Campaign 2010: The Making of the Prime Minister

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  1. Japan's prime minister Yukio Hatoyama resigns | World news | The Guardian
  2. British general election of 2010
  4. Japan's prime minister Yukio Hatoyama resigns

July 1, Tony Blair takes over the rotating presidency of the European Union.

Japan's prime minister Yukio Hatoyama resigns | World news | The Guardian

July 6, At its meeting in Singapore, the International Olympic Committee chooses London as the site of the Olympic Games to be held in summer July 7, In a coordinated terror attack late in the morning rush hour in London, bombs go off almost simultaneously on three subway trains and close to an hour later on a double-decker bus, leaving 56 dead, including the men carrying the bombs; a group affiliated with al-Qaeda claims responsibility. And it is hope that is the alternative to this hatred.

July 21, During the lunch hour in London, bombs in three subway trains and one double-decker bus fail to go off as only their detonators explode, creating panic but no casualties. July 28, In what is viewed as a turning point, the Irish Republican Army formally renounces the use of violence in Northern Ireland , telling its members to disarm and inviting inspection to verify its disarmament. March 1, On St. March 26, A ban on smoking in enclosed public places goes into effect in Scotland; it is the first such law in Great Britain. March 28, Local government workers in Great Britain stage a hour strike to protest a plan to raise the age at which a worker would be eligible to collect a full pension.

British general election of 2010

April 21, Queen Elizabeth II celebrates her 80th birthday. May 5, Prime Minister Tony Blair reshuffles his cabinet; among other changes, Charles Clark is replaced as home secretary by John Reid, and Jack Straw is replaced as foreign secretary by Margaret Beckett , the first woman to serve in that post. June 1, After meeting in Vienna, officials of the United States, Russia, China, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom agree to offer Iran a package of incentives in an attempt to resolve the nuclear crisis with that country.

July 8, The General Synod of the Church of England agrees to allow women for the first time to serve as bishops. July 12, Protestant parades take place peacefully in Northern Ireland, making it possible for the first time since for the army to remain off the streets while parades take place.

March 6. March 7, Voters in Northern Ireland go to the polls to elect a new legislative assembly. May 3, In a surprise announcement, the Ulster Volunteer Force , a Protestant paramilitary group in Northern Ireland, renounces violence. June 15, Information Commissioner Richard Thomas rules that the public is entitled to know general details of the expenses claimed by MPs on second homes the so-called Additional Costs Allowance , but he does not allow the release of itemized lists.

June 17, A ceremony is held in London to mark the 25th anniversary of the end of the Falkland Islands War between Britain and Argentina. June 29, Two Mercedes sedans that had been packed with explosives to make them into car bombs are discovered in London and defused by police. June 30, Two men drive a burning SUV through the doors of the Glasgow airport; the men are arrested and no one at the airport is injured, but it is assumed that this incident is connected with the discovery the day before of car bombs in London.

July 11, Four men who were convicted on July 9 of plotting the failed subway and bus bombings in London on July 21, , two weeks after a similar but successful attack, are sentenced to life in prison. Episcopal Church for departing from the Communion consensus in its acceptance of homosexuality and also criticizing conservative prelates for encouraging schism in the church.

Hamid Karzai; Afghanistan objected to the enlarged mandate planned for Ashdown. April 1, Defense Minister Desmond Browne announces that a planned drawdown of troops in southern Iraq will be postponed until the security situation in Basra can be stabilized. April 1, A new voluntary register comes into effect for MPs employing relatives; it is set to become required on August 1.

April 7, After a six-month investigation, a jury in England finds that the cause of the accident that killed Princess Diana and her companion, Dodi al-Fayed, was grossly negligent driving and that the paparazzi and the failure of either victim to wear a seat belt also contributed. May 28, Britain drops its opposition to a ban on cluster munitions, and in Dublin countries sign a draft agreement to eliminate such weapons. March 9, A police officer in Craigavon, N. March 23, Sir Christopher Kelly, chair of the Committee on Standards on Public Life, announces that he will launch an inquiry into taxpayer-funded expenses claimed by MPs; the inquiry would open on June April 30, A ceremony is held in Basra, Iraq, to observe the end of the British military mission in Iraq.

May 7, The Bank of England keeps the benchmark rate at 0. May 19, Michael Martin resigns as speaker of the British House of Commons in the burgeoning expense account scandal; he is the first person forced from that position since May 20, The British House of Lords suspends two members for soliciting bribes to change laws; it is the first time peers have been suspended since June 4, Labour captures June 27, The pro-British militias the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Red Hand Commando state that they have disarmed and put their weapons beyond use, an assertion that the government of Northern Ireland corroborates.

The decision had been announced by Scottish justice secretary Kenny McAskill and was criticized by the U. Andrews, Scot. The vote was prompted by a threatened legal injunction against the discriminatory policy by the Equality and Human Rights Commission. March 2, Ian Paisley , former Democratic Unionist Party leader and a member of Parliament since , announces that he will not seek reelection in March 6, The Scottish National Party kicks off its general election campaign.

March 9, The Northern Ireland Assembly approves the deal to devolve policing and justice powers to Northern Ireland. The Ulster Unionist Party voted against the agreement, though the vote in the assembly was overwhelmingly in favour 88— The powers would be devolved on April March 24, Alistair Darling, the chancellor of the Exchequer, unveils the preelection budget.

Alastair Stewart of ITV moderates the domestic-focused debate—the first-ever televised prime ministerial debate in British election campaign history. April 19, In the aftermath of his strong debate performance, Nick Clegg and his Liberal Democrats move into second place for the first time in a poll of polls. The Conservatives top the poll, with 33 percent, with the Liberal Democrats at 30 and Labour at 28 percent.

The debate is moderated by Adam Boulton. The event focuses primarily on the economy. May 6, British voters head to the polls in the general election of , delivering a hung Parliament for the first time since May 10, As negotiations continue between David Cameron and Nick Clegg on an agreement that would enable Cameron to become prime minister, Gordon Brown announces his intention to resign as Labour leader.

May 11, Gordon Brown announces that he will tender his resignation as prime minister to Queen Elizabeth II and will ask her to invite David Cameron to form a government. Cameron subsequently becomes prime minister of the United Kingdom—the youngest leader of the country since Nick Clegg of the Liberal Democrats becomes deputy prime minister. Although the term was used as early as the reign of Queen Anne —14 , it acquired wider currency during the reign of George II —60 , when it began to be used as a term of reproach toward Sir Robert Walpole.


The title of prime minister did not become official until , to refer to the leader of a government. The designations Whig and Tory tend often to be approximate. In all cases, the party designation is that of the prime minister; he might lead a coalition government, as did David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill in his first term. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. In the subsequent general election of , Labour won seats in the House of Commons and lost its majority. Brown stepped down as leader of the party and on May 11 tendered his resignation as prime minister.

In the British general election on May 6, , the Labour Party lost its majority in the House of Commons, finishing second to the Conservatives, but no party achieved a majority. Shortly thereafter Brown announced that he would be stepping down as Labour leader. On May 11,…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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Japan's prime minister Yukio Hatoyama resigns

Benjamin Disraeli 1st time. William Ewart Gladstone 1st time. Benjamin Disraeli , from , earl of Beaconsfield 2nd time. William Ewart Gladstone 2nd time. Robert Cecil , 3rd marquess of Salisbury 1st time. William Ewart Gladstone 3rd time. Robert Cecil , 3rd marquess of Salisbury 2nd time. William Ewart Gladstone 4th time. Archibald Philip Primrose , 5th earl of Rosebery. Robert Cecil , 3rd marquess of Salisbury 3rd time. Arthur James Balfour , from , 1st earl of Balfour. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman. Asquith , from , 1st earl of Oxford and Asquith.

Stanley Baldwin 1st time. Ramsay Macdonald 1st time.

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I knew we had to maintain a trusting relationship with the US at any cost. Although Hatoyama's resignation came sooner than expected, Japanese voters will find themselves in familiar territory, as another ruling party scrambles to appoint a new leader. Media reports said the Democrats would choose Hatoyama's successor on Friday. The acknowledged frontrunner is the finance minister, Naoto Kan , who earned a reputation for toughness when he took on bureaucrats over an HIV-tainted blood products scandal as Liberal Democratic party health minister in the mids.

Other possible successors include the foreign minister, Katsuya Okada, and Seiji Maehara, the transport minister.

But analysts expected the turmoil to delay key announcements on economic policy. Things could not get any worse after Hatoyama quits, given the current deadlock in many important issues. The potential unraveling of Japan's centre-left experiment comes less than a year after the Democrats ended more than half a century of almost uninterrupted rule by the conservative LDP. The government can at least take comfort in the fact that the LDP, riven by infighting and defections, is unlikely to mount a strong challenge in July's upper house elections.

Although they have a comfortable majority in the lower house, the Democrats needed to form a coalition with the People's New party and the left-wing Social Democratic party to secure a majority in the upper house and smoothe the passage of key legislation. The coalition began to crumble last week when Hatoyama sacked the Social Democrats' leader, Mizuho Fukushima, after she refused to sign off on the US air base deal.

Her party's subsequent decision to leave the government prompted senior figures in Hatoyama's party to pressure him to resign and give the Democrats a fighting chance next month. Ozawa, widely regarded as the most powerful figure in the government, will resign as the party's secretary general.