Die Vereinbarkeit steigender Erträge mit Wettbewerbsbedingungen (German Edition)

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Betriebs GmbH. Gesellschaft m. GmbH sowie die R. Auf andere Unternehmen entfielen zusammen lediglich ca. Hierbei handelt es sich um die A. Donauturm in Wien. Personen erreicht werden, hinzu kommen ca. Sendeanlagen und keiner kann hierbei eine Reichweite von mehr als 2,2 Mio. Personen erzielen. Diese Differenz ist auch statistisch signifikant siehe t-Test. Aufschlussreich ist auch die Betrachtung der Extremwerte der beiden Stichproben. Hinzu kommt, dass die seitens der A.

Die folgenden Feststellungen beziehen sich folglich nur auf die vom ORF bzw. Ab Dadurch kam es insgesamt zu einer realen Senkung der Entgelte um ca. Waren die Preise in den Jahren bis um ca. Die Spannweite reicht hier von Entgelten, die knapp unter den korrigierten Kosten liegen bis zu Entgelten, die ca. Ihnen kommt allerdings am vorliegenden Markt nur eine untergeordnete Bedeutung zu. Anlagen gering. Regulierungsinstrumente 2.

Zugang zu den Standorten bzw. Da es sich bei den Standorten bzw. Die Zugangsverpflichtung ist jeweils durch die technische Vertretbarkeit z. Kirchweih f. Volksfest nt. Rummel m. Aufruf m. Anruf m. Ruf m. Forderung f. Kaufoption f. Abruf m. Aufforderung f. Telefonanruf m. Berufung f. Lockruf m. Besuch m. Signal nt. Kundenbesuch m. Zahlungsaufforderung f. Schrei m. Akk nennen v. However, the procedures for these three calls, which were held at close intervals,. Obwohl die drei Ausschreibungen dicht beieinander lagen, waren die.

In the case of the spec if i c FAIR call , t he number and quality [ In the case of t h e FAIR 1 call , t hi s internal [ Il Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale FESR ha erogato un sostegno al sito archeologico di Paestum per un importo di 16 milioni di euro su uno stanziamento complessivo di 30 milioni di euro a favore del.

I finanziamenti erano destinati ad arrestare e invertire il degrado degli edifici in particolare, insulae 1 e delle strutture decorative e architettoniche, limitare il rischio idrogeologico e, in generale, migliorare lo stato del sito e del suo museo. Nel quadro della politica di coesione si applica il principio di gestione condivisa e gli Stati membri decisono le misure per monitorare e tutelare il loro patrimonio culturale. Conformemente all'articolo del trattato sul funzionamento dell'Unione europea, l'azione dell'UE si limita a incoraggiare la cooperazione tra gli Stati membri e, se necessario, ad appoggiare e ad integrare l'azione di questi ultimi, tra l'altro, ai fini della conservazione e salvaguardia del patrimonio culturale di importanza europea.

One of the greatest treasures of the ancient world, Paestum in Italy, is now in a dreadful state of neglect. Some structures that are thousands of years old have been ruined by architectural blunders, including the construction of a road through the ancient arena. A sizeable proportion of these funds have been spent on facilities that have either been abandoned already or are hardly ever used.

Would be a good idea for archaeological and cultural sites in Europe to be catalogued to monitor their state of conservation? The funds were designed to stop and reverse the deterioration of the buildings especially insulae 1 and the decorative and architectural fittings, to limit the hydrogeological risk and, in general, to improve the state of the site and its museum. There are no elements suggesting misappropriations of funds or fraud relating to the project which is subject to the normal checks and audits provided for by EU regulations within the framework of the closure procedures of the programme.

In the framework of cohesion policy, the shared management principle applies and Member States decide the measures to monitor and preserve their cultural heritage. More generally, the European Union does not have a specific competence when it comes to protecting heritage. The management, upkeep, protection and conservation of cultural heritage sites are therefore primarily a national responsibility. Questa manovra ha condotto l'Italia quasi sull'orlo del default. In late the Swiss National Bank announced that it was introducing a peg, that is to say a fixed exchange rate for the euro against the Swiss franc of 1.

According to reports from various commercial banks, these euros were primarily invested in German bunds, with the result that the spread between Italian treasury bonds and year German bonds reached extremely high levels, more as a result of the fall in yields on the bunds than of an increase in the yields on the Italian bonds. This policy drove Italy to the brink of default. Does the Commission not see a need to monitor massive purchases of European government bonds by the central banks of non-EU countries in order to prevent further market distortions which undermine the financial stability of the Member States?

Does it not see a need to arrange talks with the central banks of a number of major non-European countries in an effort to find solutions to this problem which are compatible with the single currency system and consistent with the principle of the free market?

More generally, EU Member States' sovereign yields ultimately depend on economic fundamentals and the implementation of domestic policies and structural reforms. The Commission nevertheless agrees that bond markets are currently distorted and regards the fragmentation of EU financial markets as a major challenge ahead. Progress has been made collectively to tackle these problems, and it is of outmost importance that policy actions in Member States are also geared towards this end. However, it seems that there are no plans to carry out an assessment into the consequences that increasing the capacity of this high-voltage power line might have for human health owing to how close the power line is to homes.

Monitoring of such actions as regards exposure to Electromagnetic Fields EMF falls within the competence of national authorities. De asemenea, ea a contribuit la atragerea capitalului privat.

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Al doilea dialog va avea loc la Belgrad pe ianuarie Substantial funding is needed in order to fully harness the possibilities offered by the Danube Strategy and to ensure social, economic and territorial cohesion in the Danube basin. Only that will enable this area, which is of crucial importance to Europe, to become a major driver for our economy and to contribute meaningfully to improving European welfare, by contributing to stability, development and prosperity. Since Community resources are limited and, moreover, the funding absorption rate remains very low in this region, can the Commission state what measures it will take, in partnership with the Member States, not only to improve that absorption rate, but also to attract private capital to the region?

It has also assisted in attracting private capital. For example, the cooperation induced by the strategy has accelerated the implementation of an EU-funded project improving navigation conditions on the shared Romania-Bulgarian sector of the Danube. For the period, the Commission, the eight EU Member States and the six non-EU countries will ensure that the objectives of the strategy are fully taken into account in the programming of EU funds for the Region. Unfortunately, its is SMEs that are suffering most from a lack of competitiveness owing to their lesser ability to adapt to the needs of the market and their limited access to capital, technology and infrastructure.

That is precisely why we must award them priority, and why the main thing we must do is to facilitate their access to meaningful financing. Can the Commission state, in this respect, how the relevant EU legislation can be amended to boost the role of SMEs and ensure they qualify as eligible partners for investment financed through cohesion funding?

At the same time, does the Commission intend, for the next programming period , to recommend that Member States include, in their national development plans, programming axes and additional financing for SMEs, which are factors key to their development? Small and medium-sized enterprises SMEs are at the heart of cohesion policy in , as the Commission has proposed ambitious thematic concentration requirements ensuring that a large part of EU support is dedicated to them.

The Commission has also proposed that support to generic productive investment in enterprises be limited to SMEs, which can improve their access to such support. The allocation of funding depends largely on the particular development needs of the regions concerned. Die Kommission verweist darauf, dass die Einstellung hoch spezialisierter Experten aus einigen Mitgliedstaaten immer schwieriger wird.

Staff turnover overall in the Commission has been higher in compared to The Commission notes that it has become increasingly difficult to recruit highly skilled staff from certain Member States. Efforts continue to recruit higher numbers of women at AD level and ensure they are well represented in positions providing experience for future middle management responsibilities.

Bei welchen Mitgliedstaaten war dies wann der Fall? Gibt es interne Regeln, mit denen Interessenkonflikte verhindert werden sollen? Kann die Kommission Angaben zu diesen Regeln machen? Wie hoch liegt dieser Anteil insbesondere im Falle von Spanien und Italien? Mit welchen Methoden werden die strukturellen Defizite in den Mitgliedstaaten bewertet? Sind diese Modelle miteinander vereinbar? Sie unterliegen strengen Verpflichtungen in Bezug auf etwaige Interessenkonflikte und Vertraulichkeit.

Over the period, in forecasting exercises, how often have the growth and deficit levels projected for the Member States for the current year and the year after in the case of the Spring Forecast and for the year after in the case of the Autumn Forecast deviated by at least 0.

For which Member States has this been the case, and when? Which were the countries concerned, and when? Are there internal rules to prevent conflicts of interest? Could the Commission indicate what those rules are? In particular, what is this proportion in the cases of Spain and Italy? What is the methodology used to assess structural deficits in the Member States?

What changes have been made since ? What has been the impact of those changes in the assessment of the structural deficit in each Member State? Which macro models does the Commission use in its forecasts for the EU, the eurozone and the individual Member States, if any? Are those models consistent with one another? Does the Commission support the separation of economic forecasting functions from policy recommendations?

Does it support the idea of entrusting an independent body with the forecasting function?

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The Commission selects seconded national experts for their specific expertise. They are subject to strict obligations on potential conflicts of interest and confidentiality. New staff recruited to reinforce geographical units due to the crisis is supervised by experienced staff. The assessment of the structural budget balance is based on a methodology commonly agreed at EU level with two main components: the output gap. Exchanges with forecasters of other institutions and Member States are part of the forecast preparation process. Forecast numbers are not exchanged. Forecasts for the 38 countries and country groups covered by the EEF are produced by country desks with central guidance.

Contrary to policy documents, they are not subject to adoption by the political level. The EU has clearly expressed its position as regards the sailing of flotillas to Gaza, including in the framework of the Quartet. It also stated there is no need for unnecessary confrontations, and all parties should act responsibly in meeting the needs of the people of Gaza.

At the same time, Israel must abide by international law when dealing with any incoming flotilla. The EU continues to call on Israel to lift its blockade of Gaza, including the naval blockade. Spanish businesses are required to submit sales tax returns to the Ministerio de Hacienda the Spanish treasury on both a quarterly and an annual basis. The purpose of these quarterly and annual returns is to allow the ministry to cross-check the veracity of the inputs and outputs for each company, and to do this it requires a registered address in Europe for each business, as well as the fiscal identity of other businesses in their respective supply chains that collect sales tax.

I have been contacted by businesses concerned at the reticence of online retailer Amazon to come forward with this simple information. This places an unnecessary financial liability on small businesses in Spain, and presents them with bureaucratic obstacles. Is the Commission aware of this issue, and what steps will be taken to ensure that businesses supply the relevant information to other businesses? The Commission understands the question as relating to the obligation to submit VAT recapitulative statements on intra-Community transactions. Against this background, the Commission confirms that it is aware of the issue as there are clear rules concerning the submission of recapitulative statements pursuant to Art.

Member States may indeed require recapitulative statements to be submitted on a monthly, quarterly or annual basis under the conditions laid down in those provisions. The VAT Directive lays down that businesses concerned are — inter alia — required to include the VAT identification numbers of their clients to whom they supplied particular goods and services.

The details to be given in the recapitulative statement are indeed needed to enable the tax authorities of the Member States to exchange the relevant information in order to monitor and cross check certain intra-Community transactions and thus to ensure their duly taxation. Each Member State is responsible for the transposition of those EU provisions into national legislation and their correct application within its territory.

It remains a national competence of Member States to choose the respective means to assert the correct application of their national rules, which may also be done by imposing fines. This includes cases where businesses do not meet their legal obligation to supply the relevant information. The Commission has no competencies to impose a mandatory exchange of information between businesses in the case referred to by the Honourable Member.

The UK Government has said that trees have been felled in an effort to prevent the spread of ash dieback disease, while ministers have also announced a ban on imports of ash trees. Meanwhile, there have also been outbreaks in other Member States, such as Germany, the Netherlands, Romania and Belgium. It appears that the UK outbreak may have been caused by spores carried by the wind from mainland Europe, or by movements of contaminated soil and plant material. If not, does the Commission have any systems or processes in place for the sharing between Member States of information on such diseases, with a view to preventing a recurrence?

Would the Commission consider introducing a Europe-wide alert system on the spread of diseases, in an effort to trigger faster action?

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The results of these surveys are shared with the Commission and the competent authorities of the Member States. As soon as the Commission receives these notifications they are communicated to the competent authorities of the Member States through Commission electronic communication tool. I have recently been contacted by a constituent who has informed me that cobblestones present a real inconvenience for some members of society. Those requiring a wheelchair or travelling with a pushchair, for instance, find cobblestones an insurmountable obstacle which prevents them from visiting numerous tourist attractions or places of interest across Europe.

I have been informed that Trinity College Dublin has recently replaced some of its main walkways with metre-wide paths laid with large, smooth paving stones. Antique and hallowed cobblestones still surround the now smooth main pathways. This makes the college completely accessible to less abled members of the public whilst retaining its original look and features. In the light of this, does the Commission have any plans to legislate or provide any guidance in this area, making historic sites of interest accessible to everyone?

The Commission, to the extent of its competence, pays due attention to the specific needs of people with disabilities and their families in its legislative and policy initiatives. Furthermore, the Commission recognises and celebrates cities with over Beyond the competence of the European Union, the competence for the issue raised lies mainly with the Member States. We inform you that Ireland is among the three Member States which have not yet ratified the abovementioned UN Convention. More prisoners are joining the strike with each passing day.

At the current moment many prisoners are approaching the critical phase leading to the point of death. They are demanding — inter alia — official recognition of the use of the Kurdish language, the release of all political prisoners in Turkey, a permanent solution to the Kurdish question, the democratisation of Turkey and the full recognition of and respect for the fundamental rights of the Kurdish people.

The Commission has been closely following the issue raised by the Honourable Member. As a general principle, the Commission reiterates the importance of adequately addressing the Kurdish issue. The South-East needs peace, democracy and stability as well as social, economic and cultural development. This can only be achieved via consensus over concrete measures expanding the social, economic and cultural rights of the people living in the region. Finding a solution to the Kurdish issue and to all the problems in the South-East requires the widest possible contribution of all democratic forces, and an open and frank public discussion that can be conducted with full respect for fundamental freedoms.

According to articles published in the printed and online press, oil companies are causing irreparable damage in the Niger Delta. This question has been tabled before the Nigerian parliament, in a bid to put a stop to this environmental destruction.

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Is the Commission aware of this issue? The Commission is closely following the situation in the Niger Delta. The Niger Delta has been marred by not only pollution but also by civil unrest and general instability linked to oil exploitation and the resulting pollution in the region. What action is the Commission taking to exert pressure on Turkey, a candidate country for accession, in order to contribute to the efforts to verify the fate of missing persons who disappeared in ? Does the Commission know when the Turkish occupiers will allow access to the Turkish archives, kept by the Turkish army since ?

Can the Commission please explain why fishermen in Boston Lincolnshire, UK are now required to log their returns by way of an electronic log, continuously operated while at sea, whereas the previous system was a simple paper log to be presented when returning to harbour? A system, chosen by the United Kingdom UK authorities allows both to record vessel location obligatory and to transmit electronically logbook data. It can be considered as cost effective in particular because it allows the fulfilling of two obligations simultaneously. The same obligations apply without discrimination to all other EU vessels of the same size.

The verification of vessel length remains a matter for the UK's competent authority to undertake in the first instance. Dabei wird die Aufnahme von Wirbellosen nicht nur toleriert, sondern als artgerechte Haltung und Futteraufnahmeverhalten interpretiert. Nach der Verordnung EG Nr. As such they are suitable as feed for livestock, especially fish, poultry and pigs. Insects and other invertebrates are also a natural food source for pigs and poultry. Only the use of hydrolysed protein as feed would be possible. However, in its original version, the BSE regulation only contained a ban on the use as feed of protein from mammals.

The EU promotes free-range farming of pigs and poultry. Here, the consumption of invertebrates is not merely tolerated, but seen as correct procedure in terms of both animal welfare and feed intake. If so, how does the Commission substantiate the feed ban in the light of all the relevant legislation and what is the validity of this e. If so, does the Commission justify the current exemption and breach of the law in force in the case of free-range farming of pigs and poultry?

This leads to increased competition for available feed. Natural substrata which represent a natural food source for insects food and kitchen waste, food past its sell-by date containing portions of animal protein may not be used. Because of their position in the ecosystem and the food chain, insects and other invertebrates should rather be classified as primary producers of protein and therefore able to utilise substrata which are not declared to be feed.

How will the Commission take into account the special position of insects food chain, primary producer of protein in the approval of substrata for insect production? What conditions must these substrata fulfil in order for their use to be permitted for the breeding of insects without being declared to be. These provisions also apply to free-range farming of pigs and poultry. The free-range farming of poultry or pigs is not a breach from these rules since the insects picked up by pigs or poultry kept out-doors is not seen as feeding.

The Commission is currently discussing the possible re-authorisation of non-ruminant processed animal proteins PAP to be used for the feeding of non-ruminants e. In case the aforementioned Regulation is revised in this way, feeding of PAP derived from insects to pigs and poultry may be authorised. Such a revision is not expected before How many of these individuals have been audited? The exploitation of the so-called Falciani-Lagarde list is to be decided by the Greek authorities according to the Greek legislative framework ; it is not up to the Commission to decide on the precise modalities of this work.

Has the European Commission really consented to the full or partial reversal of the freeze on repossessions, given that this will cause massive social problems for hundreds of thousands of families? Which part of the bank recapitalisation programme relates to any type of bad debt held by banks as a result of the strict budgetary and income policy imposed on Greece by the Troika? We would like to inform the Honourable Member that the Commission does not comment on press reportings.

Can the Commission explain the role of the Honorary Directors-General of the Commission and explain what status and authority they have to speak on behalf of the Commission? It is not the general policy of the Commission to be represented by retired officials. Given this, will the Commission answer the following:. Has it estimated the actual size of the fiscal multiplier for Greece for the years since the start of the fiscal consolidation programmes?

What is the size of the multiplier used in the base scenario for the new package of measures due to be tabled before the Greek Parliament? Was the IMF analysis of underestimated multipliers taken into account during recent consultations between the Troika and the Greek government?

What has caused the slippages in the Greek programme? Between and forecasters had concluded that a one percent cut in public expenditure or a one percent increase in tax revenue meant a 0. A fiscal multiplier of 0. The problem is, however, that the data in question were applicable before the onset of the crisis, which has now created a climate of uncertainty in these countries, thereby affecting consumer purchasing patterns.

Can the Commission say to what extent it was in fact mistaken with regard to the fiscal multiplier, given that it is mentioned by name in an official report drawn up by an official EU partner? Will it discuss the repercussions of this miscalculation with the IMF and make any appropriate adjustments?

The robustness of recent studies on the fiscal multiplier is limited by their short time horizon and other factors that may have impacted on growth compared with what was expected. They include the confidence effects that are materialising now and from which the vulnerable countries are benefiting. In , the fiscal deficit had reached It led to the launch of the financial assistance programme in the spring of However, uncertainty and problems with implementation persisted in the first years of the programme.

Since last summer, the Greek programme has been brought decisively back on track. The agreement in the Eurogroup last December has removed the damaging uncertainty that had been hanging over Greece for too long, and paved the way for a return of confidence. In this context, the Euro area partners agreed to extend the timeline for fiscal adjustment by two years.

It is now up to the Greek authorities to ensure through determined implementation of the reform programme that this confidence continues to grow. It is becoming increasingly obvious that the situation regarding human rights in Turkey is rapidly deteriorating. News broke recently of an executive member of the BDP party in Mardin province being shot dead.

The situation has become so desperate that detainees have been on hunger strike for a while now in protest at how they are being treated. The EU has been working for some time to strengthen the human rights situation in Turkey. What further action does the High Representative intend to take to tackle the deterioration in the human rights situation that has occurred in recent weeks? What is the High Representative doing to secure the immediate release of those imprisoned without good reason by the Turkish State? As a general principle, the Commission reiterates the importance of addressing the Kurdish issue.

This can only be achieved via consensus on concrete measures, expanding the social, economic and cultural rights of the people living in the region. Finding a solution to the Kurdish issue and to all the problems in the South-East requires the widest possible contribution of all democratic forces, and an open and frank public discussion that can be only conducted in the full respect of fundamental freedoms. Moreover, the Commission has underlined at many occasions that terrorism-related provisions of Turkish legislation and the wide definition of terrorism under the Anti-Terror Law remain a cause for serious concern and are applied in a way which leads to restrictions on fundamental rights, including freedom of expression.

This needs to be changed urgently, and the Commission is looking forward to the adoption of a fourth judicial reform package to address the core of the problem. The Commission will continue to raise this issue with the Turkish authorities at all appropriate levels. The Grand Chamber of the Court of Audit one of the three supreme courts in Greece responsible, inter alia , for trying pension cases adjudicated almost unanimously that the provisions being tabled to introduce further pension cuts are unconstitutional.

In its decision, the Court stated that:. Given this and its involvement in the Troika, will the Commission answer the following:. Have its representatives in the Troika advised it that the measures being tabled conflict with national legislation and, under the Greek Constitution, violate human rights? How likely does it rate the application of these measures, which unfairly hurt certain social groups? Does it intend to request specific information from its representatives in the Troika on this very serious issue? If so, what instructions does it intend to give them in order to safeguard the national legal system?

The Greek Government has the obligation to ensure compliance of national law with the Greek Constitution. Against the background of ongoing adjustment of accumulated macroeconomic imbalances, the adjustment programme for Greece includes measures to make the adjustment costs more equitable. Pension cuts are progressive, pension reforms have been protecting the lowest income pensioners through the introduction of a universal minimum pension and the social programmes were reviewed with the aim to ensure better targeting and more effective protection of the vulnerable groups.

Those fundamental rights are often not recognised, and sometimes actively restricted, by national governments in some non-EU countries.

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During the protests of the Arab Spring, the ability to retrieve information securely and anonymously from the Internet and to disseminate it proved to be an essential means of organising protests and resistance against authoritarian regimes. What projects is the Commission currently supporting that will enable: 1 anonymity 2 the defeat of censorship mechanisms or 3 freedom of speech on the Internet?

What projects is the Commission currently supporting that will enable: 4 personal identification of Internet users 5 censorship of Internet content or 6 control of the Internet? The Commission is also considering to fund a platform that would provide near real-time situational awareness on human rights violations connected to the ICT environment. While the Commission is thus supporting some activities it is not possible to provide a full list of projects that will enable 1 anonymity 2 the defeat of censorship mechanisms or 3 freedom of speech on the Internet, because some of the projects are confidential in nature as their dissemination could compromise the personal security of third parties.

In response to the second question of the Honourable Member, the Commission does not support projects that would directly enable control of the Internet. Betrifft: Effekte von Luftverkehrsabkommen auf kleinere Fluglinien. What consequences does the Commission expect the conclusion of new air transport agreements to have for small and medium-sized airlines? Does the Commission believe that smaller EU airlines can survive and be profitable in global competition with large state-supported airlines?

Does the Commission expect the conclusion of air transport agreements to lead to an increase or a reduction in the number of airline staff employed in the EU? The EU's aviation relations with most third countries are based on bilateral air services agreements between individual EU Member States and these countries. Under these agreements, EU carriers compete with airlines from the third countries. The regulation provides for the imposition of import restrictions on fishing vessels that operate illegally and on countries that fail to effectively monitor and control their fishing fleets.

In case of infringements detected, the port Member State shall cooperate with the Flag State and the coastal State to conduct investigations and take sanctions. In order to promote compliance with these provisions, the Commission has amongst others carried out missions in five West African coastal States in order to assess the implementation of the IUU Regulation and to improve monitoring in their waters.

In parallel, the Commission took the initiative to conduct evaluation missions in several flag States whose fleets operate in West Africa in order to reinforce their monitoring and control measures. Under the IUU Regulation, verifications on the legality of the catches can only be requested by Member States to the flag States concerned.

The IUU Regulation does not foresee blacklisting process of companies, but allows for the listing of vessels involved in IUU activities. Moreover, the Member States have to take all appropriate measures to identify and sanction their nationals engaged in IUU fishing. The Commission is currently investigating other cases which depending on factual and legal assessment might lead to listing.

In parallel, eight third countries have been notified of the possibly of being considered as non-cooperative in the fight against IUU fishing. At this stage this decision does not trigger any commercial sanctions.

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    Financing needs will be alleviated by an extension in EFSF loan maturities and an interest deferral. According to figures published by the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in about immigrants crossed the Greek-Turkish border every day. The situation is expected to deteriorate further. According to UN estimates, because of the civil war in Syria, approximately people are expected to leave the country by the end of the year.

    So far about Syrians have left their homes, mostly heading for the neighbouring countries Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey, whence many try to cross the Greek borders so as to reach European territory.


    The Commission is following the situation of refugees from Syria. In order to prepare for the possibility of a rising influx, a constant monitoring exercise was activated by the Commission, involving relevant EU Agencies EASO, Frontex, Europol and stakeholders. Moreover, EASO is currently in stand-by mode to be ready to provide assistance to Member States facing particular pressure, if needed. The Commission stands ready to provide or coordinate assistance to those Member States that could find themselves under pressure.

    Such measures are activated at the request of the Member States concerned. The Commission is fully aware of the unsatisfactory situation for asylum-seekers in Greece. Greece is engaged in a full-scale reform of its migration and asylum system on the basis of a national Action Plan.


    The Commission, JHA Agencies and other partners such as international organisations are supporting the reform through financial assistance and by providing expertise on the ground. The most recent report of the European Environment Agency points out that, despite a reduction in atmospheric pollution in Europe over the last decade, maximum levels for certain pollutants, such as microparticles and ozone, are still being exceeded in many cities for a significant number of days each year, which has serious implications for public health and the ecosystems on which we depend.

    One-third of Europeans are currently being exposed to high concentrations of microparticles, the most dangerous of atmospheric pollutants. Can the Commission indicate what action is being taken in response to atmospheric pollution, which continues to be a major problem in Europe? To what extent does it anticipate that atmospheric pollution levels can be reduced in the future? The European Environment Agency has recently published a report which indicates that the high concentration of solid particles in the air is a serious problem in numerous EU regions.

    At the same time, solid particles represent one of the most serious risks with regard to air pollution because they severely damage the respiratory system and may cause premature death. If so, what concrete measures is the Committee planning to adopt in order to improve the situation in this area?

    The Commission closely monitors the Member States' attainment of the environmental objectives set in EU air quality legislation, including for particulate matter PM. This work takes full account of the latest report from the European Environment Agency. The Commission has already taken legal action against Member States for failure to comply with the PM limit values established in legislation. In order to encourage better implementation, the Commission also supports Member States, for example by developing guidelines for implementation, supporting cooperation projects between European cities and regions, and developing databases with examples of air quality measures.

    The review is to be finalised in A presentation took place very recently of the proposals put forward by the Finnish central banker, Erkki Liikanen, to separate primary banking operations from investment activities. The aim of these proposals is to ensure that taxpayers are not required to bear the cost of bailing out banks, especially where the latter are threatened with collapse due to risky investments.

    The banks, for their part, have responded, claiming that these proposals are an attempt to break them up. The Commission is currently reflecting on the results of the consultation and the appropriate way forward. Any possible legislative proposal would be accompanied by an impact assessment, including assessing the effects on European banks and on competitiveness of the European financial sector.

    However, under Single Market arrangements and provisions for the free movement of capital, which are fundamental EU principles, Ford is now transferring its Belgian production line to Germany and Spain where manpower is cheaper, thereby allowing this multinational monopoly to boost its profit margins still further. This tax can raise billions of euros of much-needed revenue for member states in these difficult times.

    This is about fairness: we need to ensure the costs of the crisis are shared by the financial sector instead of shouldered by ordinary citizens. Would the Commission also agree that the projected fall in GDP would in any case result in a net decrease in overall tax revenue for the Member States, even after FTT income is taken into account? Although the cheques for an FTT would be written by institutions, the costs of an FTT would be borne entirely by people, whether by shareholders through lower returns, by employees through lower remuneration or by customers through higher charges, the only issue being in what proportions.