Son of Thunder (Heavenly War Series Book 1)
Peor his other Name, when he entic'd Israel in Sittim on thir march from Nile To do him wanton rites, which cost them woe.
Yet thence his lustful Orgies he enlarg'd [ ] Even to that Hill of scandal , by the Grove Of Moloch homicide, lust hard by hate; Till good Josiah drove them thence to Hell. For Spirits when they please Can either Sex assume, or both; so soft And uncompounded is thir Essence pure , [ ] Not ti'd or manacl'd with joynt or limb, Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones, Like cumbrous flesh; but in what shape they choose Dilated or condens't , bright or obscure, Can execute thir aerie purposes, [ ] And works of love or enmity fulfill. For those the Race of Israel oft forsook Thir living strength , and unfrequented left His righteous Altar, bowing lowly down To bestial Gods; for which thir heads as low [ ] Bow'd down in Battel , sunk before the Spear Of despicable foes.
Thammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd The Syrian Damsels to lament his fate In amorous dittyes all a Summers day, While smooth Adonis from his native Rock [ ] Ran purple to the Sea, suppos'd with blood Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the Love-tale Infected Sions daughters with like heat, Whose wanton passions in the sacred Porch Ezekiel saw, when by the Vision led [ ] His eye survay'd the dark Idolatries Of alienated Judah.
He also against the house of God was bold: [ ] A Leper once he lost and gain'd a King, Ahaz his sottish Conquerour, whom he drew Gods Altar to disparage and displace For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn His odious off'rings , and adore the Gods [ ] Whom he had vanquisht. Belial came last, then whom a Spirit more lewd [ ] Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to love Vice for it self: To him no Temple stood Or Altar smoak'd ; yet who more oft then hee In Temples and at Altars, when the Priest Turns Atheist, as did Ely's Sons , who fill'd [ ] With lust and violence the house of God.
Witness the Streets of Sodom, and that night In Gibeah, when the hospitable door Expos'd a Matron to avoid worse rape. All these and more came flocking; but with looks Down cast and damp, yet such wherein appear'd Obscure some glimps of joy, to have found thir chief Not in despair, to have found themselves not lost [ ] In loss it self; which on his count'nance cast Like doubtful hue: but he his wonted pride Soon recollecting, with high words, that bore Semblance of worth, not substance , gently rais'd Thir fainting courage, and dispel'd thir fears.
All in a moment through the gloom were seen Ten thousand Banners rise into the Air [ ] With Orient Colours waving: with them rose A Forest huge of Spears: and thronging Helms Appear'd , and serried shields in thick array Of depth immeasurable: Anon they move In perfect Phalanx to the Dorian mood [ ] Of Flutes and soft Recorders; such as rais'd To hight of noblest temper Hero's old Arming to Battel , and in stead of rage Deliberate valour breath'd , firm and unmov'd With dread of death to flight or foul retreat, [ ] Nor wanting power to mitigate and swage With solemn touches, troubl'd thoughts, and chase Anguish and doubt and fear and sorrow and pain From mortal or immortal minds.
Thus they Breathing united force with fixed thought [ ] Mov'd on in silence to soft Pipes that charm'd Thir painful steps o're the burnt soyle ; and now Advanc't in view, they stand, a horrid Front Of dreadful length and dazling Arms, in guise Of Warriers old with order'd Spear and Shield, [ ] Awaiting what command thir mighty Chief Had to impose: He through the armed Files Darts his experienc't eye, and soon traverse The whole Battalion views, thir order due, Thir visages and stature as of Gods, [ ] Thir number last he summs.
Thus far these beyond Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd Thir dread commander: he above the rest In shape and gesture proudly eminent [ ] Stood like a Towr ; his form had yet not lost All her Original brightness, nor appear'd Less then Arch Angel ruind, and th' excess Of Glory obscur'd : As when the Sun new ris'n Looks through the Horizontal misty Air [ ] Shorn of his Beams, or from behind the Moon In dim Eclips disastrous twilight sheds On half the Nations, and with fear of change Perplexes Monarchs.
Dark'n'd so, yet shon Above them all th' Arch Angel: but his face [ ] Deep scars of Thunder had intrencht , and care Sat on his faded cheek, but under Browes Of dauntless courage, and considerate Pride Waiting revenge: cruel his eye, but cast Signs of remorse and passion to behold [ ] The fellows of his crime, the followers rather Far other once beheld in bliss condemn'd For ever now to have thir lot in pain, Millions of Spirits for his fault amerc't Of Heav'n , and from Eternal Splendors flung [ ] For his revolt, yet faithfull how they stood, Thir Glory witherd.
He now prepar'd [ ] To speak; whereat thir doubl'd Ranks they bend From wing to wing, and half enclose him round With all his Peers: attention held them mute. Thrice he assayd , and thrice in spight of scorn, Tears such as Angels weep , burst forth: at last [ ] Words interwove with sighs found out thir way. O Myriads of immortal Spirits, O Powers Matchless, but with th' Almighty, and that strife Was not inglorious, though th' event was dire, As this place testifies, and this dire change [ ] Hateful to utter: but what power of mind Foreseeing or presaging, from the Depth Of knowledge past or present, could have fear'd , How such united force of Gods, how such As stood like these, could ever know repulse?
For mee be witness all the Host of Heav'n , [ ] If counsels different, or danger shun'd By me, have lost our hopes. But he who reigns Monarch in Heav'n , till then as one secure Sat on his Throne, upheld by old repute, Consent or custome , and his Regal State [ ] Put forth at full, but still his strength conceal'd , Which tempted our attempt, and wrought our fall.
Henceforth his might we know, and know our own So as not either to provoke, or dread New warr , provok't ; our better part remains [ ] To work in close design, by fraud or guile What force effected not: that he no less At length from us may find, who overcomes By force, hath overcome but half his foe. But these thoughts Full Counsel must mature: Peace is despaird , [ ] For who can think Submission? Warr then, Warr Open or understood must be resolv'd.
He spake: and to confirm his words, out-flew Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs Of mighty Cherubim ; the sudden blaze [ ] Far round illumin'd hell: highly they rag'd Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped arms Clash'd on thir sounding Shields the din of war, Hurling defiance toward the vault of Heav'n. There stood a Hill not far whose griesly top [ ] Belch'd fire and rowling smoak ; the rest entire Shon with a glossie scurff , undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic Ore, The work of Sulphur. Thither wing'd with speed A numerous Brigad hasten'd.
Mammon led them on, Mammon, the least erected Spirit that fell From heav'n , for ev'n in heav'n his looks and thoughts [ ] Were always downward bent , admiring more The riches of Heav'ns pavement, trod'n Gold, Then aught divine or holy else enjoy'd In vision beatific : by him first Men also, and by his suggestion taught, [ ] Ransack'd the Center , and with impious hands Rifl'd the bowels of thir mother Earth For Treasures better hid. Soon had his crew Op'nd into the Hill a spacious wound And dig'd out ribs of Gold.
Let none admire [ ] That riches grow in Hell; that soyle may best Deserve the precious bane. Russell, The Devil , p.
Sons of Thunder
See Russell, Satan , pp. See Revard, pp. Luke , when read in context, appears to refer to a future fall of the Devil. The connection between the dragon of Revelation 12 and the serpent of Geneses 3 was nonetheless solidified by second-century Christian theologian Justin Martyr. See Russell, The Prince of Darkness , pp.
Revard, p. To these poems we owe in large measure the hero Satan as he is developed in Paradise Lost. Renaissance poets drew on two traditions to depict Satan or Lucifer: the hexaemeral and the epic. See ibid. David Lee Clark, pref. For a comprehensive catalogue of heavenly conflict in cinema, see Eric C.
Revelation, which was very nearly left out of the official New Testament canon, 15 envisions Satan inciting a War in Heaven: And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. Notes 1. Peter is so struck by the experience that he asks Jesus if they should build three "tabernacles": one for Elijah, one for Jesus and one for Moses. There is agreement among some Christian theologians that Elijah appears to hand over the responsibility of the prophets to Jesus as the woman by the well said to Jesus John "I perceive thou art a prophet.
In Luke —27 , Jesus uses Elijah as an example of rejected prophets. Jesus says, "No prophet is accepted in his own country," and then mentions Elijah, saying that there were many widows in Israel, but Elijah was sent to one in Phoenicia. In Romans —6 , Paul cites Elijah as an example of God's never forsaking his people the Israelites.
Hebrews "Women received their dead raised to life again He is greatly revered among the Orthodox as a model of the contemplative life. He is also commemorated on the Orthodox liturgical calendar on the Sunday of the Holy Fathers the Sunday before the Nativity of the Lord. The reasons for the replacement are unclear.
It has been suggested that Elijah was chosen because of his importance to all three main religious groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina— Catholics , Muslims and Orthodox Christians. Elijah is revered as the spiritual Father and traditional founder of the Catholic religious Order of Carmelites. In addition to taking their name from Mt. Carmel where the first hermits of the order established themselves, the Calced Carmelite and Discalced Carmelite traditions pertaining to Elijah focus upon the prophet's withdrawal from public life.
In the 17th century the Bollandist Society , whose declared aim was to search out and classify materials concerning the saints venerated by the Church, and to print what seemed to be the most reliable sources of information  entered into controversy with the Carmelites on this point. In writing of St. Albert , Patriarch of Jerusalem and author of the Carmelite rule, the Bollandist Daniel Papebroch stated that the attribution of Carmelite origin to Elijah was insufficiently grounded.
The Carmelites reacted strongly.
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From to a series of letters, pamphlets and other documents was issued by each side. The Carmelites were supported by a Spanish tribunal, while the Bollandists had the support of Jean de Launoy and the Sorbonne. Since most Eastern Churches either use Greek as their liturgical language or translated their liturgies from the Greek, Elias or its modern iotacized form Ilias is the form of the prophet's name used among most members of the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite.
The feast day of saint Elias falls on July 20 of the Orthodox liturgical calendar for those churches which follow the traditional Julian Calendar , July 20 currently falls on August 2 of the modern Gregorian Calendar. This day is a major holiday in Lebanon and is one of a handful of holidays there whose celebration is accompanied by a launching of fireworks by the general public. The full name of St. Elias in Lebanon translates to St. Elias the Living because it is believed that he did not die but rode his fiery chariot to heaven.
The reference to the fiery chariot is likely why the Lebanese celebrate this holiday with fireworks. Elias is also commemorated, together with all of the righteous persons of the Old Testament, on the Sunday of the Holy Fathers the Sunday before the Nativity of the Lord. The Apolytikion in the Fourth Tone for St. The incarnate Angel, the Cornerstone of the Prophets, the second Forerunner of the Coming of Christ, the glorious Elias, who from above, sent down to Elisha the grace to dispel sickness and cleanse lepers, abounds therefore in healing for those who honor him. O Prophet and foreseer of the great works of God, O greatly renowned Elias, who by your word held back the clouds of rain, intercede for us to the only Loving One.
Starting in the fifth century, Elias is often connected with Helios , the Sun. The two words have very similar pronunciations in post-classical Greek; Elijah rode in his chariot of fire to heaven 2 Kings just as Helios drove the chariot of the sun across the sky; and the holocaust sacrifice offered by Elijah and burned by fire from heaven 1 Kings corresponds to the sun warming the earth. Sedulius writes poetically in the fifth century that the "bright path to glittering heaven" suits Elias both "in merits and name", as changing one letter makes his name "Helios"; but he does not identify the two.
Saint Patrick appears to conflate Helios and Elias. Since Wachsmuth ,  the usual explanation for this has been that Elias was identified with Helios, who had mountaintop shrines.
But few shrines of Helios were on mountaintops, and sun-worship was subsumed by Apollo-worship by Christian times, and so could not be confused with Elias. The association of Elias with mountaintops seems to come from a different pagan tradition: Elias took on the attributes and the locales associated with Zeus , especially his associations with mountains and his powers over rain, thunder, lighting, and wind. When he spent forty days in a cave, it was on Mount Horeb 1 Kings When Elias confronted Ahab , he stopped the rains for three years 1 Kings Of these, the only one with a recorded tradition of a Helios cult is Mount Taleton.
Among Albanians, pilgrimages are made to mountaintops to ask for rain during the summer. One such tradition that is gaining popularity is the 2 August pilgrimage to Ljuboten on the Sharr mountains. Muslims refer to this day as Aligjyn "Ali Day" , and it is believed that Ali becomes Elias at midday. As Elijah was described as ascending into heaven in a fiery chariot, the Christian missionaries who converted Slavic tribes likely found him an ideal analogy for Perun , the supreme Slavic god of storms, thunder and lightning bolts. In many Slavic countries Elijah is known as Elijah the Thunderer Ilija Gromovnik , who drives the heavens in a chariot and administers rain and snow, thus actually taking the place of Perun in popular beliefs.
In Estonian folklore Elijah is considered to be the successor of Ukko , the lightning spirit. In Georgian mythology , he replaces Elwa. Once Jesus , the prophet Elijah, and St. George were going through Georgia. When they became tired and hungry they stopped to dine. They saw a Georgian shepherd and decided to ask him to feed them. First, Elijah went up to the shepherd and asked him for a sheep. After the shepherd asked his identity Elijah said that, he was the one who sent him rain to get him a good profit from farming.
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The shepherd became angry at him and told him that he was the one who also sent thunderstorms, which destroyed the farms of poor widows. After Elijah, Jesus and St. George attempt to get help and eventually succeed. Elias has other pagan associations: a modern legend about Elias mirrors precisely the legend of Odysseus seeking a place where the locals would not recognize an oar—hence the mountaintops.
The Church teaches that the Malachi prophecy of the return of Elijah was fulfilled on April 3, , when Elijah visited the prophet and founder of the church, Joseph Smith , along with Oliver Cowdery , in the Kirtland Temple as a resurrected being. This experience forms the basis for the church's focus on genealogy and family history and belief in the eternal nature of marriage and families.
In Latter-day Saint theology , the name-title Elias is not always synonymous with Elijah and is often used for people other than the biblical prophet. The spirit of Elias is first, Elijah second, and Messiah last. Elias is a forerunner to prepare the way, and the spirit and power of Elijah is to come after, holding the keys of power, building the Temple to the capstone, placing the seals of the Melchizedek Priesthood upon the house of Israel, and making all things ready; then Messiah comes to His Temple, which is last of all.
People to whom the title Elias is applied in Mormonism include Noah , the angel Gabriel who is considered to be the same person as Noah in Mormon doctrine , Elijah, John the Baptist , John the Apostle , and an unspecified man who was a contemporary of Abraham. Detractors of Mormonism have often alleged that Smith, in whose time and place the King James Version was the only available English translation of the Bible, simply failed to grasp the fact that the Elijah of the Old Testament and the Elias of the New Testament are the same person.
The names Elias and Elijah refer to one who prepares the way for the coming of the Lord. This is applicable to John the Baptist coming to prepare the way for the Lord and His baptism; it also refers to Elijah appearing during the transfiguration to prepare for Jesus by restoring keys of sealing power. Elijah's narrative in the Qur'an and later Muslim tradition resembles closely that in the Hebrew Bible and Muslim literature records Elijah's primary prophesying as taking place during the reign of Ahab and Jezebel as well as Ahaziah.
While neither the Bible nor the Qur'an mentions the genealogy of Elijah, some scholars of Islam believe he may have come from the priestly family of the prophet Aaron. Elijah is mentioned in the Quran , where his preaching is recounted in a concise manner. The Quran narrates that Elijah told his people to come to the worship of God and to leave the worship of Baal , the primary idol of the area.
The Quran states, "Verily Elijah was one of the apostles. When he said to his people: "Will you not fear God? The Quran makes it clear that the majority of Elijah's people denied the prophet and continued to follow idolatry. However, it mentions that a small number of devoted servants of God among them followed Elijah and believed in and worshiped God. The Quran states, "They denied him Elijah , and will surely be brought to punishment, Except the sincere and devoted Servants of God among them. And We left his memory for posterity.
Peace be upon Elijah! This is how We reward those who do good. He is truly among our believing servants. Abdullah Yusuf Ali says, "The third group consists not of men of action, but Preachers of Truth, who led solitary lives. Their epithet is: "the Righteous. Zachariah was the father of John the Baptist, who is referenced as "Elias, which was for to come" Matt ; and Elias is said to have been present and talked to Jesus at the Transfiguration on the Mount Matt.
Muslim literature and tradition recounts that Elijah preached to the Kingdom of Israel , ruled over by Ahab and later his son Ahaziah. He is believed to have been a "prophet of the desert—like John the Baptist ". Muslims believe that it was because the majority of people refused to listen to Elijah that Elisha had to continue preaching the message of God to Israel after him. Elijah has been the subject of legends and folktales in Muslim culture, usually involving his meeting with Khidr, and in one legend, with Muhammad himself.
One hadith reported that Elijah and Khidr met together every year in Jerusalem to go on the pilgrimage to Mecca. He then translated the supplication in Arabic to a group of visiting scholars:. Will I find that you punish me although you know that I rub my face on Earth to worship you? Will I find that you punish me although you know that I give up sins for you?
Will I find that you punish me although you know that I stay awake all night just for you? Although most Muslim scholars believed that Elijah preached in Israel , some early commentators on the Qur'an stated that Elijah was sent to Baalbek , in Lebanon. Scholars who reject identification of Elijah's town with Baalbek further argue that the town of Baalbek is not mentioned with the narrative of Elijah in either the Qur'an or the Hebrew Bible.
That ravens fed Elijah by the brook Chorath has been questioned. Alternatives have been proposed for many years; for example Adam Clarke d. The parallelism with the incident that follows, where Elijah is fed by the widow, also suggests a human, if mildly improbable, agent. John Gray chooses Arabs , saying "We adopt this reading solely because of its congruity with the sequel, where Elijah is fed by an alien Phoenician woman.
And the word of Jehovah came to Elijah saying, Go hence and turn eastward and hide thyself in the Wadi Chorath east of the Jordan, and it shall be that thou shalt drink of the wadi, and I have commanded the Arabs to feed thee there. And he went and did according to the word of Jehovah and went and dwelt in the Wadi Chorath east of the Jordan.
And the Arabs brought him bread in the morning and flesh in the evening and he would drink of the wadi. The challenge to the priests of Baal had the two-fold purpose of demonstrating that the God of Israel was greater than Baal, and that it was he who was the giver of rain. According to J. Robinson, "Some scholars have suggested that the pouring of water was a piece of sympathetic magic. Hugo Gressmann suggested that the fire that destroyed the offering and altar was lightning, while Ferdinand Hitzig and others  thought the water poured on the sacrifice and into the ditch might have been flammable naphtha.
Baptist scholar H. Rowley rejects both views.
Castor and Pollux
In the Gospel of John , Jesus says: "And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, [even] the Son of man which is in heaven. Traditionally Christianity interprets the "Son of Man" as a title of Jesus, but this has never been an article of faith and there are other interpretations. Further interpreting this quote, some Christians believe that Elijah was not assumed into heaven but simply transferred to another assignment either in heaven  or with King Jehoram of Judah.
The question of whether Elijah was in heaven or elsewhere on earth depends partly on the view of the letter Jehoram received from Elijah in 2 Chronicles 21 after Elijah had ascended. Some have suggested that the letter was written before Elijah ascended, but only delivered later. Elijah's name typically occurs in Jewish lists of those who have entered heaven alive. Centuries after his departure the Jewish nation awaits the coming of Elijah to precede the coming of the Messiah. For many Christians this prophecy was fulfilled in the gospels, where he appears during the Transfiguration alongside Moses Matthew — Commentators have said that Moses' appearance represented the law, while Elijah's appearance represented the prophets.
The Nation of Islam believes Elijah returned as Elijah Muhammad , black separatist religious leader who claimed to be a "messenger", not a prophet. This is considered less important than their belief that Allah himself showed up in the person of Fard Muhammad , the founder of the group. It differs notably from most beliefs about Elijah, in that his re-appearance is usually the precursor to a greater one's appearance, rather than an afterthought.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the prophet. For other uses, see Elijah disambiguation. Not to be confused with Elisha or Elishah. Main article: Raising of the son of the widow of Zarephath. See also: Brit milah. See also: Passover Seder. See also: Havdalah. Russian Icon of the Prophet Elijah 12th century, Pskov school. Tretyakov Gallery , Moscow. Prophets in the Quran. Listed by Islamic name and Biblical name. Main events. Stories of the Prophets The Three Messengers.
Jews, Christians and Muslims prophets Abrahamic prophets. Saints portal. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. David In Skolnik, Fred ed. Encyclopaedia Judaica. Thomson Gale. The Oxford Bible Commentary. The Chosen People 5th ed. In Jane Dammen McAuliffe ed. Boston: Brill. Baker; Bill T. Arnold 1 October Baker Academic. Great Ages and Ideas of the Jewish People. Modern Library: New York. The History of the Religion of Israel.
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Since he is your lord, bow to him; the people of Tyre will sue your favor with gifts. The Interpreter's Bible: Volume 3. Nashville: Abingdon Press, A History of Ancient Israel and Judah. In Singer, Isidore ; et al. The Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved Jerusalam: Keter Publishing House , The Anchor Bible: I Kings. New York: Doubleday, Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, The Madaba Mosaic Map. Retrieved 13 October In Chisholm, Hugh ed. Cambridge University Press.