Where There Is Evil (The Pan Real Lives Series Book 10)

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Night-ghast: restless spirits, they are reminiscent of the spirits which - in some mythologies - were thought to be the cause of nightmares. Oratory: A church building. Ordinator: A computer from the same root as ordinateur French and ordenador Spanish. Philosophical: Having to do with the study of the physical laws of the universe i.

In our own world, science and physics grew out of - and were, until the 19th century usually referred to as - natural philosophy. Photogram: A photograph ; more primitive than those in our own world but able to be developed in multiple ways. In Lyra's world opium use is quite legal and respectable. Oxford dons traditionally take it with wine after dinner. Projecting lantern: A magic lantern used for photograms. Pullman noted in Northern Lights ' s Lantern Slides addendum that he based the projector in the book on one his grandfather owned.

Smokeleaf: Tobacco Experimental Theologian: A physicist. From "Natural Theology" meaning "science". Tokay: A highly prized wine in Lyra's world, the name may be an archaic, Anglicised form of tokaji a wine of the Tokaj-Hegyalja region in Hungary [35]. List of renamings of peoples and places.

Unless stated otherwise, these words are all capitalised. Named after the explorer who first set out in the region, Vitus Bering. Brytain: A phonetically identical re-spelling of Britain. It has echoes of " Brython ", a word for ancient British people and the lands they inhabited. Cathay : China, taken from the medieval European name for China. This is an old spelling, used prior to the current one, with a "K".

Eastern Anglia: East Anglia , the region where John Faa 's gyptians live; in Lyra's Brytain it has remained fenland with the Dutch influence remaining strong. This name refers to Iceland's volcanoes rather than to its glaciers. They live according to their own customs and traditions, outside mainstream society. They are reminiscent of " Gypsies " Roma. Our word "Gypsy" is derived from the mistaken belief that Gypsies were Egyptian in origin. From Enare, the Swedish-language name for the lake. Lascar : An East Indian. This is an archaic, English word for a sailor or militiaman from the Indian Subcontinent or thereabouts.

Mejico: Mexico, from the Mexican pronunciation. Territory approximates to our Russia see 'Russia' below. Lee Scoresby is described as a 'New Dane', specifically from the 'country of Texas' see 'Texas' below. New France : Includes the regions in our world of Quebec , much of eastern Canada, and the areas bought by the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.

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Lee Scoresby recalls the Battle of the Alamo , in his world, as being between French and Danish settlers. From Nippon "land of the rising sun" , a Japanese-language name for Japan. Norroway: Norway. Roman: The Latin language. Russia: Mentioned in shipping entries at the end of Once Upon a Time in the North , and includes Finnish territory of the Russian Empire [38] As Muscovy is also mentioned on the same book page, 'Russia' might be separate from Muscovy.

10 Best “Todd and the Book of Pure Evil” Episodes!

Natives of Greenland were once named similarly by the Viking settlers of our world. Tartar: A Tatar ; Nomadic Turkic, warrior people of northern Asia, known for the practice of unusual spiritual rituals, including trepanning. The Republic of Texas was briefly an independent nation in our own world. Main article: Lyra's Oxford.

Main article: Once Upon a Time in the North. Main article: The Book of Dust. Main article: His Dark Materials play. Main article: The Golden Compass film. The Economist. Intelligent Life. Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 10 July San Francisco, CA: Wiley. The New Yorker. Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 20 August Southern Cross Review. Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 13 April The Guardian. Retrieved 4 April The Star. Retrieved 4 May University of Sydney. Retrieved 12 April Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 8 February Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 5 April Archived from the original on 4 November Retrieved 26 January Christianity Today.

Archived from the original on 18 March Librarians' Christian Fellowship. Archived from the original on 6 August The Morley Institute Inc. Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 4 January The Times. Retrieved 28 November Sydney Morning Herald Online. Retrieved 13 December In Lenz, Millicent; Scott, Carole eds. Wayne State University Press. Daily Telegraph. BBC News Online. Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 1 April Pullman, Philip Northern Lights. The Subtle Knife. Scholastic Point. Oxford University Press. Great Britain: David Fickling Books.

Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 10 June She clearly cracked and did what she did. It was wrong, but the answers lie where no one wants to go: her past and her childhood and how she was raised to make her who she became. You would have us believe that all neurotic and abusive parenting is meted out in identical fashion among millions of families. Since none of us know all the details I find it instructive to first examine the indisputable facts in order to get a feel for what transpired and for the likely causation of a tragedy.

This article was valuable in that it gave a fairly thorough chronology of the events leading up to the crime and a background of the family dynamics. This is a facile and lazy take away from a tragedy like this. Not all abused children are beaten. Psychological abuse can be much more damaging plus not all children are tough enough to come out of it unscathed. There is plenty of evidence to indicate that she was a victim of abuse but most commenters are more than willing to overlook the fact that parents are statistically far more likely to kill their children than the reverse scenario.

A diseased mind does not always make rational decisions. Reactionary and unbalanced judgements are always revealing of deep character flaws.

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Thanks for the warning. It has deeper and more traumatizing effects on a person than physical abuse does! Humans must experience failure to avoid failure. Allow me to give you my little story on my family, I think I am actually pretty lucky in a sense. Before my family went over the pond over here to Canada, I was one of those guys who gets 3rd in class every year. Not perfect, but not bad in a sense. My sister was not so good back then, she is 2 years younger, and had trouble absorbing things.

In HK, we have testings too as soon as we hit Grade 1, it was difficult for her. Her stigma turned into stress, she started to play tricks. I was the one who actually found out more about it and talked to my parents about it. My parents, naturally, got angry at her lies. Here is the difference, they stopped and THINK, they also looked at it beyond the fact that she lied, and eventually loosen their expectation for academics for both of us. I could only hazard a guess: they know how messed up the stress is if it forced their 6 year old daughter to lie like that.

My sister enjoyed the change of pace, and she excelled in her own way. This led to another set of problems with me who were used to be so competitive, and how I become the jaded person that I am today, but that is a lesson for another time. Point is, if anyone of them were to stop to think apart from what they see from their own eyes, and allow empathy as a guidance, we would not see stories like this.

Problem is, today, human beings are far too self-absorbed materially, and they lose sight of their true self and eventually become lost. Even had she not committed murder, I would not have trusted Jennifer as a person at all. Dishonesty is not an acceptable way to respond to adversity, and she only has herself to blame for her own failures. It is not okay to forge report cards and diplomas, fake your graduation and pretend to attend university. I find it difficult to empathize with someone who had such a loving mother, and an ultimately well-intentioned father.

Her parents did not say go be an Engineer. Neither did mine. Mine said pursue an education and study hard. If I didnt, they were there to bring me back on track. If your children want to go frolicking in the park because they dont know better and thats ok with you, then go ahead. I agree.

I commented earlier for Karen to not use such cheap and immoral tactics to grab the attention of readers. Unfortunately, her cheap response was to remove my comment. Good stuff, Karen. You are going to be one heck of a writer. YES, thank you for saying this. If she really wanted to escape her family that badly, it would be as simple as studying hard and asking to go to UBC or Waterloo.

Given that her program of choice was Science, calculus was probably not even an entry requirement. Not much discussion here about the company she kept. Something was not right with these people. Most of us would never even remotely condone such action. There are studies that indicate peer group has a much larger influence on actions than parental influence, once someone has become an adult. Equating the effects of emotional and psychological abuse with the impetus to kill is a logical fallacy, to say the least.

No one knows what really caused all this for sure, but people are all too quick to label Jennifer as a cold-hearted psycho who is now rotting in jail and is getting what she deserved, without actually trying to understand what motivated her and led to this unfortunate chain of events. You make a great point. But if a person had to resort to ordering a hit to get their parents out of their life and take money through the inheritance, I feel that is not the same case. I do feel for the pressures she had to go through, but a lot of us, myself included had to go through something similar.

Anyways, your response is very well put, and I have to respect that. The only way we, as human beings, can begin to make sense of such things is to look for cause and effect relationships. We want to make sense of things, we look for identifiable patterns. The reality is, these patterns and correlations are often an illusion. Sometimes there are no reasons. Good thing you voted for your own comment because no one else with intellectual integrity would agree with such an absurd statement. Thank-you for complimenting my intellectual integrity, but why is my statement absurdist to you?

To take the argument to the opposite extreme, if equating emotional and psychological abuse with the impetus to kill was a logical thing to do, than we could expect that homicide would be the likely and excused outcome in all cases of severe emotional and psychological abuse. It is not. One person suffers, and spreads caring. Another suffers and seeks help, Another suffers, and does nothing. And yet another suffers, and commits murder. To argue that emotional and psychological abuse is an impetus to kill, is a stigmatizing insult to every survivor of abuse who would never murder another soul.

How do you really know? You believe what you do, most likely because it coincides with you worldview, and what you want to believe. But I do think that the viewpoints you reference are not necessarily diametrically opposed. One can blame, and indeed hate what someone has done, while also recognizing them as a victim. Please re-read what I said, it is an argument against absolutism.

If you have anything to share and reason, please do so. Ad-hominem attacks have no place here. She was speaking generally about the effects of child abuse. You seem to have an extensive vocabulary, Adam, but few clues about context and even less ability with reading comprehension. You seem to be a classic example of how a little knowledge can be a dangerous thing. I neve quoted Hina. Please do not misrepresent what I wrote. Seriously, what does it take to get a user banned around here? Thank you for proving my contention that you have poor reading comprehension, Adam.

I never said you quoted Hina.

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You replied to her statement with an absurd non sequitur. Agree with Adam Catalyst. For someone who is calling out others for labelling Jennifer too quickly, you are doing the exact same thing labelling her family and assuming that the way she was raised was the cause for what happened. How are you arriving to these conclusions? What is with all these assumptions? From all your comments so far it really just comes across as if you are you projecting your own experiences onto this story.

Where did I say that I was raised like this, or in any way similar to this? You seem more upset that I am trying to show some sympathy towards her and what she MAY have experienced, but are totally okay with the rest of the people who are outright condemning her and calling her a monster. Btw, did you go to waterloo for afm in the last year? I think I might have met you. I agree that this article is biased.

where there is evil the pan real lives series book 10 Manual

Whatever, you must know best I guess. Exactly I completely agree with you. Thank you for providing the additional insight I missed. When you failed to acknowledge your poor reading comprehension I wrote you off as a pseudointellectual coward. Keep up the bad work. Jennifer is a person that was pushed too hard and cracked. When did it really every matter? She was viewed as never good enough. Catch them when they fall, brush them off and try again. There seems to be a lack of love and affection in the family. I understand culture may play a large roll in this. The only thing to affection was from Daniel, from the day of her asthma attack that…..

That was all she had as hope, as future, and Daniel was her heart. When someone cuts them self its not to see if they bleed, its to feel something anything. Does she have mental problems? Yea for a long time she has suffered silently. The lies were a fantasy of the life her family want her to be. But what did Jennifer ever really want……not to kill her parents….

But to be free…to be loved……to be seen as a daughter not a trophy. When was she ever happy? The moment when all the lies came clean and the family saw her for the first time as a child, that didnt live up to there expections and was then was asked to leave. She was exiled from the family that day, this was the day….

They had lived there lives through her, without disappointment. No life sentences could justify any of this in any way. Does the crime fit the punishment? Does Jennifer walk the halls of her penitentiary in sadness and sorrow and shame? No that would of been her life at home…. Well sometimes you need to be careful what you wish for.. I would even assume it was more. I had a friend in high school who was in a similar situation. It never escalated this far, obviously, but it got to a point where the girl ran away from home to live with her boyfriend because her dad found drugs not for the first time in her room.

This is all on her. We will never know. The dad lost his love, his family, his everything. His life is literally ruined. Cold blooded murder. They deserve the sentence that was rightfully given to each and every one of them. Life sentence is a good way to think about the crap they pulled.

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Murdering your parents in cold blood is unforgivable. Any murder is unforgivable. Bich was probably the most innocent one, if you can call it that but she was the one killed. Jennifer failed to see that because she was so caught up in her own little self-hate and life.

Yes, I agree. I understand your point though. How could you not trust her? Nobody knew. She was manipulative and apparently lied about everything.. I sat next to her every day in high school, She was in my TA and I had no clue who she really was or what she was capable of. This shit haunts me, knowing how close I was to her.. Daniel should have never been a part of that. He was nothing but a puppet on a string who got manipulated. He was honestly the nicest guy I knew in high school. I miss him. Its a shame he got sucked into her bs. She personally asked me over fb for an inside scoop on what I knew about her, but i never replied.

So, I gather she got information from mutual friends. Clearly no one listened to what the brother had to say. If anyone paid attention to his testimony they would know he felt that defence was painting a fictitious story. He clearly states that the family was based on trust and trusting Jennifer was what let it go so far. I loved that guy like a brother in high school. He was so nice.. Always smiling, laughing, cracking jokes, lighting joints… Man, I miss you.

Its clear to see she cut herself for attention. She used to flirt with me over MSN. How she wanted to.. You know. I think it was all a cry for attention. She got what she wanted. I never even knew they had a thing, as close as I was to the two.. Honestly, you would have never guessed. She was somewhat quiet in person, but smiled a lot.

I always thought she was very bright with a lot of promise in her studies.. Kept to herself really. Except this one kid who sat on the other side of her. I think his name was Alex. I always thought they were related.. We actually used to flirt back and forth with one another.

I smoked a lot of pot in high school. Lol Daniel on the other hand. We were very close friends. Hung out every day. She must have had him on a string because he was never like that.. I guess ppl will do anything for a buck.. I even feel bad saying that because I truly respected him and loved him like a brother. Just a shame. I still talk to his bro, but could never ask… :. Sorry to hear that. She said some people believe that the parents are to blame, and quoted a friend. Really unclear how that is biased or not credible.

It takes evil to commit evil deed. Who pushed them to strive for their life? Who would they blame when things go wrong? It was so much easier for Jennifer to blame her parents rather than to admit her wrong doing. She deceived her parents and her friends because she was too coward to accept reality and had too much pride to start again.

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It is not difficult to blame others, it is just difficult to blame one self. Few have mentioned it was not out of a blue that Jennifer decided to kill her parents and I agreed-it was an intricate art of deception and lies, which required time and effort to manifest. Simply put, her motives were excuses to cover up her failures. All murderers have motives, even psychopaths too-kill for pleasure or whatever reasons they deem fit. However, motives should not be used to justify an evil deed. I did not take my frustration out on others. There are many people out there who were in a similar boat as Jennifer or possibly worse, but they did not grow up to be murderers, or at least not all of them, including me or my friends.

For those who think your parents are cruel for treating you the way they do, know this, you are much crueler for treating them the way you do because you are their children and you have not or might never be able to do anything for them like the way they have done for you. Some might agree or disagree with me, but reality is set and we can all choose to be another Jennifer, or we can choose to improve ourselves and see the goods in our parents because one day some of us might become parents too.

Pan evidently did not have. This reminds me of the recent American case of Mr. Hassan Razzaq, who along with his siblings and mother was heavily abused at the hands of his father. Congratulations to Karen for repeating what the defence said. Good thing the jury listens to both sides of the story. Because what the defendants said must all be true. Explain to me this. How do you lie and deceive such controlling parents for so long? She was given no freedoms but was able to go out and do all these things? She was locked away but magically was able to spend time with her boyfriend. How is any of this possible.

There are so many loop holes in your story. Lets completely ignore the fact that her friend Daniel was a convicted drug dealer. Oh know, Karen knows him well so that makes this not his fault. Mutual friends are still the same side of the story. They wanted the best thing for themselves. A trophy child. We and they know that the best thing for a child is to be happy. These parents were awful. Selfish reasons? Her parents forbid it. She easily could of finished her high school degree if her parents would have supported her instead of ordered her around.

She is to blame for the murders but her parents are to blame for making her even consider it. I agree that the family did not help matters with this girl. But her actions clearly show that of someone who was a sociopath. When I used to cut myself or want to it was a cry for attention. Its something a lot of kids do.

Kids crave attention. She just wanted someone to notice her… Make sense? Do you have first hand experience? I think it is excessive when situated in a new country where the majority of her peers are not treated that way by their parents. I see both sides but I am opposed to extreme view points except in the case of a serial killer that murders in cold blood. Good point! Certainly something I struggle with — overanalysis due to fear of making mistakes something left over from my own upbrining. Safe to assume. Ppl want to forget.

I know Daniels brother, but I would never ask him about it..

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Everyone has different breaking points. I dunno what the science pre-reqs are these days…but note, she was born in — I belong to her cohort and for entry into University Science programs, Calculus was definitely a requirement. It was only a few years after I graduated when I heard they were dropping Calc as a pre-req…which in my opinion, dumbed down the education. Well, like you said, this was a piece written with biases that we all have. I think it did its job of sparking a conversation around issues of interest in this story line — as evidenced by the commentary.

Meh, I prefer the public have chances to gain new words in their vocabulary. Writing styles and preferences are subjective. I enjoyed her pace and style just fine. In fact, as we got to know each other better, we kept the blade in a beautiful Moroccan inlaid box, by the side of the bed.

I agree with most of everything you say here. In my case, my parents were similar here — I had a tiger mom, and an absentee father who when present was also abusive. My own development had been quite different from my brother — he had a lot more behavioural issues because his tolerance for abuse is quite low, and honestly, I think people forget that the brain continues to mature well into the 20s — especially the logical centres in the frontal lobe region.

He my brother had a lot more issues similar to Jennifer here with the deception and lies that he spun with my family and friends — but fortunately, he was quite poor at it. Before that he blamed everyone else and never examined himself…and then slowly the ability to self-examine trickled in. I think it is correct to say that we all have a choice — but our ability to take the different choice can be a bit of an illusion depending on so many different factors age, development, severity of personal trauma due to past experiences.

I used to wonder why my brother and I differed so much in the same environment of abuse, but honestly in retrospect, there were so many factors, and many of which were not really in his control. I hope my comment widens your considerations a bit, but the world is really not black and white. IT IS. And when you are abused for decades bad shit eventually happens.

To the abusers, the abusee, to the new relationships formed by the abusee. Could you also provide a list of cultures with dysfunctional child raising practices that leads to homocide causing abuse? It would be helpful to know who potential killers are by the color of their skin.

I find it interesting that not even her lawyer thought that an argument could be made for her actions as a result of abuse, or duress. It seems from this article that Jennifer carried on elaborate lies for years thoughout her life… Is it not possible her unproven allegations of abuse were also a lie? She is despicable.

To completely fabricate your world and show it to your parents and keep that up for several years? And then try to kill them? How do you LIVE with yourself? Well the ending is pretty much predictable; suicide, murder, runaway, or live up to it as long as she can. She is 24 for god sake. Way pass legal age and yet still imprisoned in her own house. If it were under normal circumstances, the parents could be charged.

Too bad, one wrong turn and bad decision making from the girl, it all went haywire. Rather than sympathy or judgements, what happened happened. Learn from it is what i can say. If you want a child to be your trophy, why not just be a throphy yourself.

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If you are stressed up, talk to your parents or just ignore it and live as you want. But I do have to wonder…this is the web, not a class in the nomenclature of punctuation…. All posts are projections, bobsmith i. Hina seems to me to be doing a really good job around her own awareness, and is shading her posts with nuance, and understanding…. No style manual, ever, has called them this, and stylizing your brackets as round would be misleading in langauges, and disastrous if you worked in STEM fields. I would double check your source on that. I bring this up with you only because you are claiming the contrary as fact.

I mean no insult. He was rudely insulting my reading comprehension skills since I did not recognize that using parenthesis was the same as bracketing, and that in either case this changed the meaning of his words. If you re-read what he wrote, it does not change the unintentional meaning of what he wrote. Thank you. It is clear that she was a sociopath bud. And maybe one day you can have a sociopath for a daughter and have sympathy for her when she tries to murder you too. And, you simply have neither the diagnostic not clinical experience to state that anyone is a sociopath….

But, I already have a daughter, one who is being brought up with unconditional love and practical and emotional support. Oh crap? Oh man, I am so sorry. Oh man I take back everything I said. I know nothing jon snow. If you ever look into psychology or sociology they do studies and tests and dig deeper into things like this to provide statistics. The reason why these serial killers all posses extremely similar back stories is clearly becauee all the events and similarities are factors that lead them up to the point where they wanted to kill a lot of people.

Is it the parents fault? No one person I to blame for any of the events that occurred, the blame lies evenly with many parties involved. Keep spinning little catalyst. Your pretentious web is providing much amusement. You argue this repeatedly, name calling someone who would argue against your assertion with proof that you cannot refute with a single dictionary, language authority, or even corroborated by a single human being other than yourself, and a non-extant Wikipedia citation that you hold up as proof.

OK, you win. APA is wrong. MLA is wrong. Science is wrong. Technology is wrong, Engineering is wrong. Math is wrong. You win. You successfully learned nothing, despite my best efforts. Please leave me alone now. I concede that I was wrong, and that brackets and parenthesis are the same thing, and that bracketing is a commonly understood verb that means to place text in parenthesis. I will not argue anything to the contrary. You are a boorish, pedantic nag with a rigid mind, much of which gets fired up by your undue sensitivity.

Why is that a bad thing? Is there something in your one weekend course of psychotherapy that says that is bad? But maybe it was not self-stimulation that created the effect in you…other things can have the same impact e. Yes, you are right. Please leave me alone now, any further attacks will be considered harassment. Thanks Hina. This article has stirred up some deep seated issues for many posting here. I had a privileged upbringing with loving parents and now live in the paradise of the Gulf Islands in BC.

I followed my bliss and have a culture related business in Europe. However I have struggled to have empathy for others and only in recent years have I developed a keener sense for what makes people tick. This is essential for understanding what is behind the actions of others. The big picture take away from this tragedy is that striving for material success and status in the community has become more important than striving for personal and spiritual fulfillment.

In no way is this disturbing trend an Asian or recent immigrant thing. This sets the tone and creates an environment where material success trumps our most basic sense of decency. Winning becomes the only thing and children are not allowed to be children. Thanks for providing another example of your lack of intellectual integrity. My mother was the coldest, the harshest, the most eager to push me to my limits just so I could be competitive with the children of her prestigious friends.

What we absorb during our formative years affects us all differently. Two children growing up in the same household under similar stimulus — say, twins, or siblings close in age — may exhibit completely different reactions, and develop completely different coping mechanisms. Even children who grew up in relatively low pressure, nurturing families can get into the wrong friends circle or experience some other outside stimulus, and turn out just like Jennifer did. Why are teenagers encouraged to not have sex? High pressure discipline, especially physical discipline, is much the same in terms of its emotional impact.

Those who manage to turn out fine, with no psychological scars, are the exception, not the rule. Now, in my mid-twenties, I have virtually no grievances left with my parents. I can live with that. But when I was younger, I also falsified report cards. Who, Mrs. Which and Mrs. Whatsit tesser the Murrys and Calvin back to Earth. In the vegetable garden they are all reunited with Katherine and the twins. Whatsit says that although she and the others like the spectacle of the family reuniting, they have to go somewhere.

Before Mrs. Whatsit finishes her sentence, she and the others disappear. Meg is the oldest child of scientists Alex and Kate Murry, about thirteen years old. Introduced on the first page of the book, she is the story's main protagonist. Charles Wallace is the youngest Murry child, at five years old. Charles Wallace speaks only to his family, but can empathically or telepathically read certain people's thoughts and feelings. Calvin is the third oldest of Paddy and Branwen O'Keefe's eleven children: a tall, thin, red-haired year-old high school junior. He shows some signs of being able to communicate telepathically , the same power Charles Wallace seems to have.

Which are immortal beings who can travel across large stretches of time and space by dematerializing and rematerializing. They are capable of shapeshifting, but spend most of their time on Earth as elderly women. All three are billions of years old and were once stars that had sacrificed themselves as a nova or supernova to destroy parts of the Black Thing. Whatsit is the youngest of the Mrs. Ws despite being 2,,, years, 8 months, and 3 days old , and interacts with the children.

She also used to be a star. She struggles to articulate her words. Which is the leader of the three women and the wisest. Her distinguishing quirk is her long, drawn-out method of speech, symbolized by doubled consonants in her words. IT is the bodiless, telepathic brain that dominates the planet of Camazotz and is the main antagonist of the story. IT is described as a giant-sized human brain. While IT usually speaks through one of its pawns, IT can speak directly to people via telepathy. The Black Thing, a formless, shadowy being, is the source of all evil in the universe.

At the start of the novel, he has been missing for some time. Katherine Murry, the mother of the Murry children, is a microbiologist. She is considered beautiful by the Murry children and others, having "flaming red hair", creamy skin, and violet eyes with long dark lashes. Sandy and his twin brother Dennys are the middle children in the Murry family, older than Charles Wallace but younger than Meg.

The twins are depicted as inseparable from one another. They are the only "normal" and accepted children in the Murry family. The wife of the constable in Meg's hometown. Jenkins is Meg's high-school principal who implies that her family is in denial about Mr. Murry's true whereabouts. The Happy Medium is human in appearance.

She uses her powers and a crystal ball to look at distant places and people. She lives in a cavern on a planet in Orion's Belt. Aunt Beast a name created by Meg is a character who nurses and befriends Meg on the planet Ixchel. The character is a four-armed eyeless gray creature with telepathic abilities and numerous long, waving tentacles instead of fingers. The character's actual name, if any, is not given.

The novel is highly spiritualized, with notable influences of divine intervention and prominent undertones of religious messages. John the Divine , which is known for its prominent position in the liberal wing of the Episcopal Church. L'Engle utilizes numerous religious references and allusions in the naming of locations within the novel. The name Camazotz refers to a Mayan bat god , one of L'Engle's many mythological allusions in her nomenclature.

It is inhabited by creatures that resemble winged centaurs. The theme of picturing the fight of good against evil as a battle of light and darkness is a recurring one. Its manner is reminiscent of the prologue to the Gospel of John , which is quoted within the book. They name Jesus, and later in the discussion Buddha is named as well, both of whom are major figures in different religions.

Nevertheless, religious journalist Sarah Pulliam Bailey doubts whether the novel contains religious undertones. Further, the themes of conformity and the status quo are present. IT is a powerful dominant group that manipulates the planet of Camazotz into conformity. Even Charles Wallace falls prey and is hence persuaded to conform. It is thanks to Meg that she and her family are able to break from conformity. L'Engle's work always is uplifting because she is able to look at the surface values of life from a perspective of wholeness, both joy and pain, transcending each to uncover the absolute nature of human experience that they share.

Camazotz is a planet of extreme, enforced conformity, ruled by a disembodied brain called IT. Camazotz is similar to Earth, with familiar trees such as birches, pines, and maples, an ordinary hill on which the children arrive, and a town with smokestacks, which "might have been one of any number of familiar towns". The horror of the place arises from its ordinary appearance, endlessly duplicated. The houses are "all exactly alike, small square boxes painted gray", which, according to author Donald Hettinga, signals a comparison to "the burgeoning American suburbia", such as the post-war housing developments of Levittown, Pennsylvania.

Scholar William Blackburn draws a comparison to "an early sixties American image of life in a Communist state", a characterization Blackburn later dismissed. A Wrinkle in Time has also received praise for empowering young female readers. Why would I give all the best ideas to a male? At the time of the book's publication, Kirkus Reviews said: "Readers who relish symbolic reference may find this trip through time and space an exhilarating experience; the rest will be forced to ponder the double entendres. I found it fascinating It makes unusual demands on the imagination and consequently gives great rewards.

A study found that it was a common read-aloud book for sixth-graders in schools in San Diego County, California. In , the novel saw a spike in sales after Chelsea Clinton mentioned it as influential in her childhood in a speech at the Democratic National Convention.

Nonsense about witchcraft and fantasy. In , Listening Library released an unabridged, 4-cassette audio edition read by the author. On January 10, , Audible released a 50th anniversary edition recorded by Hope Davis. In , a television adaptation of the novel was made by a collaboration of Canadian production companies, to be distributed in the United States by Disney.

Whatsit, Alison Elliott as Mrs. Who, and Kate Nelligan as Mrs. I expected it to be bad, and it is. A theatrical feature film adaptation of the novel by Walt Disney Pictures , was released in An adaptation by James Sie premiered at the Lifeline Theatre in Chicago in , and returned to the stage in and John Glore adapted the novel as a play that premiered in It was written for six actors playing 12 parts.

An adaptation by Tracy Young premiered at the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in April , as well as at colleges and theaters around the U. In , OperaDelaware known for frequently adapting children's books staged an opera based on A Wrinkle in Time written by Libby Larsen with a libretto by Walter Green. The review in Philly. In , Hope Larson announced that she was writing and illustrating the official graphic novel version of the book.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For appearances of these characters in other novels by L'Engle see Major characters in the works of Madeleine L'Engle. Children's literature portal Speculative fiction portal. Since the first three renditions—that is, from —it has recognized a living author for a lasting contribution, considering his or her complete works.