The Executioners Apprentice: The Siege

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J It is, too, noteworthy, that the citizens in their reply ignore the governorship of the reverend warrior, and style him " Colonel George Walker. The Governor presents him with the keys, but he would not receive them. The next day tlie Governor, with several of his officers, dined with the Major-General at Inch.

Ash, who was an Episcopalian, gives a very different account of these transactions, and j'epresents Walker as occupying only the second place. The Governors, Mltcheiburn and Walker, were with him, one on each hand A guard was formed on both sides of the street, the officers standing at the head of their poor, half-starved soldiers, all the way from JJishop's Gate to Governor Mitchelburn's liouse, ivhcre Major-General Kirke dined. A reader of the True Account could draw no other conclusion than that Walker was the Governor, and Mitchelburn only his assistant.

The fact that Walker when in London was styled Governor by the Irish Society and others is equally inconclusive, as parties in the metropolis were led astray by Kirke and himself. Even the English Parliament was for a time deceived. Thus, at the Council held in Londonderry, on the 10th of Ai ril, loyi , the name of Lundy, who was Governor, is far down in the list. Mackenzie, who was respected by contemporaries as a pious and intelligent minister, deposes tliat he held merely a subordinate position.

The officer who commanded the soldiers in the Phoenix, when Derry was relieved, attests that, during his stay in the place, Colonel Mitchelburn "acted as sole Governor. The history of the controversy which now ensued, as given by this writer, is most unMr and erroneous.

He intimates that the only objection urged against " The True Account " by the Presbyterian ministers was that Walker had " omitted to mention their names. Neither were the Presbyterian ministers the only parties who com- plained of the" production.

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The Chatelet Apprentice by Jean-François Parot

It was felt by the brave men who had fought at Derry to be an uncandid and a party performance. Though professing. Walker's Account of the Siege of Londonderry. Dublin, The fact that Walker was only the Governor's assistant is also established by the evidence of the old historical drama, called "The Siege of Derry," where he is described as " Evangelist," and " Commissary of the Stores. II See page As to the certificate of Gervais Squire, see pp. IT History of England, V. XVI most ostentatiously professes moderation, but througliout displays a large amount of cool insolence, mingled Avith no little evasion and special pleading.

Osborne's good intentions in his proceedings : Mr. Walker is sorry they were no better understood, that he might clear him from the imputation of those mischiefs his management and advices brought on that part of the kingdom. Besides, Presbyterians had long been denied military promotion ; and if, in this emero'ency, they had no officers of the same experience in war as Colonel Baker or Colonel Mitchelhurii, they exhibited their good sense when they conferred the command on those who possessed the highest professional qualifications.

It was absurd to infer their inferiority in numbers because they met in the Cathedral in the afternoon. The Episcopal worship was over every Lord's-day at twelve o'clock, and the Non-conformists would liave been most unreasonable had they not been satisfied with the use of the building for the remainder of tlie day. Walker himself knew right well that the Presbyterians were by far the majority of both citizens and soldiers, and it is to be regretted that he permitted his sectarian feelings to betray him into equivocation as to a fact so notorious.

But the notice taken of the Presbyterian ministers in this Vindication is, perhaps, the most discredit- able part of the performance. Under the pretext of supplying his original omission in not giving a list of those who were in the place during the siege, he tries to turn them into ridicule by metamorphosing their names, or otherwise recording them inaccurately. Thus, Mr. Gilchrist of Kilrea, who is placed at the head of the catalogue, has the awful designation of Mr.

Mackenzie of Cookstown, who stands next, is styled Mr. Mackenzie was as well known in Dcrry as Mr. Walker ; and, on a most important occasion, when it was deemed prudent to enter into negotiations with the enemy, he was one of six commissioners chosen to form the deputation. Osborne by Boyse, p. The nuschevious intent cannot be m'staken.

Lord Macaulay's version of this controversy is remarkable for its flippant inaccuracy. Walker defended himself with moderation and candour. The Rev. Alexander Osborne, in reference to the affairs of the North of Ireland. Walker's most absurd attempt to under - rate the numbers of the Presbyterians is met by the following plain statement : — " In the Cathedral, in the forenoon, when the Conformists preached, there was but comparatively a thin auditory ; in the afternoon it was very full, and there were four or five meetings of Dissenters in the town besides ; and how any man will reconcile this with the number of Conformists being more considerable, or indeed near equal to that of their brethren, I cannot well imagine.

Walker, as has been stated, had excused himself for the omission of a list of the Presby- terian ministers who were in the place during the siege, on the ground that he could not learn their names ; but Boyse proves that the Reverend Colonel, when passing through Edin- burgh, on his way to London, had repeated to two clerical visitors the names of them all, with one exception. Alexander Osborne is most triumphant. Walker had not only assailed Mr. Osborne's character, but had also, with a view still farther to stain his reputation, inserted in " The True Account" a letter addressed by him to several persons of distinction in the north of Ireland.

The letter was written under very peculiar circumstances, so that it was liable to misconstruction,! The followiug is a specimen of what Lord Macaulay describes as " moderation and candour. Walker himself, but upon the present Government, with very little credit to the party he seems to defend; and all performed with such a sti-ain of dulness, such impudence, and so many lies, and so vulgarly writ, that he is below anything like an answer, or any further notice, unless of a magistrate.

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It may occur to some readers that, had the magistrate been swift to punish vulgar writing. Walker himself was in danger. Licensed, November 22, Boyse was, at this time, only about twenty-nine years of age. I See p. It would appear that there were two or three Presbyterian meet- ings in the forenoon, as well as in the afternoon, in dififerent parts of the town. Mackenzie speaks of " two or three other meetings," in addition to that in the Cathedral in the afternoon. Boyse speaks of both forenoon and afternoon. II See a more particular account of this matter, at pp.

Osborne's favour. Osborne in a public manner as an ill man and spy upon the whole North, employed by the Lord Tyrconnell, and as serving two masters, the British and the Irish, and the like, to his great disadvantage, we cannot but own that we, who had, as we suppose, good reason to understand him therein, had, and still have, better thoughts of him, and are so far from looking on him as guilty of any such matters, that we are well assured of his having intended, and done therein, the best service he could to the Protestant interest there, and that he was very faithful to the same to his utmost.

From it almost all subsequent writers, on the same subject, have derived a large portion of their materials. It is more complete and circumstantial than any other contemporary record of the transactions it describes. Before its publication the whole of what properly relates to the siege was rea.

This Narrative strips Walker of not a few of the plumes in which he had decked him- self. It furnishes the clearest evidence that he would more than once have capitulated, had he not been baffled by the vigilance and resolution of the garrison. The statements of the "True Account" and of the "Narrative" are often directly contradictory. Walker, for instance, boasts that, when his house was searched for provisions, none could be found : Mackenzie tells us that the examination was not quite so unproductive, as " beer, mum,t and butter" were discovered in it, and conveyed to the public stores.

Walker represents himself as heading the sallies of the garrison : Mackenzie alleges that he confined himself to his duties within the city, and engaged outside the walls in no sanguinary conflicts. As Boyse's Vindication of Osborne has long been a very scarce pamphlet, it has been deemed proper to republish a large portion of it in the present volume. It was compiled from various diaries kept during the siege. But it is plain, from a pamphlet published in defence of Mitchelburn in , that Walker to the last was suspected of tampering with the stores.

This statement is confirmed by what we find in a vindication of Mitchelburn, published in , and quoted in the preceding note, where it is said that Walker " appeared more conspicuous in the eating pai't than the fighting part. It is plainly suggested by the words quoted in the text. We find it subsequently noticed by a brother clergyman, not unfriendly to him.

Walker coming from Belfast, after taking a plentijul refreshment" — Ulster Journal of Archceology, lY. XIX seen approaching the boom. Mackenzie alleges that " about this time Walker preached a discouraging sermon. The sermon which Walker is said to have preached on the occasion, and which is designated the " Christian Champion," was obviously prepared for the public eye after the victory was won.

It is somewhat suspicious that, according to the printed entry on the back of the title page of the first edition, it was licensed for the press the very day on which its author attests that the boom was passed! At that agonising crisis. Walker thought little about printing or licensing sermons. John Mackenzie's Narrative a False Libel. Under the influence of this feeling, some needy Derry officers were induced to signify their dissatisfaction with Mackenzie's Narrative ; and their certificates of disapproval, though rather equivocally expressed, were paraded in the new pamphlet.

Mackenzie again presented himself be- fore the public, and in his rejoinder, designated " Dr. The title-page is ornamented with a rude likeness of the author.

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The following appear at the head of them : " We, the underscribers, officers of Londonden-y, in the following list mentioned, do hereby de- clare that Mr. John Mackenzie or any for him, never read all that part of his pamphlet, intituled, " A Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry," to them, that related to Londonderry, before the same was printed, as, in the preface to the said pamphlet, is set forth ; nor did the said subscribers assent to what they heard read, bat on the contrary, objected against several things they heard read, and having seen the said pamphlet since it was printed, do not assent to, or approve of it.

As witness our hands, this 9th day of April, 1G The next certificate is still more cautiously expressed : — " I, the under-written, did not assent to two particulars in Mr. John Mackenzie's book, viz. Walker, and the discouraging sermon, not knowing anything of them. Instead of honestly meeting the charge that Walker had repeatedly attempted to capitulate, or showing that he had acted with fidelity, his vin- dicator can only bring forward certificates stating that the reverend gentleman had " executed the place and office of Governor," joint with Colonel Baker aod Colonel Mitchelburu, and that certain parties, after having read Mackenzie's Narrative, did " not approve of it.

It offended Kirke and Walker, and its appearance at this juncture alarmed and perplexed those seeking for public empluymeut. They did not approve of it, for they apprehended that, in as far as they were concerned, its publication was. XX L'ondon, who had served at the siege of Deny, and that they had all acquiesced in its state-- ments. From such an authority there could be no appeal.

The " Invisible Champion Foiled " terminated the controversy. A few days after its publication, Walker fell at the battle of the Boyne. When he heard of his death he evinced no concern. During the siege he never enjoyed the con- fidence of either the bravest soldiers or the best citizens ; and, though he survived only eleven months, he lived long enough to prove that he possessed none of the attributes of true greatness.

Walker had a glorious opportunity of doing something to consolidate and advance the Protestant interest in Ireland. He had seen Conformists and Non-conformists shut up within the same walls ; united in opposing the same enemy ; and worshipping in the same Cathedral. It might have occurred to him that the Presbyterians, who were prepared to die on the walls of Derry rather than submit to Popery, were men whose religious convictions were entitled to respect ; and that they might henceforth be placed, at least on a footing of ecclesiastical equality, with their Episcopal brethren.

He was aware that Dr. Ezekiel Hopkins, whose income exceeded that of all the six and twenty ministers shut up in the town, had, in the first instance, exhorted the citizens to bow their heads to Popish domiua-. He might thus have been led gravely to doubt whether Episcopal government were worth the cost of its maintenance ; for, had the people submitted to the bishop, they would have betrayed the cause of their, country.

But within a few weeks after the struggle, he outraged all propriety by his vain- glorious boasting and his sectarian folly. Instead of seeking to bind Protestants together by the memory of their common sufierings, and the ties of their common faith, he absiu'dly sounded the trumpet of division. The excellent Lady Kussell, in a letter dated I9th September, , thus speaks of Walker, when his real character was yet unknown in England — "The King, besides his first bounty to Mr, Walker j;5, , whose modesty is equal to his merit, hath made him Bishop of Londonderry, one of the best bishoprics in Ireland.

It is incredible how much everybody is pleased with what his Majesty hath done in this matter, and it is no small joy to me to see that God directs him to do wisely. In the Burnet MS. Why that panegyric does not appear in the History, I am at a loss to explain. The explanation is simple. Burnet, as well as the King, had seen cause to change his mind. In a letter from Queen Mary to William, congratulating him on the victory at the Boyne, and dated July 7th , there is a passage apparently referring to the death of Walker, and to the haste with which, in the autumn of the preceding year, he had been nominated to the bishopric of Derry.

Every body agrees that it is the ivorst in Christendom : there are now bishoprics vacant, and other things. I beg you will take time to consider who you will fill them with. Appendix II. The late Bishop Mant was not an admirer of Walker. He was " more valued at the time,' says that prelate, "for his military exploits, than for his peaceful and clerical characier. Mackenzie see p. XXI champion and appropriates to liimself almost all the glory. No wonder that " The True Account" was as unsatisfactory to the soldiers as to the citizens. As the controversy pro- ceeded, the English Tories, in their ignorance, might believe, as Lord Macaulay expresses it, that Dr.

In a few years many of the defenders of Derry were no more. Some of them sunk under disease, brought on by the hardships of the siege ; and others, who were beggared by the war, and left without hope of aid from Government, died of broken hearts. Very few of those who had so faithfully served their country were suitably remunerated. The widow of Captain Browning, whose ship, the Mountjoy, broke the boom, received a gold chain and a pension. But the greater number of the officers were neglected.

Upwards of twenty years afterwards Colonel Mitchelburn was thrown into the Fleet prison, in London, for a debt contracted by him when employed in seeking some acknowledgment out of the public purse. In a pamphlet appeared, with the ironical title— "A View of the Danger and Folly of being Public-spirited, and Sincerely Loving one's Country"— in which the disgraceful treatment experienced by the men who, against such fearful odds, had maintained the cause of King William in Ireland, is fully detailed. This little work, written by Mr.

William Hamill, the agent of the Londonderry and Enniskillen regiments, states that a debt, amounting to nearly Xl40,, had never been discharged. Even the sums expended by the officers and men in piu-chasing horses, arms, and accoutrements— taken from them by Government when they were disbanded — remained unpaid ; and no compensation was made for the plundering of their houses, and the destruction of their property during the revolutionary war.

Walker's Invisible Champion Foiled," can seldom be procured on any terms. They are now reprinted, that they may be made more generally accessible, that the facts attested by them may be preserved from oblivion, and that the present generation may have the means of tracing more correctly the proceedings of the various parties connected with one of the most critical struggles in our national history. We have few materials remaining for a biography of the Rev.

John Mackenzie. He was ordained Presbyterian minister of Cookstown in During the siege of Derry he acted as chaplain to Walker's regiment, and he thus became well acquainted with the character of the Reverend Colonel. The works now reprinted attest that he possessed good sense, as well as no small share of acuteness ; and several of his manuscript sermons, still extant, supply evidence that he was a faithfid and able preacher.

He died in , aged forty-nine years. Several descendants in the neighbourhood of Cookstown, and elsewhere, still bear the name, and revere the memory, of the historian of the siege of Derry. The public are indebted for this edition of his works to the Rev. Leslie, in the first instance, suggested the reprint, and then generously patronised the undertaking.

I In the Derriana, published in , a considerable part of it is omitted. Faithjully reiwesented, to rectify the Mistalces and uqiply the Omissions of Mr. Walker's account. The most material passages relating to other parts of Ulster and Sligo are also inserted from the Memoirs of such as were chiefly concerned in them. Gratitude to Almiglitj God obliges us to record so many signal instances of His power and goodness in the preservation of that people. And it is no more than justice to those who either lost or eminently hazarded their lives in that cause to transmit the memory of those services, by which they have so generously expressed their zeal for the Protestant religion, and their affection to the present Government.

I have in this Narrative of Derry inserted the most material passages in the other parts of Ulster except Enniskillen, of which a distinct account has been given by an- other handf , and of Sligo, from the memoirs of some persons of quality, and others that were actors in them — a piece of justice due to the nobility and gentry in those parts, who, with so great expense of their fortunes, and some of them with no less hazard of their lives, endeavoured the preservation of their country.

For, by this Account, the reader may see they did all that could be expected from them ; and the chief causes to which their ill success must be ascribed, were their too great confidence in Colonel Lundy's promises and conduct, and their too early expectations of relief from England, And the behaviour of those of them that stayed in Derry, and made up almost the whole of that garrison, is sufficient to put that reproach of cowardice out of countenance, which some out of design to exclude them from being employed in the reduction of Ireland have been so industrious to load them with.

I have added in the end his Majesty's letters and instructions, because they so fully manifest his royal care and concern for the preserva- tion, not only of Derry, but of the whole kingdom. Walker was acquainted with the design of publishing it some time before he left the town. I foresee, indeed, that some who are concerned may be offended with several pas- sages that seem to reflect on some particular persons, especially Colonel Lundy, Dr. Andrew Hamilton. What is said of Colonel Lundy is no more than what was necessary to vindicate the forces at Clady from the imputation of cowardice with which he endeavoured to palliate his own conduct, to give the true reason why the chief officers left the place, and to justify the multitude in casting off his authority, when they saw him resolved on giving up the town to King James.

I may allege the same as to Dr. It was necessary to take notice of the articles against him, because they occasioned that material change in the government by the establishment of the Council of Fourteen. And the other passages were no nioi'e than requisite to disabuse the world that had been so grossly imposed on in the ridiculous attempts used to make not only a chief governor in the garrison, but a mighty hero of that gentleman, not only in the Account published in his own name, but in the papers of others who wrote their panegyrics upon him.

I shall only produce one instance of this kind out of the Obser- vations printed on Mr. Walker's Account ; for among other links in the author's chain of miracles as he calls it this is the sixth : " The unanimous sufTrage of the people in electing and constituting Mr. George Walker their commander-in-chief, than whom they could not have pitched on a person more completely adapted to so capricious an employ- ment, being a man of exquisite parts, having a neat dexterity in accommodating the humour of the rabble, a discreet temper in moderating the diversity of per- suasions, a prudent managery of the common provisions, a vigilant care in the order of guards, watches, and exercise, and an undaunted courage in lead- ing them on to the most dangerous enterprises.

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Walker in some part of the world where he is not yet so well known ; for if all the other links in his chain of miracles were like this, I am afraid that even in London, as well as at Derry, it would be mistaken for a small legend. For he does not seem so much in this character to have considered what was true, as what would represent his imaginary Governor and General as great and extraordinary.

But since Governor Baker has been thus injuriously pilfered of several of his deserved plumes, and Dr. Walker adorned with them, it was but common justice to restore them to the right owner. For what Major-General Kirk did after the siege, it could not be omitted without disappointing the just expectations of the reader, to know Avhat treatment the greatest part of that deserving people met with from him, especially when so very different from his Majesty's declared sense of their services ; and the rather be- cause his carriage since to the gentry, and other inhabitants of the North of Ireland, has been but too agreeable to it.

And I may justly add, that I have been so far from aggra- vating these matters beyond just bounds, that I have omitted several things relating to these three gentlemen that were not inconsiderable, because not so necessary or perti- nent to this Narrative. Lest any should think there is, on the other hand, too much said of some particular j ersons, who were active in the siege, I shall so far prevent that objection, as to assure the reader that as there is nothing mentioned concerning them but what they really did, so several things have not been taken notice of, though to their advantage, because less considerable than what is hero related.

One defect, indeed, I must acknowledge in this account — viz. But what I could learn that was most remarkable, I have represented with all the impartiality I could, having been rather sparing than lavish in the few characters uiven of such as were most useful. Having said thus much to obviate any cavils against the ensuing relation, I shall conclude this Preface with a few reflections on the contents of it.

The first attempts of Derry for its own preservation were very justifiable.

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Of what sort of men the Earl of Antrim's Regiment designed to garrison thei'e was made up, the Narrative gives a short but true account. And as these presumptions of their extraordinary danger were the only argument that induced a few youths at first to shut the gates, and the graver citizens soon after to concur with them for their own defence, so the argument carries that Aveight and strength with it that will sufficiently clear them from any imputations of disloyalty or sedition, in the judgment of all that are not bigots for unlimited non-resistance.

To assert that, in these circumstances, they might not justly deny entrance to the Irish soldiers, till they had remonstrated their danger to the Government, is in efteet to say, they should have taken no measures to prevent their own imminent ruin, but such as were sure to come too late. And perhaps if those gentlemen that have so freely censured them, had been in their case, their fears would for once have brought them into their wits ; for what- ever passion they seem to have for a notion they have so long valued themselves upon, as their Shibboleth, I do not see that they are more fond of slavery and destruction than other men, when themselves are in any danger of it.

For what they did afterwards, in proclaiming King William and Queen Mary, and consequently in opposing King James's army, the example of England, with the dependence that Ireland has on it, sets those actions above the need of any apology for them. It is not very easy to find a parallel instance in history where so great issues depended on the defence or surrender of so small a place. Had Derry been surrendered, the whole kingdom of Ireland had been entirely lost, and particularly that brave people of Enniskillen whose resolute opposition did not a little contribute to the preservation of Derry had been unavoidably exposed as a sacri- fice to the fury of the Irish.

King James might have poured so considerable a force into Scotland as would not only have embroiled that kingdom for that was done by a few , but in all human probability either overrun it, or at least turned it into a field of blood ; and how difficult a task it would have been in those circumstances to have secured the peace of England, where there were so many dangerous symptoms of dis- affection among too many, and a strange ferment among all, is too easy to imagine. But the defence of that place, as it obviated all these dismal evils, so it has in a great mea- sure blasted all the other designs of the Popish faction against Britain, and facilitated the reduction of Ireland, the very flower of King James' army having perished, and the courage of such as survived, sunk before those walls.

And yet scarce ever did a piople defend so weak a place with so invincible reso- lution under greater discouragements. After which Colonel Lundy and his Council were only solicitous to make the best terms they could for themselves.

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When their authority was broken by the threats of those whom they called the rabble, there was scarce a man left of any considerable reputation for experience or conduct in military aftairs. They had too great reason given them to fear some treacherous friends within, as well as a powerful enemy without, their gates. They could scarce reasonably expect any assistance from England, when those sent before had left the place as hopeless.

The ships that came afterwards under the command of Major-General Kirk never made any attempt to come up, when they had no obstacle but what the Castle of Culmore could give them, and had all the advantages of wind and tide to favour them. Nor did they make any essay till the time we were relieved, notwithstanding the frequent signs we made to them of our distressed condition. And yet, though sickness and famine then daily swept otT great numbers for it is thought that no less than ten thousand died dur- ing the siege, besides those that died soon after , we would not hear of surrendering while there was any possibility for the garrison to subsist.

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The conduct of Divine Providence, in the preservation of that city deserves our admiration and thankful acknowledgments. Besides what has been already suggested, or is more fully observed in the relation itself, I may add, That those few youths should first shut the gates against the Earl of Antrim's Regiment, when not one person of note in the town durst openly concur with thera — that the multitude should obstruct the surrender of it when signed by Colonel Lundy and his Council, after the principal ofiicers had left it, and resolutely adventure on the defence of it, under so many and great disadvantages — looks like the effect of some extraordinary impulse on their minds.

To what can we ascribe it, that in so many sallies we should lose so very few men not above eighty in all , and kill so considerable num- bers of the enemy, many more of whom are also reckoned to have died of their wounds than fell in the field, and it is supposed betwixt eight thousand and nine thousand in all perished during the siege ; that so many bombs thrown into the town should do no more mischief nay, some of them, by tearing open the ground, discovered some concealed provisions, which put us on searching for more, with good success ; that so many thou- sand Protestants, whom the enemy had driven to the walls, should be so soon dismissed again, and the shot we made at them, while at a distance and unknown, only single out their enemies.

To what can we attribute this, but the immediate care and protection of Heaven. And that when we were reduced to such desperate necessities, those two ships should so boldly attempt, and so successfully even though the wind foiled them effect our relief after the enemy had made the utmost preparation to oppose them, looks as if the Almighty chose our extremity, and the very difficulties of our deliverance, to enhance the glory of his power in it. The French cruelty in driving so many of our friends be- fore the town, confirmed, instead of weakening, our resolution to maintain it.

Those many Protestants that at the beginning of the siege left the city, and took protection, and even the great numbers thnt died the last six weeks of the siege, made those provi- sions last the longer, which, had they failed sooner, necessity would have forced us to submit to an enraged enemy, whose treaties we had so little ground to rely on, and from whom we could expect so little mercy after so obstinate an opposition. How disingenuous, as Avell as foolish, have the attempts of some been, to engross the honour of those actions to a party.

The treatment that people met with from Major-General Kirk seems very hard and unaccountable. But on this, and tlie former remark, it is needless to enlarge ; for where things so plainly speak themselves, it is but officious impertinence to make any seditious comments upon them. Several circumstances have concurred to delay the publication of this Narrative.

I saw not Dr. Walker's Account till December, and could not come hitherf before the end of January, and have since spent some time in waiting for ] apers, and consulting such as were capable of giving me any further information. If I have omitted the mentioning of any persons' names who might have merited well in the garrison, I declare it is not done of design, but for want of just information. THE noise of the Prince of Orange's in- tended descent into England in autumn, , and the preparations made in Holland for that purpose, extremely alarmed the late King James.

He, to strengthen himself the more eftectually against this expected inva- sion, commanded over from Ireland several regiments of the standing forces there, who were by that time so modelled, that they consisted almost entirely of Irish Papists ; and on these he seemed to rely as his surest friends — a fatal mistake in his politics, though all of a piece with those other measures which his own inclinations, as well as the great zeal of his priest-ridden cabal, suggested to him.

To supply the room of these regiments in Ireland, the Earl of Tyr- connel, then Lord Deputy, issued out com- missions for levying four new regiments in the four provinces of that kingdom. Of that to be raised in Ulster, the Earl of Antrim an emi- nent Papist in the North was made Colonel ; which regiment as it was commonly reported he was ordered to have complete and ready about the 20th of November then ensuing. The Lord Mount joy's Regiment of Foot a weU disciplined battalion was then garri- soned in and about Londonderry, and their colonel, several of the officers, and some of the soldiers being Protestants, the inhabi' tants of that city looked on their being there as a great security to them, and dreaded the thoughts of their removal.

But the Lord Tyrconuel, either out of design to secure himself the better at Dublin, or, as was said, with an intent to send that regiment over to England, ordered them to march up from Derry towards Dublin by the 23d of November. But the news of this new regiment of the Earl of Antrim's being intended to quarter there was very unwelcome to the inhabitants. Campsie, was removed, and Mr.

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Cormac O'Neill, of Broughsbane, near Ballyraena, succeeded. The Corporation was now remodelled, and the greater number of the new members were Roman Catholics, Hence Mackenzie speaks of it as " the Irish Corporation. O'Neill re- mained in Derry only a few days after he was sworn in as Mayor; and, on leaving, appointed Mr. Buchanan, one of his partizans, as his de- puty.

Loyalty, j;. The Sheriffs were not changed by Tyrconnell's government. And they had too just reason to believe that these rakehclls who were the very scum of the country had the hereditary inclinations, as well as the blood of their ancestors running in their veins ; and their particular aversion to this regiment was heightened by the apprehen- sions which they generally had of some mis- chievous project hatching among the Irish Papists against the whole body of British Protestants.

And these fears did not want very probable grounds to support them ; some of which it will not be improper to suggest. Many of their priests at their ordi- nary masses had declared publicly to their people, that they had some great design in hand, which would highly concern them and all their nation, whereof they should have particular notice, as soon as it was convenient: that it was their indispensible duty, at the peril of their salvation, to do whatever theu' priests should direct and enjoin them, requir- ing them in the meantime to buy and furnish themselves with the best weapons they could.

And the stories of this kind, told by some of the Irish themselves, gained the more credit, when it was observed that generally, through the whole kingdom, not only the men, but the women and boys, too, began to fiu'nish themselves with skeines and half-pikes, it being the great business of the Irish smiths in the country to make this sort of arms for them.

These were afterwards called Rappa- rees, a sort of Irish vultures that follow their armies to prey on the spoil. I shall not mention the many bold and threatening dis- courses that dropped from many of them, especially when good liquor had a little warmed their blood, or upon occasional quarrels : but I must not omit, that as seve- ral consultations of the Irish clergy were discovered, particularly in the county of Donegal, not far from Derry, where the great debates were said to arise betwixt the priests and friars, about the execution of some great design ; so a particular sermon preached by a certain friar in Derry itself to the Po] ish part of the garrison in the open market-liouse, October, , did not a little alarm the Protestants there, some of whom were, oxit of curiosity, his hearers.

The main subject of his discourse was about Saul's destroying the Amalekites, where he showed how dangerous it was to spare one of tliose wliom God had devoted to destruction, God having deserted Saul, taken tlie kingdom from him, and ruined both him and his family, for that very reason, as he certainly would all that were guilty of the like disobe- dience ; and that they were obliged always as then from Samuel to take their directions from their clergy, as from God, and punctually observe the same, at the peril of their souls.

The application was thought very easy and obvious. Some of the clergy, also, were observed to buy up fire-arms, and procured several chain-bridles to be made, some whereof were accidentally found, and seized by George Phillips, Esq. And though the news of the Prince of Orange's landing in England, Nov. But that which made the deepest impression on them was a letter dropped at Comber, December 3d, in the County of Down, where the Earl of Mount- Alexander then resided. There were letters written to others to the same purpose, as Mr. Brown, of Lisburn, and Mr.

Siege of Derry

Maitland, of Hillsborough, besides divers informations. The title became extinct iu Conning- ham, Esq. Thomas Knox,t sent an express to Dnblin vath copies of it, not only to alarm tlie Protestants in that city, but to give them the opportunity of communicating the notice of it to all other parts of the King- dom. Letters were also dispersed to the Dis- senting ministers of the adjacent counties to alarm the country ; and accordingly the copies of it thus spread through the several parts of the Kingdom added to the strong presump- tions that the fore-mentioned passages gave of such a design frighted a great number of Protestants out of it, especially about Dublin, and other parts that were more entirely under the power of the Irish.

The copy of this letter was sent by William Cunningham, Esq. Canning sent to Alderman Tomkins. A gentleman, meeting with this messenger, was informed of it, and sent his information to George Phillips, Esq. Franklin was the second husband of the Countess of Donegal. Lord Templeton is the present representative of the family. Thomas Knox was one of the Burgesses of Belfast, and one of the leading merchants there.

Edward Brice, of Broad- island. Passenger Porteus Xandau Driver Jason Cope Zwirner Emma Breschi Hostage Olivia Thirlby Anderson Rakie Ayola Chief Judge Lena Headey Ma-Ma Tamer Burjaq Ma-Ma Bodyguard Warrick Grier Caleb Wood Harris Kay Shoki Mokgapa Woman with Child Yohan Chun Girl in Window Eden Knowles Edit Storyline The future America is an irradiated waste land. Language: English. Runtime: 95 min. Sound Mix: Datasat Dolby Digital.

Color: Color 3D Stereoscopic. Edit Did You Know? Trivia When it was given a cinema release in New Zealand, the film was given the R16 rating. But, when it was released on DVD, the rating was changed to R18 and it was rated R18 for graphic violence. As the camera tracks the grenades progress across the floor, the wire used to guide it is clearly visible. Quotes [ first lines ] Judge Dredd : America is an irradiated wasteland.

Within it lies a city. Outside the boundary walls, a desert. A cursed earth. Inside the walls, a cursed city, stretching from Boston to Washington D. An unbroken concrete landscape. Mega blocks. Mega highways. Mega City One. Breaking under its own weight. Citizens in fear of the street. The gun. The gang. Only one thing fighting Q: What are the features of Dredd's handgun? Q: Was this movie shot in 3D? Was this review helpful to you? Yes No Report this.

Edit page. Clear your history. IMDb Everywhere. Follow IMDb on. U nder the mandate of the Licensing Act, the Lord Chamberlain and his appointed Examiner of Plays had the power to approve or censor any play before it was staged. The Act contained no instructions on how that authority ought to address the political, religious, or moral trespasses that it was designed to prevent. The Licensing Act, with the censorial power to amend or ban works intended for the stage, remained in effect until With no consistent standard for exercising that power, a play that had once been deemed harmless entertainment might subsequently be judged volatile and dangerous—and vice versa.

This was true, for example, of the popular enactments of Jack Sheppard. The rationale for offering the melodrama of murder and mayhem was that these plays served a moral purpose in showing villainy punished and justice triumphant.