The Mentality of a (Wo)Man!
Talk to other people who know her to get other perspectives. They might be able to shed light on why she acts, thinks, or talks the way she does. Why does she get so annoyed whenever the topic of parrots comes up? Try to put yourself in her shoes. Developing a strong sense of empathy is an important part of understanding any person. Try to imagine yourself in her circumstances. Ask yourself what you would think and feel in the same situation. Educate yourself about the unique issues women face. Even if you live in a society where the genders are legally and socially considered equal, men and women deal with their own unique problems and challenges.
For example, you might read articles, books, or opinion pieces about issues such as the differences in how men and women are treated by medical personnel or the challenges that women face in the workplace. If a woman complains about the challenges and frustrations of being female, resist the urge to get defensive or dismissive. Keep an open mind and try to see things from her perspective.
Put away your phone and other distractions, and really listen to what she has to say. Follow up what she says with questions. Take an active interest in the things she cares about. Look for ways to participate in some of her favorite hobbies. This could be as simple as watching her favorite show with her or joining her occasionally when she plays her favorite video game.
Avoid making accusations or jumping to conclusions during arguments. This will put her on the defensive and will make it harder for you to see her perspective and resolve the situation. Instead, communicate with her about how you feel and calmly and respectfully ask her to explain her behavior. Why did you say that? Get in touch with your own thoughts and feelings. It may seem strange, but understanding yourself better can make it easier for you to understand your partner. Just notice and name them. I worry that I might lose her. My shoulders get tense and my heart races. How can I understand what makes her sad?
She always says that I never understand. Katy Linsao. When I see her and talk to her, it's all good. She hugs me and kisses me goodby. Then she texts me and acts like we are just friends. What is going on? I really like a married woman but I don't know how to seduce her. What can I do? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Related wikiHows Edit. Chloe Carmichael, PhD. This article was co-authored by Chloe Carmichael, PhD. Women also reported a more intense and more frequent experience of affect, joy, and love but also experienced more embarrassment, guilt, shame, sadness, anger, fear, and distress. Experiencing pride was more frequent and intense for men than for women. Women also reported more fear in situations that involved "a male's hostile and aggressive behavior "  In anger-eliciting situations, women communicated more intense feelings of anger than men.
Women also reported more intense feelings of anger in relation to terrifying situations, especially situations involving a male protagonist. Women have been reported to be more responsive to this. Women are stereotypically more emotional and men are stereotypically angrier. Results from a study conducted by Robinson and colleagues implied that gender stereotypes are more influential when judging others' emotions in a hypothetical situation. There are documented differences in socialization that could contribute to sex differences in emotion and to differences in patterns of brain activity.
An American Psychological Association article states that, "boys are generally expected to suppress emotions and to express anger through violence , rather than constructively". A child development researcher at Harvard University argues that boys are taught to shut down their feelings, such as empathy, sympathy and other key components of what is deemed to be pro-social behavior.
According to this view, differences in emotionality between the sexes are theoretically only socially-constructed, rather than biological. On the other hand, women cry more than men in wealthier, more democratic, and feminine countries . Context also determines a man or woman's emotional behavior.
Context-based emotion norms, such as feeling rules or display rules, "prescribe emotional experience and expressions in specific situations like a wedding or a funeral ", independent of the person's gender. In situations like a wedding or a funeral, the activated emotion norms apply to and constrain every person in the situation.
Gender differences are more pronounced when situational demands are very small or non-existent as well as in ambiguous situations. During these situations, gender norms "are the default option that prescribes emotional behavior" Scientists in the field [ which? These researchers concluded that women and men experience the same amount of emotion, but that women are more likely to express their emotions.
Women are known to have anatomically differently shaped tear glands than men as well as having more of the hormone prolactin , which is present in tear glands, as adults. While girls and boys cry at roughly the same amount at age 12, by age 18, women generally cry four times more than men, which could be explained by higher levels of prolactin. Women show significantly greater activity in the left amygdala when encoding and remembering emotionally disturbing pictures such as mutilated bodies .
Men and women tend to use different neural pathways to encode stimuli into memory. While highly emotional pictures were remembered best by all participants in one study, as compared to emotionally neutral images, women remembered the pictures better than men. This study also found greater activation of the right amygdala in men and the left amygdala in women.
Women also show more consistency between individuals for the areas of the brain activated by emotionally disturbing images. A worldwide survey by the Pew Research Center found that overall women stated that they were somewhat happier than men with their lives. Compared to the previous report five years earlier women more often reported progress with their lives while men were more optimistic about the future. Women were more concerned about home and family issues than men who were more concerned about issues outside the home.
Men were happier than women regarding family life and more optimistic regarding the children's future. Research has shown that women are more likely than men to use emoticons in text messaging. Meta-analysis on sex differences of moral orientation have found that women tend towards a more care based morality while men tend towards a more justice based morality. Childhood conduct disorder and adult antisocial personality disorder as well as substance use disorders are more common in men. Many mood disorders , anxiety disorders , and eating disorders are more common in women. One explanation is that men tend to externalize stress while women tend to internalize it.
Gender differences vary to some degree for different cultures. One study found little empirical support for several proposed explanations, including biological ones, and argued that when depressed women tend to ruminate which may lower the mood further while men tend to distract themselves with activities. This may develop from women and men being raised differently. Men and women do not differ on their overall rates of psychopathology; however, certain disorders are more prevalent in women, and vice versa.
Women have higher rates of anxiety and depression internalizing disorders and men have higher rates of substance abuse and antisocial disorders externalizing disorders. It is believed that divisions of power and the responsibilities set upon each sex are critical to this predisposition. Namely, women earn less money than men do, they tend to have jobs with less power and autonomy, and women are more responsive to problems of people in their social networks.
These three differences can contribute to women's predisposition to anxiety and depression. It is suggested that socializing practices that encourage high self-regard and mastery would benefit the mental health of both women and men. One study interviewed 18, respondents, aged 18 and over, about 15 phobic symptoms.
These symptoms would yield diagnoses based on criteria for agoraphobia, social phobia, and simple phobia. Women had significantly higher prevalence rates of agoraphobia and simple phobia; however, there were no differences found between men and women in social phobia.
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The most common phobias for both women and men involved spiders, bugs, mice, snakes, and heights. The biggest differences between men and women in these disorders were found on the agoraphobic symptoms of "going out of the house alone" and "being alone", and on two simple phobic symptoms, involving the fear of "any harmless or dangerous animal" and "storms", with relatively more women having both phobias.
There were no differences in the age of onset, reporting a fear on the phobic level, telling a doctor about symptoms, or the recall of past symptoms. One study interviewed 2, people in Detroit, aged 18—45, seeking to explain gender differences in exposure to traumatic events and in the development or emergence of post traumatic stress disorder following this exposure. It was found that lifetime prevalence of traumatic events was a little higher in men than in women.
However, following exposure to a traumatic event, the risk for PTSD was two times higher in women. It is believed this difference is due to the greater risk women have of developing PTSD after a traumatic event that involved assaultive violence. The duration of PTSD is longer in women, as well. Women and men are both equally likely at developing symptoms of schizophrenia, but the onset occurs earlier for men.
It has been suggested that sexually dimorphic brain anatomy, the differential effects of estrogens and androgens, and the heavy exposure of male adolescents to alcohol and other toxic substances can lead to this earlier onset in men. It is believed that estrogens have a protective effect against the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Although, it has been shown that other factors can contribute to the delayed onset and symptoms in women, estrogens have a large effect, as can be seen during a pregnancy. In pregnancy, estrogen levels are rising in women, so women who have had recurrent acute episodes of schizophrenia did not usually break down. However, after pregnancy, when estrogen levels have dropped, women tend to suffer from postpartum psychoses.
Also, psychotic symptoms are exacerbated when, during the menstrual cycle, estrogen levels are at their lowest. In addition, estrogen treatment has yielded beneficial effects in patients with schizophrenia. Pathological gambling has been known to have a higher prevalence rate, , in men to women.
One study chose to identify gender-related differences by examining male and female gamblers, who were using a gambling helpline. There was calls placed, and of this amount, Male gamblers were more likely to report problems with strategic forms of gambling blackjack or poker , and female gamblers were more likely to report problems with nonstrategic forms, such as slots or bingo. Male gamblers were also more likely to report a longer duration of gambling than women.
Female gamblers were more likely to report receiving mental health treatment that was not related to gambling. Male gamblers were more likely to report a drug problem or being arrested on account of gambling. There were high rates of debt and psychiatric symptoms related to gambling observed in both groups of men and women. There are also differences regarding gender and suicide. Males in Western societies are much more likely to die from suicide despite females having more suicide attempts.
The " extreme male brain theory " views autism and the Asperger syndrome as an extreme version of male-female differences regarding "systemizing" and empathizing abilities. Females tend to have a greater basal capacity to exert inhibitory control over undesired or habitual behaviors than males and respond differently to modulatory environmental contextual factors. Psychological traits can vary between the sexes through sex-linkage.
That is to say, what causes a trait may be related to the chromosomal sex of the individual. They may be caused by genes on either autosomal or sex chromosomes. Evidence exists that there are sex-linked differences between the male and female brain. Epigenetic changes have also been found to cause sex-based differentiation in the brain. Differences in socialization of males and females may decrease or increase the size of sex differences. When it comes to the brain there are many similarities but also a number of differences in structure, neurotransmitters, and function.
Though statistically there are sex differences in white matter and gray matter percentage, this ratio is directly related to brain size, and some argue these sex differences in gray and white matter percentage are caused by the average size difference between men and women. In a meta-analysis, researchers found on average males had larger grey matter volume in bilateral amygdalae, hippocampi , anterior parahippocampal gyri , posterior cingulate gyri , precuneus , putamen and temporal poles , areas in the left posterior and anterior cingulate gyri , and areas in the cerebellum bilateral VIIb, VIIIa and Crus I lobes, left VI and right Crus II lobes.
Amber Ruigrok's meta-analysis also found greater grey matter density in the average male left amygdala, hippocampus, insula, pallidum , putamen, claustrum and right cerebellum. According to the neuroscience journal review series Progress in Brain Research , it has been found that males have larger and longer planum temporale and Sylvian fissure while females have significantly larger proportionate volumes to total brain volume in the superior temporal cortex , Broca's area , the hippocampus and the caudate.
In the cerebral cortex, it has been observed that there is greater intra -lobe neural communication in male brains and greater inter -lobe between the left and right hemispheres of the cerebral cortex neural communication in female brains. In the cerebellum, the region of the brain that plays an important role in motor functions , males showed higher connectivity between hemispheres, and females showed higher connectivity within hemispheres. This potentially provides a neural basis for previous studies that showed sex-specific difference in certain psychological functions.
Females on average outperform males on emotional recognition and nonverbal reasoning tests, while males outperform females on motor and spatial cognitive tests. In the work of  Szalkai et al. For example, women's connectome has more edges, higher minimum bipartition width, larger eigengap , greater minimum vertex cover than that of men. The minimum bipartition width or the minimum balanced cut see Cut graph theory is a well-known measure of quality of computer multistage interconnection networks , it describes the possible bottlenecks in network communication: the higher this value is, the better is the network.
The larger eigengap shows that the female connectome is a better expander graph than the connectome of males. The better expanding property, the higher minimum bipartition width and the greater minimum vertex cover show deep advantages in network connectivity in the case of female braingraph. Szalkai et al. Testosterone appears to be a major contributing factor to sexual motivation in male primates, including humans.
The elimination of testosterone in adulthood has been shown to reduce sexual motivation in both male humans and male primates. Men involved in polyamorous relationships display higher levels of testosterone than men involved in either a single partner relationship or single men. Research on the ovulatory shift hypothesis explores differences in female mate preferences across the ovulatory cycle. Non-pill using heterosexual females who are ovulating high levels of estrogens were shown to have a preference for the scent of males with low levels of fluctuating asymmetry.
A meta-analysis of 58 studies concluded that there was no evidence to support this theory. Fundamental sex differences in genetics, hormones and brain structure and function may manifest as distal cultural phenomena e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main articles: Gender identity and Causes of transsexuality. This section relies too much on references to primary sources. Please improve this section by adding secondary or tertiary sources. November Learn how and when to remove this template message.
See also: Gender roles in childhood. Main article: Sex differences in intelligence. See also: Sex differences in human memory. Main article: Sex linkage. This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. July Learn how and when to remove this template message.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. August Gender, Nature, and Nurture. NY: LEA. Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities 4th Edition. NY: Routledge. Sex differences in cognitive abilities 4 ed. London: Routledge.
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And, yes, the list absolutely includes good sex between partners.
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