The Apocalypse Of Baruch And The Assumption Of Moses

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  5. The Apocalypse of Baruch.

This act sparks the coming of God's kingdom through the coming of the Messiah.


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The text concludes with a depiction of Moses' final moments with Joshua. Most scholars date the work to the early first century C. Its title was assigned on the fact that one line of the text matches a quotation from an otherwise lost Assumption of Moses cited by Pope Gelasius I. A problem posed by this identification is that both Gelasius and Origen refer to an incident in their Assumption of Moses that does not appear in this text, namely a famous dispute between the archangel Michael and Satan over the body of Moses, which is quoted in the Epistle of Jude in the New Testament.

The issue is further complicated by the existence of another fragmentary Assumption of Moses , preserved by the eleventh-century Rabbi Moses ha-Darshan, which describes a visit by Moses to heaven. In this work, Moses returns to earth and is pursued by the angel of death, to whom he refuses to submit but then surrenders his soul gladly to God. Based on the literal translation of idioms within the text, it is generally accepted that the extant Latin version is a translation from Greek, with the Greek itself probably a translation from Hebrew.

The text is missing several sections, which allowed Ceriani to account for the fact that it contains no mention of Moses' actual death or ascension, and is also missing the famous passage Jude quoted in early Christian texts. The text itself begins with words, "The Testament of Moses," by which the work is also sometimes known. The ninth-century Stichometry of Nicephorus and some other ancient lists refer to both a Testament of Moses and an Assumption of Moses , apparently as separate texts.

Thus, the question arises as to whether the current text is actually the Testament , while the Assumption preserved by Rabbi Moses ha-Darshan below is the "real" Assumption. The current Assumption of Moses adopts a harshly critical attitude toward the Hasmonean dynasty that ruled the Jewish kingdom of Judaea on the foundation of the Maccabean revolt in the mid-second century B. The writer is also critical of the more ancient priesthood, which he accuses of idolatry for creating graven images in the Temple of Jerusalem.

The brunt of his attack, however, is aimed at the Sadducean priests of the first century B. The advent of the evil King Herod the Great is the result of divine punishment for the sins of these corrupt priests.

The Apocalypse of Baruch and The Assumption of Moses

The book predicts that true religion will next be persecuted by a powerful Roman tyrant, who forces the Jews to defile the temple and mutilate their sons' bodies by an operation intended to reverse circumcision. A man of the tribe of Levi named Taxo will then arise and, in an act of extreme defiance, will seal himself with his sons in a cave rather than allow his family to sin. God will avenge them, the author predicts, and then the kingdom of God shall be established under the reign of the Messiah.

Since the Essenes were known to harbor a particular animosity to the Temple priesthood at the time in question, an Essene writer is often considered the most likely candidate as the author of the Assumption of Moses. However, the Pharisees were also sometimes bitter opponents of the Sadducees , and thus a Pharisaic author is also plausible. Finally, the Zealots should be mentioned as a third group, possibly overlapping the other two, who favored dramatic action against the Romans and their Jewish collaborators.

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The text opens with Moses , at the age of , summoning Joshua and commissioning him to lead the Israelites into the Promised Land. In a passage echoing Philo of Alexandria , Moses explains that God has "prepared me before the foundation of the world, that I should be the mediator of His covenant. And now I declare unto you that the time of the years of my life is fulfilled and I am passing away to sleep with my fathers. In order that Joshua properly preserve the tradition of the Torah , Moses provides Joshua with the following written prophecies. He predicts that Joshua will lead the Israelites into Canaan , and commands him to "appoint them local magistrates according to the good pleasure of their Lord in judgment and righteousness.


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Two "holy tribes" will be established centering on "the tower of his sanctuary," while ten other tribes will break away and "establish kingdoms for themselves according to their own ordinances. A "king from the east," probably Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon , will then invade, carry away the holy vessels of the Temple, and force "all the people" into captivity. This will include both the two holy tribes and the ten other tribes who are apparently not "lost" in this narrative. An unidentified "one who is over them," will intercede with God on behalf of the people, and God will then allow them to return to their homeland.

Then "the two tribes shall continue in their prescribed faith Despite these blessings, the people will become "divided as to the truth. Kings will begin to rule the Hasmoneans under whom the priests will "work iniquity in the holy of holies. His sons will succeed him. If you use a digital signature, your signature must exactly match the First and Last names that you specified earlier in this form.

Apocalypse of Baruch and the Assumption of Moses

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Our agents will determine if the content reported is inappropriate or not based on the guidelines provided and will then take action where needed. Thank you for notifying us. The page you are attempting to access contains content that is not intended for underage readers. Paperback, 74 Pages. This item has not been rated yet. The Book of Baruch is a Bible pseudepigrapha; a deuterocanonical work attributed to Baruch ben Neriah, the scribe of the prophet Jeremiah. The Assumption of Moses is a Jewish apocryphal work concerning hidden prophecies that Moses revealed to Joshua prior to the latter inheriting his leadership of the ancient Jews.

Together these works constitute typical examples of popular Biblical texts which are extra-canonical; most Christian and Jewish groups do not regard their contents as true. Their origins are definitively proven to be several centuries after the time they purport to be from. However, theological scholars have expressed some interest, particularly given the time and context of the writing; being as these pseudepigrapha are old texts, they themselves carry value. This edition contains a lengthy, explanatory introduction by W.

Oesterley, and the well-regarded translations of Bible scholars R. Add to Cart. Lulu Sales Rank: Log in to rate this item. You must be logged in to post a review. Please log in. There are no reviews for the current version of this product Refreshing There are no reviews for previous versions of this product. First Name.

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