Au large des vivants: Ceux des eaux mortes, tome 2 (Dédales) (French Edition)
Joyless Laughter: Sophocles — Hesse — Beckett. Back Matter Pages About this book Introduction Philosophy, art criticism and popular opinion all seem to treat the aesthetics of the comic as lightweight, while the tragic seems to be regarded with greater seriousness. Why this favouring of sadness over joy? Can it be justified? Questions such as these underlie the present selection of studies, which casts new light on the comic, the joyful and laughter itself.
This challenge to the popular attitude strikes into new territory, relating such matters to the profundity with which we enjoy life and its role in the deployment of the Human Condition. Client timidement : oui?!! Client soupir : Ah bon?! Qu'est-ce que vous me proposez alors?? Client : Qu'est-ce qui vous fait croire que je vais aimer cette pizza? Recettes gourmandes au soja? Mlle Denoix a fait, avant hier, une recherche sur le Net, en utilisant le moteur www. Client : Bon d'accord. Donnez-m'en deux, format familial. C'est ce qu'indique le credicard-satellis-tracer Client : J'irai chercher du liquide au distributeur avant que le livreur n'arrive.
Client : Ce n'est pas vos oignons. Contentez-vous de m'envoyer les pizzas. J'aurai le liquide. Client : Comment diable pouvez-vous savoir que j'ai un scooter?? Standardiste : Je vous conseille de rester poli Monsieur. Client : Sans voix Standardiste : Autre chose Monsieur?? Client : Non, rien. Un soir une maman qui a beaucoup de travail pour laver la vaisselle repasser les chemises Qu'est-ce qu'une luciole qui a pris du viagra? Un tripotanus. Mon mari vient d'entrer dans le restaurant La course commence C'est pas bon de se perdre en montagne Mais voila dans un coin elle trouve un joli petit perroquet, avec une petite pancarte "frs" alors elle va voir le responsable lui demande pourquoi ce perroquet est si peu cher par apport aux autres Au fait t'aimes bien la bonne bouffe?
Ah oui don la lune! L'anglais ne le croyait pas il demanda une preuve. Monsieur et Madame Mauresmo ont un fils, comment s'appelle-t-il? Comment s'appelle le chien de Bono le chanteur des U2? Un gars est assis au bar et noie sa peine dans la boisson. Le gars se tourne vers elle et lui demande: - Qu'est-ce qui ne va pas? C'est aussi ce que m'a dit me femme. Ils reboivent encore, et le gars demande: - Et qu'est-ce que votre mari ne supportait plus chez vous?
Et lui n'aime pas du tout, alors il est parti! J'en ai pour cinq minutes. J'ai fini. Ils sont en bas et tiennent une grande couverture blanche, bien tendue et crient: - Sautez! Sautez sur la couverture! Les jeunes se remettent en position et crient encore : - Sautez! Nous allons vous attraper! La rousse crie: "Pas question! Vous allez enlever la couverture et je vais me casser la figure sur le sol.
Ne t'en fais pas. On les aime bien. Les jeunes rigolent et se replacent en position, la couverture bien tendue et crient? Saute sur la couverture! J'ai vu ce que vous avez fait pour la rousse et la brune. Si vous voulez que je saute, placez la couverture par terre et reculez-vous d'une dizaine de pieds pour que je sois bien certaine que personne n'y touche. Tu peux me passer maman? Et oncle Joe? Puis papa dit: "La piscine?
Aïe Aïe Aïe !
Je suis bien au Celui-ci l'interroge: "Qu'avez-vous fait pendant votre vie? Voici les clefs de l'enfer! Et depuis quand tu la portes? Le mari rentre un peu plus tard. Lorsqu'il se couche, sa femme lui demande: "Alors! Travaille comme si tu n'avais pas besoin d'argent. Aime comme si personne ne t'avait jamais fait souffrir. Danse comme si personne ne te regardait. Si tu ne l'envoies pas, il ne se passe rien. Si tu l'envoies, quelqu'un peut sourire en le lisant. Vous ne trouvez pas? Allez un peu d'imagination.. Pas assez long! Le chat est en forme? Tu aurais pu me dire qu'il se promenait sur le bord du balcon.
Et maman, elle va bien? C'est donc entre les deux demi-tours qu'a lieu sa sniffette. Ce feuilleton n'est qu'une entreprise de propagande. Si les restaurants fonctionnaient comme Microsoft Serveur: - Bonjour monsieur! Client: - Il y a une mouche dans ma soupe! Client: - Non. Serveur: - Moui Essayez donc de la manger avec une fourchette, par exemple. Client: - Hmmm Client: - Ben Vous rappelez-vous de TOUT ce que vous avez fait avant de remarquer qu'il y avait une mouche dans votre soupe?
Client: - Vous avez plus d'une soupe du jour par jour? Serveur: - Bien entendu, monsieur. Le soupe du jour change toutes les heures. Client: - Bien.
Et quelle est la soupe du jour en ce moment? Serveur: - La soupe du jour est actuellement Client: - Parfait! La soupe du jour, et l'addition de monsieur. Client: - C'est de la soupe aux pommes de terre. Serveur: - Hem, en effet. Client: - Beuh. Cela ne fait rien. Serveur: - AARH! L'addition: Soupe du jour. Petites blagues.. Pourquoi Jean Marie Le Pen s'arrache-t-il les poils blancs du cul? Pour laisser les noirs dans la merde.. Quand j'ai peur, je suis noir. Quand je vais au soleil, je suis noir. Quand je suis malade, je suis noir. Dans un bar un gars arrive joyeux: - Moi j'ai un QI de !!
Un autre gars arrive: - Moi j'ai un QI de !! Ta montre est Suisse. Ta chemise est Hawaiienne. Tes vacances sont Turques, Tunisiennes ou Marocaines. Tes chiffres sont Arabes. Ton Christ est Juif. Pourquoi n'y a-t-il pas de MMs blancs? C'est le dernier jour de classe, dans quelques heures, c'est les vacances.
Le premier de la classe, avec ses super note est certain, de gagner. Comme convenu, elle s'en va. R: Mon nom est Susan. R: Oui. R: Aucun. Q: Il y avait des filles? R: Orale. Q: Et Mr. R: Non. Le comble est qu'en dehors de sa chambre il y a encore cartons qui l'attendent. Dans l'autobus, un type assis en face d'une jeune femme la regarde avec insistance. Et la pub disait: "Dix fois par jour, sept jours par semaine, dans les 2 sens. L'important pour eux, c'est que les Anglais n'en aient pas une goutte!!! Il est le meilleur client de la distillerie irlandaise.
L'Europe est en marche.. Nous sommes en septembre Essayez de faire le test ci-dessous sans tricher. Faux il y en a six C'est pas des blagues!
Full text of "French engravers and draughtsmen of the XVIIIth century"
Revenez plus haut et comptez encore! Le cerveau ne peut traiter 'OF'. Incroyable non? Trois est normal. Moins de trois on change ses lunettes. Made in Japan! Elle rentre chez elle! Comment faire pour qu'une blonde se suicide? Tu installes un miroir dans le fond de la piscine? On ne peut mettre que 3 doigts dans la boule de bowling.
Quel est la difference entre une blonde et un ordinateur? Que dit une blonde quand elle voit une pelure de banane par terre? Comment appelle-t-on un fonctionnaire qui travaille 2 heures par jour : Un hyperactif. Et 2 hommes sur une branche d'arbre? Et 3 hommes sur une branche d'arbre? Le professeur prend alors un sachet rempli de gravillons et le verse dans le bocal. Le professeur se saisit alors d'un petit sac de sable et en verse le contenu dans le bocal. Si vous commencez par mettre le sable dans le bocal, il ne restera plus assez d'espace pour le gravier ou les pierres.
Soignez les grandes pierres en tout premier lieu, ce sont les choses qui comptent vraiment. Le fermier, en grogne, se dit: - Bon, je me suis encore fait avoir! Ce coq ne vaut rien! Le coq saute tout ce qui bouge dans la ferme: vache, cochon, poulet Mon Dieu, Ta gueule! Tu vas les effrayer! J'ai jamais eu aussi chaud de ma vie Une femme nue, se regarde debout devant la glace. J'ai besoin d'un compliment!
L'eveque s'est deplace specialement au seminaire pour leur faire passer un dernier test : Le fameux test du celibat. L'eveque conduit les trois candidats dans une piece, et leur demande de se deshabiller. Lorsque tout le monde est pret, une superbe fille entre dans la piece et vient se placer devant le premier candidat. Elle entame un strip-tease torride.. Emportez vos vetements et courrez prendre une douche froide. Vous en profiterez pour prier et mediter sur votre faiblesse charnelle.
Pendant ce temps, la jeune fille qui s'etait placee devant le second candidat avait continue son strip-tease. Arrivee a la petite culotte, on entend.. Une douche froide et des prieres pour toi aussi. Et le second candidat quitte la piece. A ce moment, la jeune fille est deja toute nue, en train de danser et de prendre des attitudes toujours plus suggestives devant le troisieme candidat.. Mais rien. Mais aucune reaction.. L'eveque est tres satisfait et il dit - Michael, mon fils, je suis vraiment fier de toi.
Tu deviendras pretre tres rapidement. Maintenant tu peux aller rejoindre tes deux compagnons sous la douche.. Un jour, un des deux copains meurt dans un accident. Et pour cinq dollars? Pour quel genre de femme me prenez-vous? Maintenant, nous ne faisons que marchander Je ne sais pas ce que c'est ". Les murs s'ouvrirent et la dame roula jusque dans la petite salle.
L'unique chance de survie est une greffe de cerveau. Alors un long moment de silence s'installe. Le temps ici n'est pas trop mauvais. Lucie lui a dit que oui. Si tu vois Marguerite, passe-lui le bonjour. Si tu ne la vois pas, ne lui dis rien. Eh bien les Belges, une fois, sont aussi forts qu'eux, et je me fais un plaisir de vous communiquer leur langage informatique. La Joie courut au milieu du jardin. La Folie continuait de compter tandis que ses amis se cachaient. Personne ne l'avait vu.
Mais elle ne trouvait pas l'Amour. La Folie ne savait pas quoi faire. L'Amour accepta ses excuses. Aujourd'hui, l'Amour est aveugle et la Folie l'accompagne toujours. La Bible le dit. Un point c'est tout", affirma-t-elle. A votre avis, quel serait le meilleur prix? Un ami affirme que ceci est applicable aux mexicains, mais pas aux canadiens. J'ai besoin de lunettes pour lire. L'histoire se passe dans une tribu en Afrique. Il lui dit: "Mon fils, je suis le meilleur baiseur de tous les temps. Apres tu essaieras. A vous. A VOUS. Canadiens : Ici c'est un phare. Nous effectuons une collecte..
Mais il en reste toujours sur le papier. Tu es surpris mais fier que cela vienne de toi.. Certaines coulent d'autres flottent.. Qu'est ce que c'est ce qui suit blague de geek inside? Une femme attend trois enfants. Le lendemain le dernier enfant vient et lui dis: - Maman maman je Chat ou chien? Donnez-lui un peu de temps pour qu'il ferme sa gueule et avale. Prenez le chat dans le creux de votre bras qui saignera le moins. Forcez l'ouverture de la gueule du chat et poussez la pilule au fond de la gorge avec votre doigt.
Ignorez les grognements du chat. Frottez la gorge du chat vigoureusement. Prenez une autre pilule. Dans la cuisine videz une armoire. Sortez une bouteille de scotch et prenez-en un coup. Buvez un autre coup. Jetez votre chandail et prenez-en un nouveau de votre garde-robe. Trouvez des gants pour gros travaux dans le garage. Placez la pilule dans sa gueule suivie d'un gros morceau de viande. Soyez ferme. Laissez tomber par terre. Une seule copie suffira.. Si une personne n'a pas de licence pour un de ses bagages, l'avion explose et la police arrive pour faire un constat.
Vous la mangez et vous mourrez de faim. UNIX : Quand le serveur arrive avec une immense pizza de kilos environs, vous faites une attaque et vous en mourrez. Linux : La meilleure pizza, tout simplement. Les plus chanceuses se font acheter et laver le cerveau. Tout se passe dans les coulisses. Oublier de payer sa cotisation est puni de prison. Seules exceptions, les nouvelles victimes, le temps qu'elles oublient qu'il y a un monde dehors. L'argent prime tout. Un benchmark peut se truquer.
En tout cas, elle est ailleurs que dans les discours. Un contrat ne lie que celui qui y croit et la corruption n'est qu'un moyen. Or, la fin justifie les moyens. Le Parti Windows est quelque part entre le fascisme communisme version et la scientologie. Linux : Ses partisans sont apparemment incapables d'autocritique. Chaque membre en ayant sa version, tout le monde est content. C'est le culte du chef. Il est un moyen de discriminer les utilisateurs : Linux est le choix du fort, le faible n'est pas capable de l'utiliser.
Linux est darwiniste. Un parti linuxien serait anarchiste, tendance totalitaire si on laissait faire certains de ses membres. Contentez-vous de croire.. L'argent est maudit et payer satanique. Il faut payer de sa personne. Pour eux, le simple utilisateur doit tenter de comprendre toutes les arcanes de la Foi GNU.
Chacun a droit au Salut. Titanic 95 : C'est le plus grand, le plus lourd, le plus beau. Par manque de canots de sauvetage, pas mal de processus seront perdus. Par contre il est permis aux passagers de donner des ordres au capitaine. Lancez la cuisson par : msmwave -dinn Si vous trouvez que c'est trop cuit, ou pas assez, c'est que vous ne savez pas ce qui est bon. Chaque plat cuit est transmis au constructeur par Internet. Vous devez juste les mettre dans le four. Elle ne ment jamais. Elle adore communiquer, elle est souple et aime le changement. Elle vous sourit toujours quand vous l'allumez.
BeOS : Elle est fabuleuse. VMS : C'est la vieille tante qui pique. Et il faut bien que jeunesse se passe. Pour ceux qui aiment les militaires! Il lui fait "Mademoiselle pour 5 sesterces accepteriez vous ma compagnie? Bla bla bla La blonde en chuchotant: - Oh pardon, je voudrais un hamburger, un grand coca et une grande frite.. Un touriste a Ajaccio prend contact avec l'autochtone : - C'est un bien beau pays que vous habitez la.
Quelques jours passent. C'est un vol long courrier d'Air France au dessus du Pacifique. Non merci, j'ai pas envie de prendre la honte si on nous surprend! Maintenant prend moi j'ai vraiment trop envie! Le meilleur de candelero Pour les amateurs de sport, c'est un bonheur..
Nelson : Gardez votre fair-play Philippe.. Nelson : Nous nous connaissons depuis longtemps Philippe, je vous en prie.. Nelson A propos de l'anniversaire de Candeloro : Nelson : Je vais vous faire la bise pour l'occasion. Candeloro : Mais pas sur la bouche, pas d'histoire de fesses entre nous Nelson.
Mais dis moi, tu va faire quoi pour vos 50 ans de mariage? Messages subliminaux.. NOwadays, NOthing much has changed. After the NOvember presidential elections things may turn bad. I have NOthing more to add NOw. You kNOw what I mean. Yours truly, Harry. Mais je l'adore, je l'a-do-re!! Je suis vraiment verni! L'Autriche et c'est pas bien. L'Australie des bouquins de q. Une nympho de 13h ou une nympho de 20h. Pourquoi cette question? Pris de panique, il ne dormit pas de la nuit. Je ne t'ai jamais vu travailler aussi tard!
Je suis tellement malheureux et je me sens pitoyable Je vous demande humblement de me pardonner. Je sais que pour vous la vie est dure Elle s'avance alors et entame le dialogue : - Excusez moi mais voudriez vous me rendre un service? Quoi au juste? Cette fois-ci le monsieur se fait un peu moins prier et la vieille dame obtient satisfaction. Elle se rend au manoir. Avalez cela! L'immonde bossu se penche alors sur la dame, ouvre sa braguette et dit : - Je vais t'en foutre moi du Alain Delon!
Quel est le moyen le plus rapide pour faire fortune? Vengeance contre les blagues belges. ELLE : Non? ELLE : Alors, pourquoi ne te remarierais-tu pas?
LUI : Bon, d'accord, je me remarierais si cela peut te faire plaisir!.. ELLE l'air triste : Tu te remarierait? LUI : Ben oui?.. ELLE : Et tu dormirais avec elle dans notre lit? ELLE : Tu remplacerais mes photos par les siennes? LUI : Heu.. ELLE : Et elle se servirait de ma voiture? LUI : Non, elle ne sait pas conduire.. ELLE LUI : Eh meeeeerde.. Le pasteur dit alors : - Attendez voila quelqu'un du golf.
Le groupe reste silencieux un moment et le pasteur dit : - C'est si triste. Le medecin ajoute : - Bonne idee. Et moooi je vais contacter un copain ophtalmologiste pour voir ce qu'il peut faire. Quand vous avez une femme et une maitresse chacune d'elle suppose que vous passez votre temps avec l'autre et vous avez alors le temps de passer au labo et de travailler un peu. Il se baissa ramassa la grenouille et la mit dans sa poche. La grenouille lui demanda alors : - Quoi qu'est-ce qu'il y a? Alors pourquoi tu ne m'embrasses pas? J'ai pas le temps d'avoir une petite amie. C'est un homme qui sort de chez lui le soir pour aller acheter des cigarettes.
Ma femme va me tuer! Puis il lui dit "au revoir" et il rentre chez lui. Si vous vous coincez un doigt dans la porte du taxi ou autre dites FOC. Si quelque chose vous semble cher dites FOC. Ouat da foc Iou ouant? Deux fonctionnaires sont en train de soupirer au bureau. Le Directeur arrive dans le bureau et demande : que se passe-t-il ici? Je vous ordonne de rentrer chez vous. Je ne veux plus vous voir avant au moins 2 jours!!! Cochin le fils Cathelin, Louis-Jacques. Portrait of Le Bas. Cochin le fils, ; grave 90 Le Bas, Jacques-Philippe. La Marchande de Beignets 93 Pasquier, Jacques-Jean.
Le depart pour Paris. Manon en prison. Delaunay, Nicolas. Moreau le jeune. Baquoy, Jean-Charles. Le Rossignol. Heliogravure Given in the large paper edition only. Gaucher, Charles-Etienne. Heliogravure Simonet, Jean-Baptiste. Les Graces vengdes. Malbeste, Georges. Moreau le jeune 1 09 Ghendt, Emmanuel de. En tete. Marillier, Pierre-Clement. Heliogravure 1 10 Gravelot, Hubert-Franqois. Viola and Olivia. Oxford, Gravelot, Hubert-Francois.
Promenade a deux. Drawing in the colledtion of M. Jacques Doucet Similigravure Le Mire, Noel. Le Misanthrope corrige. Le Connoisseur. Conversation with a Romish Priest. La Galerie du Palais, or the Unlucky Glance. Gra- velot. Corneille, Geneva, Preparation en eau-forte Eisen, Charles-Dominique-Joseph. Saint-Aubin, Germain de. Saint-Aubin, Gabriel de. Reunion dans un pare. Cabinet des Estampes. Stance de physique a la Monnoie.
Jacques Doucet. Saint- Aubin, Augustin de.
- Becoming the Sign: Sacramental Living in a Post-Conciliar Church?
- plein jeu #2?
Dernidre heure de Madame de Rebecque. Moreau, Jean-Michel. Little girl asleep. Le Retour de Claire. Moreau le jeune Boilly, Louis-Leopold. La Queue au Lait. Drawing in the collection of Madame Aboucaya Prieur, Jean-Louis. La F6te de la FCdCration. MusCe du Louvre. This drawing shows the Triumphal Arch ereCted in honour of the occasion Ollivier, Michel-Barthelemy. Study of a woman sitting on the ground Similigravure L53 Lavreince, Nicolas. La Marchande de modes. Gouache in the col- lection of M. Heliogravure 1 54 Debucourt, Louis-Philibert.
Le menuet de la marine Heliogravure Lepicie, Bernard. La petite fille au volant. Wille MCm. Basan, DiCt. Cochin, Mem. Dario Not. French Architects and Sculptors, etc. XIX - La Toilette. Nicolas Ponce, after Baudouin. To treat of them chronologically or to break up their work into sections according to the subjeCt would be to give this volume the character of a text-book — useful, perhaps, but unreadable. I have therefore again attempted to seleCt the man in each division who has impressed me as a typical personality, and to group round him others who appear less marked in character or who present features which may be emphasized by way of contrast.
The notice of the Comte de Caylus with which this volume opens has been reserved till now because, though he exercised during the early part of the century an extraordinary influence over every branch of art, his own practice connects him specially with engraving. His close alliance with Mariette carries us naturally to the consideration of that famous printseller, collector and publisher, who, if he engraved little, bought and sold a great deal. In conjunction with de Caylus, Mariette exercised an authority with which, as long as they lived, every dealer, draughts- man and engraver had to reckon.
In this connection Basan — whom Mariette appointed to deal with his collections — cannot be overlooked. When we come to the engravers and draughtsmen proper the first thing that strikes us is their marvellous power of drawing — due to the severe studies of which they possessed the wholesome tradition.
The Drevet — those great engravers of portrait — were the direCt heirs of Nanteuil, and to them Daulle, Beauvarlet, Wille and their pupils were deeply indebted. It was the fashion to engrave in the eighteenth century. Everybody of distinction knew something of the use of the needle or the graver, and lengthy would be even a list of amateurs, some of whom — like de Thiers or the Chevalier de Valory — left a considerable group of work. They contented themselves, after the fashion of Campion, 1 the gallant controleur general , with a dozen or so examples of a skill by which they paid homage to the divinity of the moment : — a Mme.
They were all delighted to sit to him. The list, which begins with Madame Vigee Lebrun and includes Lady Hamilton, is a long one, and his charm is said to have been sufficient to soften even the bitterness of captivity to the outraged Pius VII. Throughout the eighteenth century the etching needle was never out of their hands, though few, if we except Watteau, Oudry perhaps, and Fragonard, ever attained to a high degree of skill or showed any originality of method. The student days in Italy generally saw the birth of these attempts.
He was Director of the Imperial Galleries during the reign of the first Napoleon, and had an enormous influence on the movement of the arts. In , after having resisted obstinately the removal of the spoils amassed in the Louvre, he resigned his post. Amongst amateurs, the learned, self-consequent nephew of Madame de Maintenon, the Comte de Caylus 1 — whose authority and influence form one of the most remarkable features of the day — stands in the front rank. The importance of his position, the very nature of his faults and failings, his vast pretensions, real merit and indifferent accomplishment combine to make him an admirable representative of the wealthy amateur in the earlier half of the century, just as we find in Watelet and Saint-Non the finished pattern of the inferior types fashionable at a later date.
The exaggerated seriousness with which Caylus took himself might be expedited of a man who had sat on the knees of the Great King, 2 but we may recoiled! Perhaps, indeed, in the beginning of his relations with artists he had no such scheme. No estimate of his charadter will be just that omits to reckon with his real love of and devotion to the arts, or to take into account that he most certainly knew more about them than any other amateur of his day.
He was not only a draughtsman and etcher of no mean excellence, but all that experience which may be won by the constant direction of the attention and steady train- ing of the powers of perception was undoubtedly his. II partit avec M. Desalleurs a la Porte Ottomane. Rich and well- placed, he abandoned the dignities of the Court 3 and the pleasures of his class in order to devote himself to literature , 4 to archaeology, to every branch of art. Miintz from an unpublished MS. When the growth of his collections forced him to seek larger quarters, he built an hotel in the rue Saint-Dominique.
He returned always to his favourite occupation with renewed zest and vivacity. The slight but not unintelligent point with which they are indicated has an attraction denied to the more ambitious facsimiles of drawings and reproductions of set and solid work. See also August 1st, , and January 10th and November 27th, , for other gifts, and Catalogue of the Chalcographie du Louvre, Nos. De Caylus himself had never married, but he inherited at the age of sixty-eight, from an uncle who had taken service with Spain, an income of 60, It.
He demanded and obtained from Louis XV. See Appendix A. Before presenting the original drawings of Bartoli to the Cabinet du roi, Caylus had them engraved and coloured at great cost. The one is full of errors ; the other, especially where works of sculpture are concerned, shows — whether we recognize the hand of Bouchardon or of Caylus — a pure travesty of classic style. All the same our debt to Caylus remains immense.
We can- not be too grateful to the man who devoted his fortune to bring together these vast collections, who gave his time, his labour, his intelligence to the scrupulous exactitude of their description, and who did so much in this and in every other direction to raise the level of taste in his day. He could prefer Vasse 5 to Pigalle, in which he was certainly wrong, and we may be sure that Cochin says no more than the truth when he avers that Caylus, if he had given a hasty judgement, was loth to retraCt or modify it — a most usual weakness with critics. But when we have made all deduc- tions, there remains a remarkable man, one whose character and life had unity and dignity, one who deserves something more than to be remembered only as the friend of Watteau, the lover of Mademoiselle Quinault-Dufresne 6 and Madame Geoffrin, the 1 His collection of engravings and drawings was sold in London, after his death, in This, it has been suggested, preceded by two years the date of her relations to de Caylus.
The quarrel with the Encyclopaedists, which began with their intentional exclusion of de Caylus from their list of authorities, 1 embittered the last years of his life and had no doubt contributed to develop hostile relations between himself and Marmontel. Neither side could tolerate the pretensions of the other and de Caylus dealt with Diderot as insolently and more frankly than Diderot dealt with him.
Watelet belonged to the new generation, de Caylus represented the old. Nisard, Pacciaudi was librarian to the Duke of Parma. See E. Bleue, 29 Mai, Claude-Henri Watelet , 2 born to great wealth , 3 employed his riches to make his collections perfedt and to lead an easy life with a picked circle of friends. On his return, Watelet was naturally regarded by de Caylus as a promising disciple. Des que la plaie fut fermee, il se rendit avec empressement a nos occupations. Porte entre les bras de ses domestiques, il sembloit laisser a chaque lieu une portion de sa vie.
Honoraire associd libre, Cochin le fils. Le Comte and his wife be regarded as inconsiderable. Elle quitta son mari, ses biens et son pays pour aller vivre avec Watelet. Le Comte est toujours comblee de politesses, de prevenances et detentions sur tout et en toute occasion. Watelet, a great lover of art, a dis- tinguished man of a sweet and attaching character who had made many friends. In his enchanted isle, I found him in keeping with all his surroundings : he received there with grace and simplicity a small but perfectly well-chosen set.
A friend, to whom he had been attached for thirty years, lived in his house. Il dtoit un esprit inquiet et qui ne pouvoit demeurer en place. Il suivit M. From its style it is more probable that it was written by Watelet to his caissier , Roland, than to M. See Wille, M6m. II sait peindre, il sait graver, il a fait des vers, mais tout cela dans un degre si mediocre que le moindre des artistes est infiniment au-dessus de lui.
Gruyer to look over the drawings of one of the most widely celebrated — Carmontelle. The interest which his drawings excite is in- dependent of any artistic value ; it is simply that of a chronicle of things and people out of sight. His work is by no means remarkable, but it had a great social success. Wattelet son oeuvre pour le Cabinet 61 e 6 toral. It excited the ire of Diderot. He was the son of a shoemaker named Carrogis, whose shop was at the corner of the rue des Quatre-Vents. It is supposed that he took his second name in order not too constantly to recall that of the shop.
See the notice by Mme. One drawing, that of the Calas family, is historic. Grimm tried in vain to induce Wille to engrave it, and it was handed to Delafosse. Both these works had sketches by Carmontelle for their basis. The few portraits which he etched himself show that their author might easily have rivalled Watelet, and that is all.
The only amateur whose execution rises above this level is Antoine de Marcenay de Ghuy, 2 and he is an exception proving the rule, for though always reckoned as an amateur, he appears to have no title to this indulgence except good birth. Demarcenay inv. Possibly the check to his ambition, by disgust- ing him with painting, threw him back on the practice of an art for which he had more aptitude, and in which he could appeal to Wille for pradtical counsel and guidance.
From his close association with this great engraver, de Mar- cenay doubtless drew a certain strength, just as his years with Fragonard and Hubert Robert fortified the taste and talent of the abbe Richard de Saint-Non, 1 whose zeal and devotion to the great work on which he spent his fortune entitle him to be regarded as the most distinguished amateur of the second half of the century. He had inherited artistic tastes from his mother — daughter and grand-daughter of painters of the family of Boullogne. Proof-reading, careful critical examination of the text, were the least of the aCtual drudgery which devolved on him, and, in this respeCt, as well as in the distribution of the subjects of the illustrations to the engravers — whom he treated with an open-handed generosity — he showed the same devoted temper of self-abnegation, reserving for his own execution only the simpler ornaments at the foot of the page, in which figured antique vases or groups of fruit and foliage.
Complete also was the ruin of its creator. Subscribers had become weary of the drain on their funds, and in order to keep his engagements de Saint-Non had been compelled to throw into the gulf not only his own fortune but that of his brother. Throughout this desperate struggle with adverse circumstances, de Saint-Non was sustained by the fire with which he pursued his unselfish ends.
His character in this respeCt presents a remarkable contrast both to the epicureanism of Watelet and to the formal dignity of de Caylus. All three men are types of their century in its successive phases of development. The whole attitude of de Caylus, with its manifest assumption of authority, is reminiscent of the traditions of the Grand Siecle ; Watelet personifies the lighter philosophy by which they were replaced, but the spirit of de Saint- Non had been stirred by the breath of the coming revolution. His friends were Rousseau and Franklin ; he had generous illusions which consoled and fortified him in disaster and the hour of death.
He closed his eyes in the firm faith of a great national renewal ; 3 1 Faujas de Saint-Fond, the geologist, and Dolomieu de Gratet de Dolomieu , were amongst those who undertook special portions of the book. Mariette 1 qui, pour ainsi dire, etoit toujours a genoux devant lui. Mariette, cette lettre, lui ayant confie son idee sous la promesse du plus grand secret. Mariette faisoient tres assiduement leur cour a M. Le premier donnoit par la bonne opinion de son goust, et le second en tiroit de la consideration et presque touttes les contre- preuves de ses desseins.
Each found in the other qualities in which he himself was more or less lacking. The varied acquirements of de Caylus, his tendency to dogmatic system and theoretic speculation were a stimulus to the intelligence of Mariette, who, inheriting narrower traditions and special training, was inclined towards the exhibition of pure connoisseurship, backed, it is true, by an amazing store of exadt learning.
The influence which they combined to exercise on their contemporaries was of incalculable importance. Just when superior direction was failing, de Caylus eredted a standard of attainment which was of the highest character : when the passion for prettiness and fantastic graces threatened to blind men to the larger virtues of art, Mariette, strong in the immense authority of his unrivalled collections which formed, as it were, an incontrovertible body of doCtrine, called their attention to the work of men who had won the heights, to the great periods which have left us the masterpieces of the arts.
See Appendix B. It appears to have come into the family from Langlois dit Chartres, who died in , leaving a widow who married Pierre le fils. Delatour, in error, gives her to Denys, whose wife was Justine Abonnenc. Mariette and Basan. Their traditions were preserved with noble dignity by Pierre-Jean, and one may see, even from chance references made by Cochin, how striCtly he kept to his own class — married in it, lived in it, sought alliances for his children in it — at a time when his close relations with the great and powerful would have enabled him to gratify less worthy ambitions.
Mariette comme un aigle en ces matieres. On such a point Mariette might now be held to have been wrong. The weakness inherent to the position taken up by himself and de Caylus was that it led to a doctrinaire assumption of the merit of all work — no matter how poor in quality — executed ac- cording to certain canons of taste, and to the condemnation of all — no matter how graceful and brilliant — in which these canons were not respeCted. No doubt they quite honestly preferred the feeble elegance of Vasse to the vigorous bravura of Slodtz, neither of whom, however, was in the least likely to have felt the beauty of the structure they were proposing to decorate.
As regards taste, even in his own special province, the judge- ments of Mariette have not always been confirmed by posterity. It is, indeed, impossible, even for one as brilliantly endowed as he, not to be biassed occasionally by some capricious fancy or strain of personal prejudice. Percy Mariette, whom I have to thank for these details. Brochant left a collection of engravings, drawings and pictures, etc. See Appendix C. It passed from Crozat to Mariette, and Mariette was convinced of its authenticity. He refers to it with unmeasured admiration in the notes published by Gori in the first volume of his edition of Condivi, which appeared at Florence in See also Nos.
It will be found again reprinted by the editors of the A. Dario, vol. The sixty drawings were acquired by Mariette. See No. Dario, Mariette, t. Eight years later, on the death of Crozat, the drawing now in the Louvre became the property of Mariette, whose admiration for its quality withstood even the comparison with important and authentic work by the master of which he was possessed. On this one occasion his habitually direct judgement was warped by the desire which constantly betrays the ordinary col- lector — the desire to recognize unique importance in his own possessions.
The one slip made by Mariette is conspicuous only by contrast with the innumerable proofs of his consummate connoisseurship, which constitute his claim to take a higher place than can be conceded to any other amateur. His special distinction consisted in the fine taste which led him instinctively to the work of great periods, and which rendered him insensible to the caprices of fashion.
He was born to great opportunities. Not the least of these was offered by the collections formed by his father and grandfather, who seem to have carried on their business with the object of reserving for their own portfolios everything that they thought to be of exceptional interest or beauty. Trained by daily contact with the treasures stored in his own home, Mariette was ready, at an age when most men are but at the threshold of life, to take advantage to the full of the relations which his father had acquired in the conduct of his affairs. Miintz, , p. Percy Mariette was not the motto of his great ancestor.
In undertaking this vast enterprise Mariette had the advantage of a forerunner. First Architedt to the Venetian Republic. Mariette had known Rosalba Camera at Venice, during his Italian tour, and when she came to Paris in , she visited him and his mother in the rue Saint Jacques. From the journal kept by her during her stay 5 we get not only an entertaining picture of the crowd of fine ladies and gentlemen by whom she was besieged, 6 but an exaCt notion as to the regular guests of the house.
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Amongst these one of the most assiduous was de Caylus, who busied himself, as we have seen, with the reproduction of the magnificent collec- tion of drawings which Crozat had himself brought back from Italy in Sensier, appeared in Venne pure M. Mariette was, also, it may be noted, the publisher of this costly work, 3 but the printing business in which he had engaged two years before his marriage 4 was abandoned in , when it was sold to Louis-Fran5ois Delatour, the writer of the not always accurate note on the family of Mariette already quoted.
Usteri de Neuenhof. Je lui marque que M. An edition of the work was published by Didot in In the second and somewhat fuller MS. I have seen it suggested that he was not one of Mme. A year or two later Cochin again mentions his presence at Mme. Mariette car le temps etoit fort mauvais. La Croix and Mile. Le Blanc — the first and second maids of Mme. Mariette survived her husband and the arrangements made during her lifetime as to the employment of her fortune when the four children of the house were married and dowered 4 seem to have been answerable for the sale of the unique collection which was the glory of Paris.
It was felt by the small group of connoisseurs who continued the traditions of the Grand Siecle that the treasures accumulated during more than a century by three generations of iconophiles — the last of whom was the most illustrious known — ought not to be allowed to leave the country. A movement was set on foot to secure for the Bibliotheque Royale this priceless collection and so realize the wishes of one who had in his lifetime patriotically refused the brilliant offers made by the Empresses of Austria and Russia, the King of Prussia and the EleCtor of Saxony.
Elle a produit plus de , It. Mariette et le reunir a celui de Sa Majeste. Pierre, Cochin and Lempereur were told off to negotiate with the heirs, but their expeditions had been raised by the large sum — 69, 1. Their expeditions were dis- appointed ; the sale of November 15th, , only realized a sum inferior by 1 1, 1. Joly, in the bitterness of his defeat, may have found some satis- faction in this circumstance, but he had himself had the pain of watching, hour after hour, the acquisition by others of the in- estimable treasures for ever lost to France.
The credit of 50, 1. The prices, though not realizing as much as the heirs expedted, went beyond the expedtations of the outside world. Prompted as it would seem by the desire of gain, he abandoned his art and. He put into the trade which he developed and carried on in his hotel, rue Serpente, the zeal, the devotion, the passion even, which Mariette displayed in the service of learning and of art.
Basan, in short, represents the temper of that later generation of dealers, who have seen in the knowledge of and care for beautiful things mainly the means of making money and who have valued the knack of anticipating their market beyond any interest or pleasure to be derived from the intrinsic value of the works in which they dealt. In Basan we have the prototype of the successful dealer of our own day : his commercial instindts had been sharpened by his early stay with Etienne Fessard, a pushing, unscrupulous man, whose ability was greatly inferior to his ambition and his pre- sumption.
Under him Basan necessarily became familiar with all the courses of profitable advertisement. If Fessard engraved a work, there was the dedication in favour of which money or credit were to be won. Basan, after Gabriel de Saint-Aubin. When Basan left Daulle, he was determined on making money. He bought a few good plates, engraved a few himself, and collected round him various young engravers, whom he employed and housed under his own roof. Italy did not tempt Frarupois Basan but, noting the passion for little Dutch pictures of the class skilfully manipulated by Wille, he had resort to Holland, to Flanders and to England 1 for the establishment of a connexion.
Mariette, with whom he was on friendly terms, may have served him in this part of his business. Wille mentions that Basan was away, in London, in August, Sornique ayant laissC, en mourant, cette planche imparfaite, elle a 6 t 6 termini par Beauvarlet. Basan a grav6. His title to the execution of these has been contested, but it is clear from the special characteristics of the work that if Basan did not do it he had at least a very clear idea as to how it was to be carried out under his direction. Wille seems to have had frequent business relations with Basan.
Basan, au nombre de quarante-huit, des planches que M. Before going to the rue et Hotel Serpente, where we find him No. He lived first, I suppose, in the rue St. Jacques, where he would have received in the encouragements of his neighbour, Mariette; then in the rue du Foin 4 near St.
Severin, until the great extension of his trade forced him to seek larger quarters. His domestic troubles may also have contributed to make him desire the change. II me fait bien de la peine, car il ne merite pas ce qui lui est arrive. Wille, January, Wille, November 16th, He plays the host at suppers and dinners of which it is always recorded that there was much laughter and good cheer, Boucher dines with him to meet Wille 1 and on another occasion he enter- tains the whole Wille family, the Chereau and M.
Aubin, de Longueil, Simonet, Masquelier and Baquoy. The enterprise was, however, the cause of a serious quarrel between Basan and Noel Le Mire, who finally appealed to Wille and three other experts to compose their differences. It places the credit of his taste and judgement on a level with his reputation as a brilliant man of business, and Mariette himself may well have given his approval to its pages.
Wille, February 13th, Neither before nor after had he anything to handle of like importance.
With the sale of the collections of an amateur of Amsterdam named Neyman, Basan — encouraged probably by the success of the set of little engravings which accompanied the sale of the collection of the Duke de Choiseul — inaugurated the system, since popular, of illustrated catalogues. The Neyman and Poullain sales seem to have decided Wille to sell all his pictures and such drawings as he had in portfolios. Basan whose reappearance receives no comment , M. Poig- nant 2 and others may be connected with the final settlement of the operations at the Salle des Ventes.
Basan, and was associated with her father in his business. Wille, June 4th, Basan et Chereau, avoient quitte le commerce. In December of the following year Regnault-Delalande organized the sale of the collections which had made the old hotel of the rue Serpente one of the sights of Paris.
Mariette had lived his life, as it were, to himself; we are told that he hid his treasures as a miser would his gold 3 and did not willingly open his portfolios except to those whose taste and judgement he respeCted — a sentiment which appeals to every collector ; for who has not suffered anguish at seeing damp thumbs pressed on bronze medals ; prints handled by the wrong ends, and books pulled from their shelves and laid open with a display of total ignorance as to the constitution of their backs!
To such distresses Basan, whose house was genially open to every visitor, must have been continually exposed. They speak of the great sale-room on the ground floor, where Basan left on view the pictures, prints and curiosities entrusted to him ; on the first floor they note the atelier of the engravers working for the house, and near to it the atelier of Basan himself — the gallery, shown us in a little engraving by Choffard, 4 where he hung all his collections of engravings, paint- ings and drawings.
Wille, May 26th, Basan is represented surrounded by all his works and encouraged by Mercury, the god of commerce. If one dwells on the character and interests of Mariette, who traded and pub- lished and made fortune as his fathers had done before him, one is struck by its dignity and the immense services rendered to art by his sincerity and erudition ; if we turn from Mariette to the men who handle beautiful things now, there is a great gulf.
It is bridged by Basan. By his clever substitution of intelligence for personal taste, by his dexterity in business, his quickness to feel the pulse of the public and take advantage of the market, he may be rivalled but can scarcely be outdone by his successors of to-day. He came of a family of engravers.
His first lessons were received from his father and mother, for Cochin pere 2 had married Louise- Madelaine Horthemels, and she — as did her two sisters, Mme. Belle — worked regularly with her husband. Cochin pere had an admirable tadt in seizing the spirit and style of the very dissimilar masters after whom he engraved.
Celle de ladite Princesse, a S. April 29th, ; R. November 27th and December 4th, From the Catalogue of his work by Jombert, we learn that he gave P.
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See Salons of and August 31st, , on portraits of Lesueur and Sarrazin, Chal. He exhibited at the Salons of , ,! Chevalier Cochin. Under his name is grouped an innumerable variety of book-illustrations, fashion plates, trade cards, ornament, book- stamps and portraits of all the celebrities of the century. If, however, we could add to the list all the work which he produced during the last twenty years of his life we should reach a more startling figure.
Par Charles-Antoine Jombert. This work, which was finished by his mother, seems to have led to his employment on an engraving in commemoration of the entertainment given at Meudon to the little Dauphin, in December, , by the Duke of Orleans. The engraving was exhibited at the Salon of 1 Le Chevalier Cochin. As soon as it was finished, I showed it to M. He seemed to want it so keenly, he who was cold and undemon- strative, that I gave it him. It was exhibited in , and it is interesting to find that it attracted the notice of Bouchardon.
It was not, as Cochin tells us, until that the expenditure on royal shows became considerable. This magnificent drawing was one of the most important of the Miihlbacher colledtion, and was admirably reproduced in the catalogue of the sale No. Messieurs Slodtz. Par M. He had, however, to suffer in more than one way from the ignorance and carelessness of his superiors. The printer got drunk and set an incompetent sub- ordinate to do his work, with the result that before a hundred proofs were pulled, the plates, which had been delicately engraved by Cochin pere, were worn out. Cochin had then left for Italy, for his drawings had not missed their due effedl ; they had brought him the favour 1 M 6 m.
Le bon M. Madame de Pompadour could have chosen no more delightful companion for her brother than Cochin. He was not only full of wit and talent, but he had the manners which made him possible at Court and he knew a good deal. Not indeed very exactly, as a curious passage in one of his letters from Italy bears witness. Nous avions vu et vu avec reflexion. Le ridicule nous parut a tous bien sensible et nous ne nous en tumes point. To a man so assured of court favour nothing could be refused, and the Academy hastened to receive Cochin, although his diploma work was still in abeyance.
On the 27th November, , Coypel informed the Society that the work which their associate, M. Cochin, had been obliged to take in hand for the King, and specially his tour in Italy with M. The letter is preserved in the Egerton MSS. There are various editions of these works. Cochin was on the spot received Academician without any diploma work, and simply contented himself with giving a leCture in the following spring March 4th, on the advantages of an Italian tour.
His fellow members felt that they could not have a better representative. After his return from Italy, but before he ceased to engrave, Cochin undertook, in concert with M. He had attached himself to Darcy the banker, and had induced him, as well as one of his confreres , to finance the undertaking. To these there joined himself a M. Other drawings for this work appeared at the Salons of , and It is said that the frontispiece only is etched by Cochin fils, and that the other engravings signed C.
Cochin are all by his father. Mais la partie tipographique etoit importante, et M. The smallest printer knew more than they did. On the death of his father he had 1 Mim. The work was begun in and ended in