of the crypt the stem of the cloverleaf was built later. When the crypt was consecrated in , it was smaller than it is today. Remarkable is the fact that the columns in the crypt all have a different design.
The chancel above the crypt was completed in and eight years later the northern and southern transepts were constructed. The crossing had not yet then been raised, so that it was flanked by two wings on the same level. This transversal gallery consisted of three sections, the roofs of each comprising a vaulted ceiling supported by columns.
In , the church was extended westwards with a further three sections. In the original design, two smaller sections in the side aisles were planned to the south of these three sections. This plan was changed during construction. In the second and later in a fourth section, the aisles on either side were raised to the same height as the nave to form so-called pseudo transepts, so that on the outside of the church they look like transepts, whereas in fact they do not extend beyond the foundation plan of the church.
These pseudo-transepts were not initially intended to be aesthetic, but designed to give better support to the vaults and to allow more light into the church. The same construction method was also used in the older Mariakerk now demolished in Utrecht and later used in the Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk in Maastricht. When the three sections of the nave were completed in , a solid enclosing wall was built at the end of the third section. This third section was not yet then vaulted and in , the thatched roof was replaced by tiles.
Later in the twelfth century, the exact date is not known, a fourth section was built and the church extended further westwards. Originally, this would have consisted of a middle section on which the tower now stands and two lower side aisles. The tower extended no further upwards than the ledge that can be seen on the outside under the gothic windows.
The westwork would originally have been much lower and compacter than now. The church was completed and consecrated in Prior to , the crypt was extended westwards, the stem of the cloverleaf, as it were, being made longer. The choir above it was consequently raised along the same length. This raised section, in the crossing, likewise cut the transepts in two. In the sixteenth century, in line with the fashions of the time, the Romanesque trimmings were removed from the crypt and the choir and replaced with Gothic designs.
The two side recesses of the crypt and choir were demolished and the circular windows replaced with perpendicular ones. In the mid-eighteenth century, the crypt was plastered in rococo style. The choir stalls were installed on the crossing in the choir in the seventeenth century. Their carvings are simple but powerful in design.
A tower was constructed on the westwork in and in , its stone steeple was replaced by one made in timber with slates. In , the young architect, P. Cuypers, was commissioned to restore the crypt and to reinstate as much as possible the original Romanesque fabric. The first restoration projects were also carried out on the church at the same time. Restoration of the church was resumed in , including the reconstruction of the side recesses in the cloverleaf layout.
As faithful as possible a reconstruction of the old chancel was carried out on the basis of the old foundation plans that had been found. The frescoes were painted between and by the Aachen-based priest, Goebbels. The tombstones of the abbots in the side aisles were removed and placed vertically outside the church and against the walls in the transept. From both inside and outside, they give an impression of grandeur, reflecting to some extent the status of the abbots, who had been rewarded with the right to wear the mitre ever since the time of van der Steghe.
The quadrangle, which housed a courtyard surrounded by the cloisters to the north of the church show little of the original form which was less elevated than today. The western side is more or less original, but the other sides have been raised and altered in the course of time. The eastern wing, which looks directly onto the gardens, was built by Moretti, an Aachen-based architect between and The splendid library which it houses has plasterwork designed in late eighteenth century rococo style.
To the south of the main complex is a farmstead dating from the end of the eighteenth century. For a long time it remained in private hands, but was bought back by Rolduc in and restored. The southern wing, on the right-hand side when you are facing the church, was built in as a school. Between and , the building that make up Rolduc, including the crypt and the church with their frescoes, underwent major restoration work.
In , Rolduc received the Europa Nostra Award, a prize awarded in recognition of projects that contribute to the upkeep of the European cultural heritage. Die Krypta wurde fertig gestellt. Nach Uneinigkeiten mit Embrico zog Ailbertus weg. Er starb im Jahr in Sechtem bei Bonn. Die Abtei wurde Kloosterrade genannt. Walram III von Limburg. Sein Grab befindet sich im Mittelgang der Kirche. Mitte des Jahrhundert reichte. Die Abtei von Ludingakerke war die wichtigste. Im Jahrhundert erlebte die Abtei eine lange Periode des geistigen und materiellen Verfalls.
Das letztendliche Internat wurde geschlossen. Dadurch entstanden die so genannten Pseudo-Querschiffe. Im Jahr war die Kirche fertig und wurde sie eingeweiht. Im sechzehnten Jahrhundert wurden Krypta und Altarraum dem Zeitgeist entsprechend der gotischen Bauweise angepasst, wobei die romanischen Elemente beseitigt wurden. Die zwei Seitenschiffe der Krypta und des Altarraums wurden abgerissen, die runden Fenster durch spitze Fenster ersetzt.
Mitte des achtzehnten Jahrhunderts wurde die Krypta mit Stuckarbeiten im Rokokostil versehen. Sie sind mit einfachen und ausdrucksvollen Schnitzereien versehen. Auch an der Kirche wurden erste Restaurationsarbeiten vorgenommen. Jahrhundert auf. Es war lange in Privatbesitz. Sai a cosa mi riferisco, ammettilo…. Come tu non hai capito me…. Quando mi avvio ad una azione verso il mio ambiente, non trovo il vuoto, ma un mondo vivo di persone, fatti, storia. Da un pezzo abbiamo capito che le emozioni hanno le loro buone ragioni, che la mente razionale non solo non sa cogliere, ma oltre una certa soglia, non riesce proprio a fermarle.
Significa che le mie emozioni mi alleno fin da piccolo a sentirle, discriminarle, esserne consapevole, e soprattutto mi alleno a contenerle, filtrarle, trasformarle in energia che posso gestire, con la quale posso progettare gettare avanti me in un mondo esterno che include altri Io, altri Noi. Ecco la prima. Per dirla proprio tutta, la nostra epoca sembra avere un rapporto proprio strano con le emozioni.
E mancano parole che esprimono affetti ed emozioni. Voglia di raccontarsi La generazione emo ha i suoi strumenti per esprimersi. Il corpo innanzitutto, dicevamo, con la sua ritrovata esasperata? Attivazioni anche viscerali, ma molto emozionate. Per capire le emozioni ci vuole coraggio. Le parole per dirlo Parole con la P maiuscola: parole che sappiano cogliere le sfumature.
Ecco la prima lezione. Dal campo del biologico, degli istinti, delle pulsioni, al territorio del sociale, delle relazioni, dei valori. Facciamo una prova, adesso, qui. E ancora: quale filo, quale storia posso concatenare oggi con queste parole? Quali piccoli o grandi contrasti ho vissuto oggi? Come la ho manifestata, o nascosta? Ce ne sono alcune che mi accorgo di non aver mai sperimentato? E a questo piccolo elenco di parole per dirlo e di domande, cosa posso aggiungere di proprio mio?
Gli spazi, i tempi, i rituali Benedette emozioni, come sono delicate, ed esigenti! Uno spazio calmo, senza troppi stimoli. Ha bisogno di situazioni e momenti, di rituali, quasi, di celebrazioni. O al contrario mentre fingiamo di voler ascoltare voi e invece vi rovesciamo addosso come un torrente le nostre, di emozioni, senza spazi di punteggiatura per il dialogo. Ci siamo posti un obbiettivo, sicuramente non semplice: fare prevenzione. I giovani che esprimono disagio, malessere, che abusano di alcool, di sostanze stupefacenti, che si comportano in modo violento e autolesionista, soffrono?
Forse questi ragazzi sono psicologicamente anestetizzati, quindi non sentono. Permetteteci una parentesi etimologica, prendiamo in esame due parole. Star bene o essere sani non significa, come forse molti credono non soffrire, non essere mai tristi. Significa invece sentire le emozioni, i sentimenti, in maniera adeguata alle circostanze e la sofferenza, il dolore e la morte, sono elementi essenziali della vita. Non sente la sua e non comprende quella degli altri. Ci chiediamo se la crisi dei valori appartenga ai giovani o al mondo degli adulti e se, di conseguenza, si rifletta sui primi.
Ci chiediamo cosa provano, quali sentimenti vivono coloro che sono a contatto con i ragazzi, che lavorano con essi o che sono loro legati affettivamente: gli adulti. Rabbia, impotenza, pena? Questo li tranquillizzerebbe. Il contrabbasso. Ines Scarlino, pianista, insegnante al Pollini, con uno stuolo di allievi diplomati affermati nel mondo musicale. As other authors have recognized the reader as a force in literature chapter 2 and the power of the female constituency chapter 4 , Frau continues on the same line of thought to demonstrate the full effect of the market in cultural production.
The reader is introduced to the Palermitan magazine Flirt in chapter ten, a publication known for its appeal to high society and its use of the portrait. Gragnani analyzes the text along with the visual components of the photographs, such as the pose, clothes, and jewels, all of which functioned as symbols for the class in question. The last essay in this section demonstrates the role print media assumed in educating Italians.
Adesso si tratta di fare gli Italiani. Giornale was known for its high quality illustrations and for its publication of the serial Pinocchio. As the article points out, the illustrations that made Giornale famous were overwhelmingly foreign, which indicated some of the struggles that the Italian print industry faced as Italy searched for a new generation of illustrators.
This book is highly recommended for those who are interested in studies on media and modernity. The scholars who have shared their research are well known for their contributions to Italian scholarship. Italian Perspectives has continued the tradition of making stimulating anthologies for the inquiring scholar as well as the classroom. Undoing Time. The Cultural Memory of an Italian Prison. Italian Modernities. Oxford: Peter Lang. I narratori sono ex-detenuti, guardie carcerarie, il direttore, il cappellano, ma anche persone le cui esistenze sono state influenzate dalla prigione, medici, famigliari.
Are they spectators or creators of the past? Mentre il terzo si concentra sulle rivolte di carcerati e sulla loro soppressione, il quarto esamina il ruolo della Chiesa nella prigione. Il capitolo introduce anche una discussione comparativa del ruolo delle prigioni come spazio storico, confrontando le dimensioni carcerarie in Brasile, Irlanda del Nord, Stati Uniti e Sudafrica. The Italian in Modernity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, This volume, following organically from their previous work, will reward the diligent reader who should be forewarned: this is no casual beach reading.
With over pages of text and pages of notes fascinating in themselves , chapters are long and dense the first is over pages , and the authors require a reader well versed not only in Italian history and culture but literary theory and American literature as well. Italian Bookshelf reading lends fruitful insights into myriad ranges of interrelated subjects from Stendahl to Scorsese. Equally important is the theoretical framing device of stereotypes and their inversion.
The remaining six chapters deal not with Italy per se but its images and representations in America. For the more perceptive and sensitive writers and intellectuals, Italy served as a mirror. Since decline must end inevitably in death, or can it continue in perpetuity? These are fine and provocative essays, even if the theme of modernity is sometimes obscured. Perhaps a concluding essay might have rounded out the volume, ideally treating the thesis that Italy was postmodern before it was even or ever fully modern.
Stanislao G. Verba Tremula. Letteratura, erotismo, pornografia. Bologna: Bononia University Press, Learn Sicilian. Mparamu lu sicilianu. A Comprehensive, Interactive Course. Mineola, NY: Legas, For years Gaetano Cipolla has been the linchpin of a movement to preserve, study, and promote the language and culture of Sicily in the world. Since he has been the editor of Arba Sicula, and a year later became the dynamic president of the organization of the same name. Continuing his mission on behalf of Sicilian language and culture, Cipolla has now produced an interactive grammar designed for the classroom but that can be used by anyone who wishes to learn the language independently.
Learn Sicilian is a complete package. In his introduction, Cipolla states that his intention in writing this book was to teach students the four language skills: understand, read, speak, and write. Italian Bookshelf lays out the grammar with easy-to-find verb conjugations, adjectives, pronouns, etc. The use of each rule is amply illustrated with a rich array of examples, while exercises and dialogues assure mastery of the material.
Cipolla faces the problem of morphological and phonological variations in the various Sicilian parrati head on by listing them early on in the text, while adopting a koine that is understandable to all Sicilians. Besides imparting a thorough knowledge of the Sicilian language, this book opens a wide window on every aspect of contemporary Sicilian life, and regales the reader with informative readings on the customs and traditions of the island, as well as on its geography, history, myths, cuisine, and literature.
To give one example, when an undertaker offers an extensive and expensive list of services to a bereaved family that just lost its patriarch, the grieving widow remarks that the family is lucky to be able to provide at least the corpse! In these readings we encounter the nymph Arethusa escaping unwanted amatory advances, Daedalus seeking shelter from the Cretan king Minos, Scylla and Charybdis terrorizing sailors, Polyphemus courting Galatea, Demeter searching for Persephone.
Each provincial capital is given a profile rich in historical and cultural information. This book is much more than a grammar. It is a treasure trove of information on the island defined by the American and British world famous classical scholar M. The loss of a single language is a loss for all humanity. It is worthwhile noticing that this book is also available in an electronic version: a DVD with text in PDF, which also contains the audio component. This version will enable readers to learn Sicilian using their computer.
Ravenna: Longo Editore, Atti del convegno, Firenze, marzo, Stefania Stefanelli. Maurizio Scaparro. Firenze: Accademia della Crusca, Gli interventi presentati durante il convegno e raccolti nel testo affrontano la questione molto complessa ma estremamente affascinante della evoluzione della lingua italiana, simbolo linguistico di un popolo in un paese unito ma solo sulla carta e come questa lingua viene affrontata nel testo teatrale. Ma quando si parla di adesione al reale come in De Filippo, o in Eduardo Scarpetta ma anche in Mimmo Borrelli o Vincenzo Salemme, oppure nei drammi di Annibale Ruccello, gli ambienti urbani e suburbani descritti e ritratti non generano una lingua teatrale piatta, ma piuttosto una cacofonia unica, vivace, multiforme che rende la lingua del teatro altrettanto vitale e mai costante o piatta.
Italian Bookshelf generatore unico di un linguismo unico ma al tempo stesso variegato. The title is somewhat misleading: this is not a complete history of Italian literature, similar to those Livi had published before. Although the opening section is dedicated to the Middle Ages, the focus of the rest of the studies is the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with particular attention to poetry and the role of literary journals.
The volume is divided into seven chronologically sequenced sections. The final study in this section looks at the myths of Beatrice and Laura as intersecting and profoundly marking European love poetry up to the pre-Raphaelites.
In the first two articles Livi examines the imaginary of F. Marinetti, and his work as a translator and mediator between French and Italian poetry. The fifth and the sixth section are each dedicated to a single author: Papini and Ungaretti. Italian Bookshelf emphasizes the range and variety of Italian twentieth-century literature, with its openness to European influences, but also its regional specificities.
This excellent volume, with its emphasis on early twentieth-century poetry and the role of literary journals in Franco-Italian exchanges, will interest comparatists and Italianists alike. Wittelsbach, Cornell University Massimo Riva. Pinocchio digitale. Postumanesimo e iper-romanzo.
Turismo a Sesto Calende
Milano: Franco Angeli, La seconda parte del libro si apre con il capitolo Postmodernismo letterario e riscoperta del tempo. Nel sesto capitolo, Gadda: iper-romanzo o garbuglio? Roma: Bulzoni Editore, This panorama enables Salsano to show how, despite his relative distance from the main intellectual and literary circles of his day, Michelstaedter nonetheless participates in a shared tradition of vitalist thought.
In the second chapter, Salsano focuses on that connection to Pirandello, showing how both thinkers respond to similar forms of epistemological crisis, the mechanization of society, and the estrangement of modern social forms. The final two chapters shift from these expansive literary-philosophical comparisons to close readings of key moments from La persuasione e la rettorica.
Italian Bookshelf relation with the avant-garde theater of the early 20th century. One wishes, if anything, that this argument were articulated at greater length. Italian Bookshelf Anne Parmly Toxey. Materan Contradictions. Architecture, Preservation and Politics. Il notevole studio di A. Il discorso prosegue spostandosi sulla geografia sociale dei Sassi, lascito delle varie dominazioni che si alternarono su questo territorio. A questo dibattito A. Questo volume colma una lacuna importante nella spesso miopica letteratura della preservazione dei beni culturali. Toxey propone di eleggere i Sassi di Matera a sito esemplificativo dei benefici del recupero di un luogo artistico e storico come presenza dinamica, abitata ed organicamente viva, ossia flessibile ai cambiamenti necessari per un suo ruolo cittadino e regionale.
Il paradigma intellettuale. Firenze: Leo S. Olschki Editore, Anselm of Canterbury, Albert the Great, St. Bonaventure and Thomas Aquinas. The first chapter enters into the vital spaces between such concepts described by the words vox and verbum voce, parola interiore, leggere and intelligere , and into the charged meanings offered by the words logos, lex naturae, nodo and lode. This chapter also examines the theories of understanding, by cognitive and speculative methods, in particular examining the relationships between tropi, enigmi, il difficile, ornatus, ragione, intellectualiter and the modi intelligendi , transumptio and the modi transumendi , clamare, lode and honestum.
Essentially, the setting, the content and the effect of this book are all deeply cerebral. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Italian Bookshelf different national identities. This perspective is explored by each scholar through a comparative critical approach, which considers also different media, namely, literature, visual art, theatre, cinema and music. This paper intertwines the late nineteenth-century activism of the African American poet, who politically reinterpreted the figure of Dante in the first poem of the trilogy titled The Seer, The Singer, The Sage, in light of the Italian Risorgimento.
Massimiliano L. Surrey: Ashgate, Firenze: Olschki, Gli uomini di scienza e i dissidenti religiosi, come Galileo Galilei, Martin Luther e Giordano Bruno, sono precisamente i liberi pensatori e oppositori di tale indottrinamento dogmatico che furono immediatamente individuati dalla chiesa censoria come potenziali e pericolosi pedagoghi delle masse, le cui idee ed azioni rivali andavano boicottate fino alle estreme conseguenze, anche a costo di esercitare una sorta di tirannia ex-Deo.
Le contaminazioni temute riguardavano gli innesti sulle preci sia involontari, dovuti a non contenute forme di irriverenza, sia volontari, determinati da elementi eterodossi desunti da ambiti dissidenti. Dante oltre la Commedia. Bologna: Il Mulino. Tuttavia riproporre, oggi, il modello del poema dantesco implica una reinterpretazione globale della nostra concezione del vivere sulla terra.
Si apre una sfida gnoseologica affrontata attraverso la nuova ispirazione degli interpreti di Dante. Nel primo contributo, Presenza e assenza di Agostino in Dante. Un saluto al convegno pp. Risultati e prospettive, Firenze, Le Monnier, , p. Italian Bookshelf Francesco della storia, 2 e Dante e il francescanesimo.
Comprende scritti ispirati a diverse metodologie, che affrontano questioni di eterogenea natura. Altro che lacuna ancora non colmata, come sostiene Paolazzi. In La poesia di Dante. Da Croce a Contini pp. Italian Bookshelf ricostruzione, sincronia esecutiva senza coscienza diacronica. In seguito si registrarono interventi di altri autori, tra cui un professore dello Studio patavino, Paolo Beni, che si distinse per la sua opera degrinatoria nei riguardi del poema dantesco.
Avviando il discorso dalla lettura di alcune significative lettere di Ippolito Pindemonte, Cristina Cappelletti Della prima e principale allegoria del poema di Dante. Nella Retorica della salvezza pp. Significativa la conclusione cui perviene lo studioso, atta a rilevare come anche alcuni numeri- chiave, legati alle lettere dei nomi, rivestano in Dante particolare significanza.
In Dante e i trovatori: qualche riflessione pp. Un rimatore piuttosto noto ai tempi di Dante fu Bonagiunta Orbicciani da Lucca, che oltre a figurare nella Commedia viene ricordato anche nel De Vulgari Eloquentia. Aldo Menichetti Bonagiunta e lo Stilnovo, pp. Viene analizzato accuratamente un codice risalente al terzo decennio del Cinquecento, redatto su esplicita richiesta di Bembo; si tratta del ms.
Le trasposizioni di Dante dal cinema muto alla televisione di Roberto Benigni pp. Mentre per quanto riguarda la trasposizione televisiva della Commedia vengono illustrati i lavori di Prosperi e Cottafavi, di Peter Greenway per Channel 4, per concludere 4 Cfr. Carte di esilio e viaggi di carta , Roma, Salerno Editrice, , pp. Con una corrispondenza inedita Pound-Montale di Carla Riccardi pp.
Giuseppe De Marco, independent scholar Margherita Datini. Letters to Francesco Datini. Carolyn James and Antonio Pagliaro. Iris Origo brilliantly quarried the Cesare Guasti edition of the Prato archives in order to write her Merchant of Prato: Francesco di Marco Datini, following which there were at least three Italian editions of the letters exchanged between the bourgeois merchant of Prato and his noble but initially illiterate wife, Margherita.
As with John and Margaret Paston, the letters of Francesco di Marco Datini and Margherita are written during their absences from each other, Datini and Margherita playing box and cox between Prato, Pistoia and Florence while needing to provision at least two households at once, at the same time that Datini is constructing a third. A constant relay is set up of persons and animals horses, mules, oxen, which at time need doctoring to transport these letters and the various objects, including laundry , all events which they so carefully inventory.
Italian Bookshelf As an example, in time of plague she writes from Florence to Prato pp. I also believe you would be better off where I am now. About bringing your things here, you should bring just the things that are necessary. I would bring flour and other things a little at a time. I think I left my rings in the chest where the pillow covers are at the time when Agnolo died. May God have mercy on him. Send them to me, and send us a good quantity of the almonds there.
After Nanni had left, a packet of letters came from the bank, and we received a letter from Vieri Guadagni. The letters are together with this one. I will explain to Vieri why you did not answer him. I will forward the letters to you either with Nanni or with someone else. Try to conclude your business and come as soon as you can, for the good of yourself and those who are with you.
You can see that the situation might change from one hour to the next. If anyone should fall ill, you would be trapped there. I am very pleased you sent back Agostino. I wish I had learned virtuous ways from you in the same way I learned to write long letters! I will say no more. May God protect you. She is perennially concerned for her workaholic husband, his obsession with amassing wealth and his nervousness, and she seeks to both solace and correct him with religious teaching. It is clear that literacy and the reading from the Books of Hours go hand in hand — both for herself and young girls under their roof p.
He is much older than she, a bourgeois, marrying in Avignon in his forties the sixteen-year-old wife in a family of noble exiles from Florence. They have no children between them but they raise Ginevra, his illegitimate daughter by the slave Lucia and she is married lavishly. We know — beyond the pages of this book — that their friend, the notaio Ser Lapo Mazzei tells Datini to share the story of St.
Birgitta of Sweden with her. What we have is like a Flemish interior painting of a woman with a letter, but instead with Mediterranean produce in Tuscany, a window into a full-rounded culture. Names still extant today in Florence such as Mazzei and Guadagni, are in its pages. She is both wife and competent business partner. The Sword and the Pen. The interdisciplinary approach Eisenbichler takes is bold, lucid, and informed.
This approach frames the study and persuasively establishes the relevance of the poets under examination. The work significantly contributes to our understanding of the dialogue that existed between learned men and literate women in sixteenth-century Siena. Thus he reconstructs her authorial and personal portrait through historical documents, letters, and literary works dedicated to her. The political verve permeating her sonnets suggests a fierce, politically engaged spirit. By centering, on the one hand, on her poems and, on the other, on the ideological and cultural background that underpins her works, Eisenbichler affords his readers the pleasure of discovering a woman fully engaged on both the political and poetic fronts.
Italian Bookshelf and thoughtfulness that define his analysis provide an invaluable perspective on the Sienese cultural, literary, and historical landscape.
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By engaging in poetic discourses not only among themselves but also with their male counterparts, these women effectively re-drew the contours of the long tradition of masculine poetic dominance. Specialist and non-specialist alike owe particular thanks to him not just for breathing life into poets who share the same culture, hopes, and ideals, but also especially for translating into English their Italian poems. Elegant, accurate, and luminous, even through implied associations, the translations capture both imagery and meanings of the original poems.
Le Muse del Calvario. Angelo Grillo e la poesia dei benedettini cassinesi. Italian Bookshelf lo splendido sonetto del poeta andaluso A la memoria de la muerte y del Infierno rielabora un testo della prima maniera grilliana Boccaccio in America. Memoria del tempo Nevertheless a useful bibliography of primary and secondary sources does include all the references found in the various essays.
An appendix with the complete program of the International Boccaccio Conference follows the final section. In the spirit of full disclosure, I acknowledge that I have been a longtime member of the American Boccaccio Association, sponsor of the above- mentioned conference, and served for more than twenty years, starting in , as a regional representative for the organization. Ciabattoni, on the other hand, offers a comparatively sedate study, although not necessarily more scholarly.
Kleinhenz, well known for his wit and good humor, does not disappoint in the final essay of this initial trio. The first two deal extensively with medieval manuscript traditions relative to Boccaccio and are clearly intended for specialists. Migiel similarly warrants kudos for her excellent, close reading of Decameron 3. In like manner, Shepard offers a sensitive reading of Decameron 6. In conclusion, this handsomely edited volume attests to the vibrancy of Boccaccio studies in America and exemplifies one of the chief ways in which the Certaldese author will be celebrated during the septcentenary of his birth in Madison U.
La lingua di fuoco. Dante e la filosofia del linguaggio. In questo saggio, dal titolo La lingua di fuoco. Dietro la parola si nasconde un vissuto, che a sua volta si imprime nella parola. Per Dante, quindi, la parola non si limita a descrivere la cosa in quanto tale, ma ne esprime allo stesso tempo il sentimento che nasconde. Idee, queste, che Dante elucida, ovviamente nel De vulgari eloquentia. Lo Spirito Santo si manifesta agli apostoli sotto forma di lingue di fuoco, e gli ascoltatori arrivati da regioni differenti si sentono annunciare la gloria di Dio, ciascuno nel suo idioma materno.
Il miracolo della Pentecoste, la divisio linguarum, appare come il momento finale dopo una lunga parentesi di peccato. Da questa affermazione, quindi, prende spunto il titolo stesso del saggio di Gambale. Desire in Dante and the Middle Ages. Oxford: Legenda, As set forth in the introduction, the papers were written not only by Dante specialists such as Giuseppe Ledda and Fabio Camilletti, but also by experts of other disciplines, such as art history Peter Dent and philosophy Paola Ureni , and by scholars working in other languages, such as French Bill Burgwinkle , German Almut Suerbaum and Annette Volfing and Latin Monika Otter.
The result is an interdisciplinary collection that focuses on the different notions of desire in the Middle Ages as seen in various fields that also encompass language, sexuality and subjectivity. Is it a losing of the self, or rather the discovery of a new and different one? Nevertheless, whatever the answer is, this experience does not remove the existence of desire itself. In fact, even though desire can be influenced by a meeting with the Divine, it never disappears; it represents a permanent goal, more or less evident in the different texts analyzed in this first part.
According to Burgwinkle, love represents for Dante a vital force, as it did for his predecessors Arnaut Daniel and Sordello. The four essays in Part 2, contributed by Peter Dent, Robert Sturges, Paola Ureni, and Marguerite Waller, concentrate on senses and intellect and on how they can be combined in order to generate desire.
Here, desire is identified as the result of a corporeal process — a process of the senses — and as something related to the field of knowledge. Finally, the five essays in Part 3 explore how desire and textuality can be linked to each other. In other words, desire and language are two inseparable entities, especially when it comes to the language of desire. According to Southerden, Petrarch is a poet who often denies the possibility of reaching God through poetry, of being reconciled to Him.
To sum up, the volume is well organized and presents a wide array of contributors with varied specializations. The collection benefits from its focus on Dante as well as on the broader medieval context. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, Extensive notes , a substantial bibliography , and a useful index conclude the volume. Next, the fundamental role of ingenium needs to be associated with two other key concepts: reason and nature.
In fact, throughout their study, the Grudins point out that just as for Cicero, so for Boccaccio, too, rhetoric is essential for the building of a well-governed society — an important observation for the proper assessment of some very long tales or long speeches within the tales. In the next ten chapters, as well as in the conclusion, the Grudins refine this succinct reading of the entire masterpiece.
For, in fact, the tales of the first nine days record and chronicle the ongoing, pervasive, overall destruction of the old order, namely, of the medieval world and life view: a thesis which I support wholeheartedly. Dino S. Creating Magnificence in Renaissance Florence.
Toronto: Center for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, He was known for his wealth and his patronage of building projects in Florence. Italian Bookshelf the author relocates the origins of Florentine public discourse on magnificence by focusing on the years between , a full thirty years earlier than other scholars. He argues that Florentines were learning that magnificence was a virtue, and that this view was influenced by mendicant preachers who worked with medieval texts and who influenced wealthy patrons in guiding them in their donations for building projects.
Howard asserts that the very shape of Florence was related directly to preaching. Magnificence was a virtue of action, an action which required spending great sums of money to build imposing projects such as churches, chapels, hospices for pilgrims, hospitals and palaces that reflected the status of its leading citizens.
And it was the rich and powerful who could exercise the virtue and express their wealth for the common good and the glory of God. Aristotelian aesthetics had been gradually absorbed into Tuscan culture and the language of Aquinas was appropriated for sermons. Public speeches, including sermons defined, reinforced or created a shared culture for all the citizens, not just the privileged few or the literate.
Chapter 3 explores the textual materials and doctrinal traditions preachers drew on. Antoninus glossed St.
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Paul and drew on an array of examples from the Bible and proverbs to prepare his sermons. He adopted the work as a moral guide for expressing magnificence which was voiced in the piazzas and churches. The mendicant orders depended on the generosity of their wealthy patrons and had to court them. Antoninus had to deal with issues surrounding patronage at a time when Florence was undergoing an ecclesiastical building boom. The textual resources available to preachers allowed them to construct a theology of magnificence. Italian Bookshelf Sermons would appeal to local pride and generosity and stir the citizenry to action.
Several times Howard reminds the reader that there are no written accounts of how an audience reacted to sermons. What is lacking is what today we would call reception studies. There are, however, lists of the prominent and influential people who packed the churches to hear the sermons. Chapter 5 analyzes the Summa and its sources and the exempla that had direct references for wealthy patrons such as the Rucellai, who were in the midst of elaborate construction projects.
John and St. Antoninus excerpted material from this source, excluded references to Venice, and revised and edited the book to suit his purposes to address the needs of the Florentines. He is presented as cultural translator distilling, reclassifying, concretizing, and circulating ideas. The authority of ecclesiastical office gave power to his words. For the author, the years were the crucial decades during which a splendid Florence was created.
By the end of the s, however, magnificence had ceased to be an expression of virtue and became the display of vanity against which Savonarola, another Dominican friar, preached a few decades later. Italian Bookshelf Timothy Kircher. This monograph centers — as the title suggests — on Leon Battista Alberti and particularly his views on and approaches to virtue, but does not treat Alberti in isolation. The following two chapters treat humanist friendship in Alberti Ch. The final chapter returns more specifically to the issue of irony, outlining other ways of discussing virtue in Valla and in later Florentine humanism, including Poliziano.
This learned book is valuable for a number of important features, including its close reading of a whole range of Albertian texts rather than engaging in the usual near-exclusive concentration on the Della famiglia, which has plagued Anglophone scholarship on Alberti. It employs a considerable bibliography, including secondary sources in Italian and English to a lesser extent, also in French and German , and must be commended for offering transcriptions of the original sources both Latin and Italian , all of which are rendered into English.
Alberti privileges literature and poetry vs. But the relationship of these disciplines is not altogether straightforward. His practice of irony provided the focus on the ethical primacy of living over reading [ Italian Bookshelf particularly given that Kircher e. The answer appears to be that most humanists were enamored of booklearning, scholarship, erudition and Latinity, and saw these along with the cultivation of rhetoric as the foundation of ethics.
And, if one is referring to contemporary philosophical assumptions, would it not be appropriate to discuss the stance of the scholastics, who are strangely absent from the book? How is happiness attained?
What is [the] importance of wealth, health, or political power? A slightly different question is one of methodology. Genipatro in Theogenius. Would their complexity not have been clearer by allowing the multiplicity of voices and possibilities to stand? Smaller points could be raised: translations and transcriptions are not always the most accurate; the argument is overwrought and could have been made more clearly and concisely; one might have expected a greater use of the critical literature available on Renaissance moral philosophy including Luca Bianchi, Jill Kraye, and Amedeo Quondam.
It is a poignant reminder of the close interconnection between literature and morals, and of the value of examining the two in tandem. This is a useful challenge to academic disciplines that tend to focus on one or the other language, without giving proper attention to their interrelationships. Italian Bookshelf but was of significant interest also to scholastics, literary men, political leaders, courtiers, and many others. David A. New Worlds and the Italian Renaissance. Contributions to the History of European Intellectual Culture.
Brill Studies in Intellectual History. Leiden: Brill, This volume brings together expanded versions of papers originally delivered at a Yale graduate conference in Twelve contributions by, for the most part, rising young scholars explore paradigmatic shifts in the intellectual climate of the Age of Discovery. Mazzotta traces the shift towards the kind of subjective individualism which has traditionally been associated with the emergence of secular modernity in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries back to the years leading up to and immediately following the discovery of the Americas.
Italian Bookshelf critics, Komorowski advances an inclusive view of civic humanism which looks beyond the narrow confines of Florentine republicanism. More than just political grandstanding, he argues, humanist panegyrics served as diplomatic missives, advertising, and petitioning for collaboration between neighboring city-states. Adroitly jumping from film criticism to literary history, from Olmi to Aretino, Leisawitz draws provocative analogies between two cultures at the crossroads of technological innovation. The section concludes with a study by Jason Taylor that closely compares how Machiavelli and Livy each weighed the political utility of religion.
Like many of the contributors in this volume, Stark perceives shifts within Quattrocento humanism that anticipate the emergence of modernity a century later. The two concluding essays of the volume are literary in focus. Italian Bookshelf body of the text in their original language, pushing their translations down to the footnotes. The sheer volume of Latin passages is overwhelming, and interrupts the flow of his otherwise fluid prose. As the editors make clear in their introduction, the papers contained within New Worlds and the Italian Renaissance offer suggestive, though not definitive approaches to study the early modern Italy.
A number of strong contributions from emerging scholars will make this an attractive volume for specialists from a variety of disciplines, and bodes well for the future of Renaissance scholarship in general. Sara E. Conquista, cittadinanza e conflitto nei Discorsi sopra la prima deca di Tito Livio. Roma: Bulzoni Editore Italian Bookshelf ascolto, il successo gli sarebbe stato tributato dalle opere dei repubblicani inglesi, pubblicate dopo la vittoria di Cromwell, e dal filone del pensiero illuministico francese che giunge sino a Colbert, attento a valutare la forza degli stati in base al numero dei cittadini Quali sono le tesi machiavelliane che si discostano dalla trattatistica politica umanistica?
I letterati si affidavano alla citazione rassicurante, tratta dal Bellum Iugurthinum di Sallustio, secondo cui nella concordia i piccoli stati crescono, mentre per effetto della discordia persino i grandi decadono Invece di proseguire la tradizione teorica di Aristotele, Platone, Senofonte, Cicerone, Seneca, rompendo con il repubblicanesimo classico e gli umanisti, Machiavelli estrae il sapere pratico riposto nelle storie antiche Central Milton Keynes: AuthorHouse, Italian Bookshelf per la cogenza con cui ricostruisce una ricorrenza tematica e strutturale nel poema. Italian Bookshelf questa intuizione circa la struttura del Paradiso, Priest intuisce che tutto il resto del poema procede con lo stesso ordine.
Questi canti riflettono il Padre in quanto essi offrono la fondazione del regno infernale, e riflettono anche il Figlio in quanto presentano peccati corporali. Se passiamo ai canti vediamo che ira ed eresia riflettono lo Spirito. Quindi tutta la cantica riflette la matrice trinitaria anticipata dalle tre bestie, alla base del viaggio, possiamo dire, e poi verificata alla fine del viaggio, da dove il tutto ha principio.
Questo sistema si ripete per le tre cantiche, rispettando in un modo ineccepibile la natura trinitaria del poema. Per il momento posso dire che questa prima lettura mi dispone in modo positivo a valutare le prove offerte da Priest. Dobbiamo essere grati a Paul Priest per questo nobile sforzo. Elissa B. James Wyatt Cook. Toronto: Iter Inc. Il libro curato da Elissa Weaver combina questi due filoni di ricerca, queste due correnti degli studi sul teatro dal Medioevo al Settecento fornendo in versione bilingue i lavori teatrali di Antonia Pulci, la prima donna autrice di sacre rappresentazioni.
Attraverso una precisa ricostruzione documentaria, la studiosa prova che la famiglia originaria della scrittrice fu quella dei Tanini. Importante anche il bel lavoro di traduzione di James Wyatt Cook che ha dovuto affrontare, aiutato dai suggerimenti della curatrice, il non facile compito di rendere in inglese la ritmatissima, a volte quasi cantilenante, ottava fiorentina.
I quattro testi in questa edizione sono quelli riconosciuti come di Antonia Pulci. In questo finale giustamente Weaver nota i debiti con una sacra rappresentazione del marito di Antonia, Bernardo Pulci, e la sua Rapprersentazione di Barlaam e Josafat. Sempre molto acutamente, Weaver fa notare come queste storie appartengano a una cultura romanza tipica delle sacre rappresentazioni.
A cura di Sonia Maffei. Testo stabilito da Paolo Procaccioli. Italian Bookshelf situation. Moreover, considering that the great success of the Iconologia came to a sudden halt at the end of the eighteenth century but had a second and rich life beginning in , it is understandable why its originality, value, role and function have undergone many different interpretation.
Thus the close look at the authorial intentions and achievements which this edition provides should be most appreciated. The Iconologia was first published in and issued again in The second edition appeared in and has illustrations and several additions to the prose text. They were all produced or supervised by the author, yet the edition included some illustrations and texts attributable to other authors.
There were 18 new posthumous editions in the seventeenth century and 15 in the eighteenth century, the last one appearing in Amsterdam in It was translated into the major European languages. Faced with this unstable situation, the decision of using the first edition as the basis for the new one seems to be the correct and the wise choice. Thus the best option remains the one taken by Maffei and Procaccioli. Italian Bookshelf foresee was that this openness would invite interpolation and cuts on the part of the editors and publishers in the course of time.
Ultimately, as Maffei maintains, the responsibility for this outcome rests not so much on the nature of the language Ripa wanted to create, but rather on the way in which he formulated it. Maffei shows us that Ripa stands at the peak of two Renaissance trends of using symbolism and allegory, that is, a synthetic and an analytic way of representing reality, a combination perfectly achieved by his icons.
The symbolic aspect is an abstract idea that can attain universal understanding through pictorial means; thus, for example, to most people a man in chains means prison or serfdom, whereas the allegorical meaning is not intuitive but can be understood through historical knowledge.
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Indeed a chain can be an attribute of matrimonial obligations, of friendship, and other liaisons, but only the combination with other elements or attributes establishes its meaning. Iconologia combines several rich Renaissance trends. Italian Bookshelf botany. Another is the combination of image and words found in robust genres such as emblems, stemmas, coins, medals, and hieroglyphics, all genres that Maffei surveys with magisterial competence. In these genres words and image complement each other, whereas in Ripa they integrate each other: words describe what eyes see or are guided to see, and images embody exactly what words mean.
Ripa, as Maffei proves, was not an expert in classical literature or art, but he drew most of his classical quotations from repertories of commonplaces. The abstract quality of the icons with their aura of antiquity was the key to the enormous success of the Iconologia, but ultimately it caused it to fall into disrepute. That moment came when Winkelmann in an essay of wanted to demonstrate that Ripa did not merit such a high regard as an expert of ancient art; in fact he was a mediocre dilettante. Sonia Maffei — who has already written an impressive volume on Ripa Le radici antiche dei simboli.
The commentary reconstructs piece by piece the way in which Ripa found and used his learning; also, it identifies the painters and the authors who made use of his suggestions. To track down sources — especially if quoted indirectly or, even worse, wrongly — is always a difficult and laborious task, and it is an area where only great erudition can make strides. Italian Bookshelf and emblematic literature both combine images and words , not to mention her detailed knowledge of ancient and modern art. So much erudition does not distract from her intelligent insights into problems of poetics and questions of mythology or history, which continuously surface in her commentary.
Thanks to an exemplary combination of erudition and critical intelligence, Sonia Maffei brings to light the real Iconologia, its experimentation with a new language, erudition, and unique ability to appeal to a vast public for centuries to come. The learned world can today be thankful to her for being able to read this unique work as the author intended. Much gratitude goes also to Paolo Procaccioli, an excellent philologist, who guaranties the accuracy of the text using philological judgment in making some well justified emendations and slightly updating its orthography.
Procaccioli provides a list and bibliographic description of all the editions published before , adding in each case indication of the world libraries where they can be consulted. Sonia Maffei creates the indexes which facilitate the consultation of this edition. We must thank the two experts who have made this miraculous revival possible. The authors state in the Preface that they wanted to offer these two fundamental texts in new dual-language translations for anyone who is interested in the history of theatre, opera, entertainment, or pastoral poetry.
Poliziano Angelo Ambrogini 94 was the author of the first non-religious dramatic piece in Italian theatrical literature? This work was not translated into English until by Elizabeth Bassett Welles, who used unrhymed iambic pentameter. Although Tasso claimed it was hastily written, Aminta quickly established itself as one of the masterpieces of Italian theatre of the Renaissance. As Brand points out, pastoral drama could easily be performed with music, song and dance, and it did not need elaborate stage settings. The suspense was maintained by reports about the lovers, and the audience was further entertained by references to contemporary figures of the court.
According to Andrews, both works heralded the foundation of spoken-language theatre in Europe and drama expressed through music. Aminta set the model for pastoral drama with five acts and the use of a chorus. The group which called itself the Florentine Camerata began to speculate on musical delivery during the performance of Greek drama, and hence spurred the innovations that led to opera. Passages from five-act plays were often set to music. Italian Bookshelf music and sung as arias.
Andrews traces the trajectory of opera through Dafne, first performed privately in and revised in , with music written by Jacopo Peri and Jacopo Corsi, to future documented operas which addressed the story of Orpheus, who would forever be linked to opera for his musical prowess. Useful footnotes explain who the speakers are and identify the mythological characters, making this translation accessible to even beginning students.
Especially successful is the rollicking and visceral translation of the Bacchantes chorus in Orfeo. The book succeeds in bringing these two important Italian works to new light, using faithful and readable facing-page translations. This dual-language edition would be useful to students of Italian and to students of translation as well as to anyone interested in the development of opera and drama.
Through the informative essays and the rhyming translations that try to reproduce the lyricism of the originals, it shows how the pastoral provided a framework for the way drama could be presented on the stage, and how humanistic interest in mythology led to profane rather than religious works that could thus be considered, as the title states, overtures to the opera.
Armour and Masculinity in the Italian Renaissance. Toronto: Toronto University Press, Italian Bookshelf culture. Rhymes of Love. Maria Pastore Passaro. Ottawa: Legas, Nel testo della Pastore Passaro sono raccolte esattamente poesie suddivise in tre parti. La prima parte 73 poesie, considerando la doppia variante della numero XXVIII contiene le rime dedicate a Lucrezia Bendidio, che Tasso conobbe nel a Padova quando lui aveva diciannove anni e Lucrezia quindici.
Thorofare NJ : Xlibris, Robert M. Every year one or more translations of the original Italian poem appears in English — without counting the numerous translations in other languages. Torrance joins the competitive race with his Italian and English parallel text edition of a new translation in terza rima. In his preface Torrance observes rightly that he views terza rima as an essential aspect of the poem, and that no poetic translation can possibly aim to be literal. As to aids for his own translation, he cites three English versions among those he had access to, namely, those of John D.
Sinclair, Charles S. Singleton, and Carlyle-Okey- Wicksteed. As stated in his short introductory sections, Torrance makes indeed a diligent attempt at preserving the metric and rhythmic patterns of the poem by rigorously laying down ten syllables per line in an overall iambic pentameter pattern. One of the chief differences between Italian and English is that the former lends itself to the bel canto and dolce stile thanks to its rich and short syllabic patterns, while the latter in this regard offers a parsimonious and long- patterned inventory of the same.
As a result, the most conspicuous and re- sounding effect derived from these two language systems is the different way in which the morphemes and, most importantly, the phonemes in the two idioms are created and function. In the case in question, the effectiveness of terza rima appears to wear out very soon, and the reader is made to overhear the percussions, in the back of the orchestra, as it were, creep heavily into the symphonic beat generating dissonance rather than boosting it — to make use of a musical metaphor. There are even fewer cases in the history of the English language, which fact reinforces the different language model one ought to deal with.
The partial off-rhymes at the end of Canto 21, however, yield a more felicitous result. These two elements, however — the subject matter and its depiction — do not quite coalesce in the English language, and the reader is left with a rather absolute and in many respects inflexible paradigm. Italian Bookshelf Inferno, the prosodic pattern, may be better endured within a less rigid mold that does away with the teasing rhyme and frees the meter. Weinberg and E. Ann Matter, eds. Written in fifteenth century Italy, the Ogdoas is a minor work by a lesser-known author who nevertheless shows interest in themes treated by the major humanists in their well-known works during this time: the role of morality in the political sphere; the place of virtue in civic life and activity; the state of contemporary peninsular politics; and local history.
Very little is known about the author himself, but our editors provide some information about biography and context. According to Carla P. Ann Matter, Alberto Alfieri fl. In his prologue, however, Alfieri indicates that he was born in the district of Vercelli and, thus, that he was also a Milanese citizen. Gabriele Maria has recently been executed by the French governor Boucicaut; it is his arrival in the afterlife that gives way to successive dialogues with souls from the Visconti family.
The topic of their discussions centers on the virtuous and just leader and how this conduct leads to eternal salvation. These encounters are preceded by a prologue in which Alfieri dedicates his work to Jacopo Adorno, the Consul of Caffa. The treatment of themes such as education, morality, justice, and salvation is indeed quite superficial and is generally comprised of insufficient verbal exchanges between the Visconti family members.
Alfieri clearly wrote with the expectation that the family would bestow favors upon him. Without such translations, scholarship in this field risks becoming limited and biased, and so the inclusion of minor works in this corpus is welcome. Italian Bookshelf period.