Oberst von Steuben (German Edition)
Constructed as a cruise ship for the Nazi Kraft durch Freude Strength Through Joy organisation in , she had been requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine German navy in She served as a hospital ship in and She was then assigned as a floating barracks for naval personnel in Gdynia Gotenhafen before being put into service to transport evacuees in Measuring Helmuth von Moltke the Younger Location of the German divisions Location of the German brigades Homeland corps deployments During times of war in Germany, all military forces ca.
They owned great estates that were maintained and worked by peasants with few rights. They were an important factor in Prussia and, after , in German military, political and diplomatic leadership. The most famous Junker was Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. He was removed from power by Kaiser Wilhelm II. Junkers fled or were expelled alongside other German-speaking population by the incoming Polish and Soviet administrations, and their lands were confiscated. In western and souther. The first castle on the mountain was constructed in the early 11th century.
Over the years the House of Hohenzollern split several times, but the castle remained in the Swabian branch, the dynastic seniors of the Franconian-Brandenburgian cadet branch that later acquired its own imperial throne. This castle was completely destroyed in after a ten-month siege by the free imperial cities of Swabia. The second castle, a larger and sturdier structure, was constructed from to , which served as a refuge for the Catholic Swabian Hohenzollerns, including during the Thirty Years' War. By the end of the 18th century it was thought to have lost its strategic importance and gradually fell into disrepair,.
Several military leaders played a role in the American Revolutionary War. This is a compilation of some of the most important leaders among the many participants in the war. Militia: a part of the organized armed forces of a country liable to call only in emergency or a body of citizens organized for military service. This is the complete order of battle for the four major battles of the Waterloo Campaign.
The order of battle. On 18 June , at the battle of Waterloo, effective field commander of all the French forces present, minus those engaged at Plancenoit VI Corps and elements of the Guard. The Inspector General of the United States Army serves to "provide impartial, objective and unbiased advice and oversight to the Army through relevant, timely and thorough inspection, assistance, investigations, and training. George in Thomaston, Maine, in He moved with his mother, Elizabeth North, to Boston, Massachusetts.
Career Military career He entered the Continental Army in , and served under Benedict Arnold in the unfortunate expedition to Canada in that year.
He was appointed in May as captain in Henry Jackson's 16th Massachusetts Regiment, with which he participated in the Battle of Monmouth. In he met Baron Steuben, and the following year was appointed his aide-de-camp, and greatly assisted him introducing his system of discipline in the Continental Army. Later he accompanied Steuben to Virginia, and was present at the surrender of Cornwallis. After the war he settled in Duanesburg, New York, where he married.
He was appointed. Constructed c. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 4, , and noted as representing "one of the finest remaining buildings from the second phase of Dutch immigration and settlement in the Raritan Valley". In , Hendrick gave the property to his brother John Staats — John then transferred it to his son Abraham Staats — in November After Abraham and his wife died, the property was divided between their son.
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben was a Prussian army officer who served as inspector general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He is credited with teaching the Continental Army the essentials of military drill and discipline, helping to guide it to victory. Ethnic Germans served on both sides of the American Revolutionary War.
American rebel agitators misrepresented such troops as mercenaries to fuel propaganda against the British Crown. Even American historians followed suit, in spite of Colonial-era jurists drawing a distinction between auxiliaries and mercenaries, with auxiliaries serving their prince when sent to the aid of another prince, and mercenaries serving a foreign prince as individuals.
He also served as a general and statesman, leading Prussian armies in the Silesian Wars and the Seven Years' War, having never lost a battle in the latter. In , he was suggested as a candidate for a monarch for the United States. Although remarkably similar in appearance and personality both were fond of the arts and French literature, and both were exceptional military commanders Henry resented being in Frederick's shadow.
Nonetheless, he loyally served as one of his brother's top generals throughout Frederick's reign. Henry tended to be less aggressive than the King in battle; alth. The ship was completed in the spring of The ship was seized by the U. A famous photograph taken by Alfred Stieglitz called The Steerage, as well as descriptions of the conditions of travel in the lowest class, have conflicted with her otherwise glitzy reputation as a high class, high speed trans-Atlantic liner.
This version was published in in He was made colonel of the German Battalion in March and remained its commander until the unit was disbanded at the beginning of He was placed in charge during the Siege of Fort Mifflin in October but did not distinguish himself, committing an act of cowardice in front of an American and a French officer.
After this incident, he allowed Samuel Smith and Simeon Thayer to exercise actual command of the besieged fort. D'Arendt was the one who first suggested that George Washington appoint an Inspector General to his staff. This advice proved to be very useful to the American cause when Washington appointed a fellow Prussian, Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben to that position. He was described as "a very mi. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in The cottage was converted to an inn in and was important in colonial times as it was approximately a day's travel by horse from Philadelphia.
A number of settlers heading from there for Ohio would sleep at the inn for their first night on the road. General George Washington first visited the tavern on Thanksgiving Day in while the Continental Army was encamped at Whitemarsh; a few weeks later Washington and the army bivouacked at nearby Valley Forge. Each year since , the tree has been decorated as a Christmas tree. Every year, early in December, the tree is traditionally lit by the President of the United States.
Every president since Franklin D. Roosevelt has made formal remarks during the tree lighting ceremony. Feiker was a highly educated engineer who had been a technical journal. History Early history Recent research shows that the battle of Solicinium, fought in between the invading Alamanni and a Roman army led by Emperor Valentinian I, probably took place in the northern part of what is today Hechingen and the lost city Solicinium was located where the Roman museum of Hechingen is located today.
Former building Gewerbevereins Ansbach Ansbach in the 17th century Ansbach German pronunciation: listen is a city in the German state of Bavaria. It is the capital of the administrative region of Middle Franconia. In , its population was 40, Developed in the 8th century as a Benedictine monastery, it became the seat of the Hohenzollern family in In , the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach lived here.
The city has a castle known as Margrafen—Schloss, built between — It was not badly damaged during the World Wars and hence retains its original historical baroque sheen. The city has connections via autobahn A6 and highways B13 and B With 44, inhabitants , it is the capital of Nysa County. It comprises the urban portion of the surrounding Gmina Nysa. Historically the town was part of Upper Silesia. History Neisse in on 1. According to German sources, the town was founded around by bishop Lorenz close to a slavic settlement, attracting German settlers. The town's fortifications from served to defend against the Hussites in The town and the duchy was part of Lands of the Bohemian Crown in years - One of the prominent.
The list of Kriegsmarine ships includes all ships commissioned into the Kriegsmarine, the navy of Nazi Germany, during its existence from to the conclusion of World War II in See the list of naval ships of Germany for ships in German service throughout the country's history. Sunk in battle Tirpitz, Laid down , Commissioned Completed Decommissioned Schleswig-Holstein, Sunk in battle, Schlesien, Mined and sunk, Heavy cruisers Admir.
Peterson graduated third in the United States Military Academy class of , and much of his early career was spent in the United States Army Corps of Engineers, including serving as the district engineer of the Los Angeles District and commander of the 3rd Engineers. Early life Peterson was born on 22 September in Raywick, Kentucky, and attended Centre College, where he played football and received a Bachelor of Science in He then taught until , when he entered the United States Military Academy. He was made a c. Since the foundation, a total of 5, soldiers, sailors and servicemen received this award.
The Legion of the United States was a reorganization and extension of the Continental Army from to under the command of Major General Anthony Wayne composed of professionally trained soldiers, rather than state militias. Arthur St. Clair's defeat on the Ohio frontier in , and to assert U. Origins The impetus for the legion came from General Arthur St. The Founding Fathers had been suspicious of standing armies not civili. Its stated mission is to "provide impartial, objective and unbiased advice and oversight to the army through relevant, timely and thorough inspection, assistance, investigations, and training".
In its early days, the inspectorate was frequently merged with, or proposed to be part of, the Adjutant General's department. The office expanded greatly in the late 19th century after the American Civil War, undertaking increasing numbers of inspections. Upon the outbreak of the Spanish—American War, the War Department was ill-prepared, and much of the blame fell upon the inspectorate. Nevertheless, it continued to expand in the early 20th century, pe.
Army in After the war he returned to farm in Belpre, Ohio. Army List of Inspectors General of the U. Clary, David A. Washington, D.
Army Center of Military History. Heitman, Francis B. Lytle, Richard M. Soldiers of America's First Army, Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. A history of Belpre, Washington Coun. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cresap's War starts in As of the start of , the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until May 15 — Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, retires from his role in the government of Great Britain, leaving Robert Walpole as sole and undisputed leader.
Patrick Henry's speech on the Virginia Resolves. The history of Virginia in the American Revolution begins with the role the Colony of Virginia played in early dissent against the British government and culminates with the defeat of General Cornwallis by the allied forces at the Siege of Yorktown in , an event signaled the effective military end to the conflict.
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Antecedents "The Alternative of Williamsburg", , showing a satirical view of affairs in the colony of loyalists being intimidated to join the Virginia Association. Revolutionary sentiments first began appearing in Virginia shortly after the French and Indian War ended in The very same year, the British and Virginian governments clashed in the case of Parson's Cause. The Virginia legislature had passed the Two-Penny Act to stop clerical salaries from inflating. King George III vetoed the measure, and clergy sued. Later he became the Inspector General of the U.
He graduated the United States Military Academy in As a lieutenant in the 2nd Dragoons, he was assigned to duty in Texas and then in the Mexican—American War. He was cited for gallantry for his actions at the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. The area that was evacuated was not the Gau East Prussia, but the inter-war East Prussia where most people already held a German citizenship. German citizens in Memel and other regions with proximity to East Prussia also took part in the evacuation, wishing to escape by sea, even though in their regions there was no official evacuation announced.
The evacuation, which had been delayed for months, was initiated due to fear of the Red Army advances during the East Prussian Offensive. Some parts of the evacuation were planned as a mil. It developed into one of the most important German shipping companies of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and was instrumental in the economic development of Bremen and Bremerhaven. From until the Armistice in November she was part of the U-Kreuzer Flotilla, and was responsible for 34 ships sunk 88, tons and 7 ships damaged 14, tons .
Background U was originally one of seven Deutschland class U-boats designed to carry cargo between the United States and Germany in Service history U was commissioned on 21 July From 21 July to 26 December she was commanded by Waldemar Kophamel who took U on a long-range cruise which eventually covered a total of 12, miles. On 19 September The operation was codenamed Hannibal. This is a list of shipwrecks located in and around the continent of Europe.
The ship was being refitted when World War II began on 1 September and was tasked to inspect neutral shipping for contraband goods in the Kattegat until early She participated in the early stages of the Norwegian Campaign by transporting troops to the Trondheim area in early April and was transferred to France later that year where she made several attacks on British shipping. Paul Jacobi spent most of under repair and returned to France in early to successfully escort two German battleships and a heavy cruiser home through the English Channel the Channel Dash.
The following month, the ship helped to escort another German battleship to northern Norway and returned in May to begin another lengthy refit. Paul Jacobi spent most of inactive in the Arctic before returning to Germany in September for another refit. She was badly damaged by Allied air attacks on Kiel and was not operational again. As a passenger liner, she sailed primarily between Hamburg and New York. On 14 April , Amerika transmitted a wireless message about icebergs near the same area where RMS Titanic struck one and sank less than three hours later.
At the outset of World War I, Amerika was docked at Boston; rather than risk seizure by the British Royal Navy, she remained in port for the next three years. Later transferred to the U. As America she transported almost 40, troops to France. She sank at. The ship was put under Cunard Line management in , and sailed under the British flag until sunk on 18 June She sailed from Rotterdam, her namesake city, to Boulogne and New York on her maiden voyage 18 August The ship began its final voyage on this route on 17 February Tietgen after Carl Frederik Tietgen, a Danish merchant.
The ship was completed in the spring of The ship was seized by the U. A famous photograph taken by Alfred Stieglitz called The Steerage, as well as descriptions of the conditions of travel in the lowest class, have conflicted with her otherwise glitzy reputation as a high class, high speed trans-Atlantic liner. This version was published in in She took her maiden voyage on 29 October , carrying passengers and cargo between Germany and the east coast of South America, and in her time was the largest and quickest ship on the route. In she served as the set for the German propaganda feature film Titanic.
In she evacuated almost 26, German soldiers and civilians from East Prussia before the advance of the Red Army. Cap Arcona's final use was as a prison ship. In May she was heavily laden with prisoners from Nazi concentration camps when the Royal Air Force sank her, killing about 5, people; with more than 2, further casualties in the sinkings of the accompanying vessels of the prison fleet; Deutschland and Thielbek.
Karl T. Marx papers,
This was one of the biggest single-in. Dennis Hima in command. Army officer he led two expeditions under authority of third President Thomas Jefferson through the new Louisiana Purchase territory, first in to reconnoiter the upper northern reaches of the Mississippi River, and then in to explore the Southwest to the fringes of the northern Spanish-colonial settlements of New Mexico and Texas. Pike's expeditions coincided with other Jeffersonian expeditions, including the Lewis and Clark Expedition — and the Thomas Freeman and Peter Custis expedition up the Red River Later in , Pike and some of his men were escorte.
Goya was a Norwegian motor freighter. Following the invasion of Norway she was seized by Germany and pressed into service of the Kriegsmarine as a troop transport. Near the end of the Second World War, the ship took part in Operation Hannibal, the evacuation of German military personnel and civilians from German-held pockets along the Baltic Sea.
Loaded with thousands of refugees and Wehrmacht soldiers, the ship was sunk on 16 April by the Soviet submarine L Most of the crew and passengers died. The sinking of Goya was one of the biggest single-incident maritime losses of life of the war, and as such one of the largest maritime losses of life in history, with just survivors among roughly 6, passengers and crew. The ship was m Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim born Erich Oswald Stroheim; September 22, — May 12, was an Austrian-American director, actor and producer, most noted as a film star and avant garde, visionary director of the silent era.
His masterpiece adaptation of Frank Norris's McTeague titled Greed is considered one of the finest and most important films ever made. After clashes with Hollywood studio bosses over budget and workers' rights issues, von Stroheim was banned for life as a director and subsequently became a well-respected character actor, particularly in French cinema.
For his early innovations as a director, von Stroheim is still celebrated as one of the first of the auteur directors. Beloved by Parisian neo-Surrealists known as Letterists, he was honored by Letterist Maurice Lemaitre with a minute film en. By one estimate, 9, people died, which makes it the largest loss of life in a single ship sinking in history.
Constructed as a cruise ship for the Nazi Kraft durch Freude Strength Through Joy organisation in , she had been requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine German navy in She served as a hospital ship in and She was then assigned as a floating barracks for naval personnel in Gdynia Gotenhafen before being put into service to transport evacuees in Measuring Former building Gewerbevereins Ansbach Ansbach in the 17th century Ansbach German pronunciation: listen is a city in the German state of Bavaria.
It is the capital of the administrative region of Middle Franconia. In , its population was 40, Developed in the 8th century as a Benedictine monastery, it became the seat of the Hohenzollern family in In , the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach lived here. The city has a castle known as Margrafen—Schloss, built between — It was not badly damaged during the World Wars and hence retains its original historical baroque sheen.
The city has connections via autobahn A6 and highways B13 and B Hammond A. Frank Lever A. Cassatt A. Cassatt standard 20 June 27 July To U. Cermak A. Mitchell Palmer A. Hill A. Mills Abbott. Approximately 2, people were killed by the blast, debris, fires or collapsed buildings, and an estimated 9, others were injured. The Kaiser-class ocean liners or Kaiserklasse refer to four transatlantic ocean liners of the Norddeutscher Lloyd, a German shipping company. Built by the AG Vulcan Stettin between and , these ships were designed to be among the largest and best appointed liners of their day.
These four ships, two of whom held the prestigious Blue Riband, were known as the "four flyers" and all proved to be popular with wealthy transatlantic travellers. They also took great advantage of the masses of immigrants who wished to leave Europe. The first of these "superliners" was Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse, unique for being the first liner with four funnels. Although the title was not coined until after her death, Martha Washington served as the inaugural First Lady of the United States. During her lifetime she was often referred to as "Lady Washington".
Two of her children by Custis survived to young adulthood. She brought her vast wealth to her marriage to Washington, which enabled him to buy land to add to his personal estate. She also brought nearly dower slaves for her use during her lifetime. They and their descendants reverted to her first husband's estate at her death and were inherited by his heirs. They also helped both of the. He also represented Massachusetts in both houses of Congress as a member of the Federalist Party. Born in Salem, Massachusetts, Pickering began a legal career after graduating from Harvard University.
He won election to the Massachusetts General Court and served as a county judge. He also became an officer in the colonial militia and served in the Siege of Boston during the early stages of the American Revolutionary War. After the war, Pickering moved to the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania and took part in the then colony's ratifying convention for the United States Constitution. President Washington appointed Pickering to the position of Postmaster General in After briefly ser.
Since the foundation, a total of 5, soldiers, sailors and servicemen received this award. The liner was sold to the Italian Cosulich Line in The ship was scrapped in He later became a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and he is most famous for leading the unsuccessful invasion of Canada. Montgomery was born and raised in Ireland.
He steadily rose through the ranks, serving in North America and then the Caribbean. After the war he was stationed at Fort Detroit during Pontiac's War, following which he returned to Britain for health reasons. In June , he was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Continental Army.
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After Philip S. In the interwar period, she reverted to her original name of SS George Washington. When George Washington was launched in , she was the largest German-built steamship and the third-largest ship in the world. George Washington was built to emphasize comfort over speed and was sumptuously appointed in her first-class passenger areas.
The ship could carry a total of 2, passengers, and made her maiden voyage in January to New York. In June , George Washington was the largest ship to participate in t. However, various Molly Pitcher tales grew in the telling, and many historians regard Molly Pitcher as folklore rather than history, or suggest that Molly Pitcher may be a composite image inspired by the actions of a number of real women. The name itself may have originated as a nickname given to women who carried water to men on the battlefield during War. Biographical information about Mary Hays has been gathered by historians, including her cultural heritage, given name, probable year of birth, marriages, progeny, and census and tax records, providing a reasonably reliable account of her life.
Maritime incidents in 1930
Mary Ludwig was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. There is some. September 17 is the th day of the year st in leap years in the Gregorian calendar. Events — Remistus, Roman general magister militum , is besieged by a Gothic force at Ravenna and later executed in the Palace in Classis, outside the city. The U. It has served the United States for approximately two hundred years. History Origins It has been alleged that the regiment traces its lineage to the original Fourth United States Infantry, which was organized as the Infantry of the Fourth Sub-Legion on 4 September , only four years after the adoption of the Constitution.