Cosmos & Culture: Cultural Evolution in a Cosmic Context (Illustrated)

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Contents

  1. Workshop: Worldviews and religiosity
  2. Navigation menu
  3. Cosmic Evolution
  4. 1. Introduction
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Workshop: Worldviews and religiosity

Even better would be if, taking into account the reactions you got at the seminar, you would elaborate your notes into a full paper, for our workshop archive. Heylighen, F. Self-organization of complex, intelligent systems : an action ontology for transdisciplinary integration.

Integral Review. Most ethical principles, religious or not, are based on wisdom acquired through a few millenia. This may seem a long time but once we take a cosmological perspective, even millenia are insignificant. The field of evolutionary ethics makes a big leap by embracing evolutionary time scales millions of years. Can we continue to extend our ethical reflections, principles and theories up to the 14 billion years of cosmic evolution? What is the ultimate good in the universe? Evolutionary ethics concludes that survival is the most important value.

But survival of what?


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How can we aim for infinite survival, that is, for immortality? We first outline evolutionary values e. Striving toward the ultimate good in the longest term, we then propose a voyage to five kinds of immortalities : spiritual, individual, creative, evolutionary and cosmic. We show how they are correlative to the definition and development of the self. Evolutionary, developmental and thermodynamical values promise to be robust ethical principles because proven through the wisdom of billion years of cosmic evolution. As an application, the age-old longing for immortality is reworked in a cosmological perspective.

Lupisella, Mark L. Steven J.

Cultural Evolution & the Origin of Faith - Dr Joseph Henrich

Dick and Mark L. Lupisella, Washington D. Robert A. Freitas Jr. I will analyse different conceptions of truth, from the Middle Ages to modern times, and will try to show that not explicitly refering to the Sacred Scripture or theology might not be enough to develop a truly non-theistic notion of truth, and as a consequence a non-theistic epistemology. If I have enough time, I'll try to explain briefly why this problem might be solved to be verified by contemporary 'formal ontology' a recently developed philosophical discipline operating in a field between logic and metaphysics.

Boulnois, J. After having worked on the epistemology and ontology of Spinoza for her Masters' Degree in the History of Philosophy ULB , she currently studies the concept of reason ratio in medieval philosophy. Her Ph. She's mainly interested in metaphysics, epistemology, ontology, the philosophy of the history of philosophy, and the science of religions. David R.


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Religious cosmology is an explanation of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe, from a religious perspective. This may include beliefs on origin in the form of a creation myth , subsequent evolution, current organizational form and nature, and eventual fate or destiny. There are various traditions in religion or religious mythology asserting how and why everything is the way it is and the significance of it all.

Navigation menu

Religious cosmologies describe the spatial lay-out of the universe in terms of the world in which people typically dwell as well as other dimensions, such as the seven dimensions of religion; these are ritual, experience and emotional, narrative and mythical, doctrinal, ethical, social, and material. Religious mythologies may include descriptions of an act or process of creation by a creator deity or a larger pantheon of deities, explanations of the transformation of chaos into order, or the assertion that existence is a matter of endless cyclical transformations.

Religious cosmology differs from a strictly scientific cosmology informed by the results of the study of astronomy and similar fields, and may differ in conceptualizations of the world's physical structure and place in the universe, its creation, and forecasts or predictions on its future. The scope of religious cosmology is more inclusive than a strictly scientific cosmology physical cosmology in that religious cosmology is not limited to experiential observation, testing of hypotheses, and proposals of theories; for example, religious cosmology may explain why everything is the way it is or seems to be the way it is and prescribing what humans should do in context.

Variations in religious cosmology include those of Indian origin, such as Buddhism , Hindu , and Jain ; the religious beliefs of China; and, the beliefs of the Abrahamic faiths , such as Judaism , Christianity , and Islam. Religious cosmologies have often developed into the formal logics of metaphysical systems , such as Platonism , Neoplatonism , Gnosticism , Daoism , Kabbalah , or the great chain of being.

The universe of the ancient Israelites was made up of a flat disc-shaped earth floating on water, heaven above, underworld below.

Cosmic Evolution

Around the time of Jesus or a little earlier, the Greek idea that God had actually created matter replaced the older idea that matter had always existed, but in a chaotic state. This concept, called creatio ex nihilo , is now the accepted orthodoxy of most denominations of Judaism and Christianity. Most denominations of Christianity and Judaism believe that a single, uncreated God was responsible for the creation of the cosmos. Islam teaches that God created the universe, including Earth's physical environment and human beings. The highest goal is to visualize the cosmos as a book of symbols for meditation and contemplation for spiritual upliftment or as a prison from which the human soul must escape to attain true freedom in the spiritual journey to God.

We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? In Buddhism , like other Indian religions, there is no ultimate beginning nor final end to the universe. It considers all existence as eternal, and believes there is no creator god. This cosmology is the foundation of its Samsara theory, that evolved over time the mechanistic details on how the wheel of mundane existence works over the endless cycles of rebirth and redeath. According to Akira Sadakata, the Buddhist cosmology is far more complex and uses extraordinarily larger numbers than those found in Vedic and post-Vedic Hindu traditions.

The Hindu cosmology, like the Buddhist and Jain cosmology, considers all existence as cyclic. Hindu culture accepts this diversity in cosmological ideas and has lacked a single mandatory view point even in its oldest known Vedic scripture, the Rigveda. Neither being sat nor non-being was as yet. What was concealed? And where? And in whose protection? Who can declare it? Whence was it born, and whence came this creation? The devas gods were born later than this world's creation, so who knows from where it came into existence?

None can know from where creation has arisen, and whether he has or has not produced it. He who surveys it in the highest heavens, He alone knows or perhaps He does not know. Time is conceptualized as a cyclic Yuga with trillions of years. Beyond its creation, Hindu cosmology posits divergent theories on the structure of the universe, from being 3 lokas to 12 lokas worlds which play a part in its theories about rebirth, samsara and karma.

The complex cosmological speculations found in Hinduism and other Indian religions , states Bolton, is not unique and are also found in Greek, Roman, Irish and Babylonian mythologies, where each age becomes more sinful and of suffering. Jain cosmology considers the loka , or universe, as an uncreated entity, existing since infinity, having no beginning or an end. By the rest of evolution is here meant increasing complexity and information structures through self-emergent local reversals of entropy throughout the universe.

1. Introduction

Abiotic evolution includes the building up of atoms and simple molecules in chemical or energetic reactions, or brought together into planetesimals through gravity, to form nebula, asteroids, moons, and planets, and various inorganic compounds, including increasingly more complex molecules resulting both in mineral evolution and the development of the Earth and other planets , and also in the origin of life, both on Earth and elsewhere in the universe , which takes us to the next stage: Biological evolution.

The way biological evolution works was first explained by Darwin and Wallace , who independently discovered Natural Selection. There is also phylogeny , mapping out the family tree of life on Earth , and which is the main focus here at Palaeos. So far we haven't put anything here on Socio-Cultural evolution, but hopefully at some point some material can be added, which will mean the link at the left can be updated.

There is also no reason why consciousness and evolution cannot surpass the human position. Transhumanists refer to a Posthuman stage of evolution, that will succeed or replace current humanity. Of course there are any number of possible singularities here. I'm not necessarily happy with the term "Posthuman", because of its anthropocentric nuances. It's retained here only for the sake of convenience a possible alternative might be postsapient. Of course all speculation along these lines is just that, speculation. But it is a popular theme in science fiction; perhaps the best example is by Stanley Kubrick's movie co-written with Arthur C Clarke A Space Odyssey.

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