The Juvenile Forget Me Not (Allens Upper Canada Sundries)
It will vote in March on whether to require all agencies to buy only natural gas and other alternative fuel buses. Diesel exhaust, mostly from trucks and buses, is responsible for 70 percent of the cancer risk from air pollution, and nitrogen oxide from diesel trucks and buses is a prime ingredient in smog. About 88 percent of the Bay Area bus fleet is diesel. They received just 50 cents of every dollar raised by riders, who spend a week riding miles down Highway 1.
Pallotta acknowledged it ran 8 percent or 9 percent over budget, but said the charities are overstepping their bounds. Pallotta President Steve Bennett said two competing rides will alienate riders and will further shrink revenue for the charities. The promise is among a flurry of headline-grabbing proposals by Davis and lawmakers to protect the state and honor victims and peacekeepers. Some lawmakers and civil liberties reacted sharply when Davis proposed the state let police monitor e-mail, Internet sites and multiple cell phones used by criminal and terrorism suspects.
A fellow Democrat, Senate leader John Burton of San Francisco, accused the governor of grandstanding with a proposal he and other critics said would make state law redundant to federal law. Last year, only 88 wiretap orders were issues under the more restrictive law, 79 of them in Los Angeles and Orange counties, according to the state attorney general.
Any of their proposals with a chance of passing will likely be fused into a pending package being developed by Democrats who held a series of statewide committee hearings after Sept. Breit expects Democrats to initially concentrate on victim assistance, jobless benefits and finding money for existing programs that need increases to prepare for terrorist attacks, such as public health. The U. Those resources coexist with major logging, fishing, recreational and shipping industries. At times the two clash, but for more than a decade, there was minimal federal action taken against violators.
That changed three years ago. Attorney David Shapiro in San Francisco. Cases brought by the Coast Guard against shipping companies last year are a case in point. The new commitment also has resulted in tough punishments for some Northern California residents. Fishermen and hunters have been sent to federal prison for trying to fool authorities about their catch. Manufacturers have been forced to restore wetlands after trying to build over them. By November the company had filed for bankruptcy.
I think the prosecutors must have been pressured by zealots. So I was pretty excited when they took this so willingly. Just one of these cases goes a long way in deterring other would-be scofflaws, said Bill Curtiss, program director for Earthjustice, a San Francisco-based environmental law firm. Environmental groups from the mainstream Sierra Club to the militant Earth First! Federal prosecutors took one out of every four cases brought to them last year in Northern California, a huge increase from past years when more than 95 percent of cases — including companies dumping sewage in San Francisco Bay, pulp mills dumping waste into the Pacific and nuclear power plants cooking their books — were turned away.
Attorney Michael Yamaguchi. At the time, The Associated Press published a widely used story describing the lack of environmental prosecutions in Northern California. Mueller told the AP then that one of his top priorities was to begin enforcing federal environmental crime laws. He brought in an environmental prosecutor and hired several other prosecutors with EPA and environmental law experience for his white collar crime team. He also told law enforcement agencies that his office would be more receptive. Two years later, Mueller had doubled the number of criminal cases filed.
The state has long avoided numbering exits, as the federal government requires, for 40 years, even seeking an exemption to the law. Police say numbered exits will make it easier to find accidents and disabled cars. The state Department of Transportation will put up some of the new signs in a few weeks and will announce the new policy this month. Highway will be one of the first numbered. The others to be numbered first include the busiest interstates beginning in Eureka and San Diego.
The state currently marks exits by the names of local streets. But that can get confusing if streets have more than one name or if, as with San Antonio Road and San Antonio overpass in the South Bay, more than one spot has the same name. But meatier and faster-growing birds lay fewer eggs, and prolific egg-layers tend to be skinny.
Chicken producers would love to increase production of meatier chickens by minimizing the influence of the skinny genes. Origen Therapeutics and AviGenics are among biotech companies considering this dilemma as they pursue the perfectly engineered bird. And their solution is sure to rile a number of advocacy groups, because it involves not just genetically modified food but also cloning and embryonic stem cells. The idea is to create identical copies of eggs with desirable traits that can roll off assembly lines by the billions.
The hatched chickens would be identically disease-resistant and grow and eat at the same exact rate. Biotechnology opponents fear that genetically modified organisms are little understood, that the potential for harm to humans is great. Animal rights activists argue that the science simply provides a more efficient way to harm chickens. Genetic engineering will only exacerbate the problem. But with an estimated eight billion chickens bred in the U. Besides, they argue, engineering chickens is no different from selectively breeding them, as the industry does now.
The book lists and pictures more than different breeds of chickens. Etches points to a photograph of the Chinese Silkie — a chicken with a white afro covered in fluffy hair-like feathers that resembles a poodle. Etches and his colleagues at Burlingame-based Origen Therapeutics Inc. Scientists studying all forms of embryonic stem cells — including the human version — believe they can someday manipulate these primordial cells into any adult tissue of their choosing.
Origen hopes to breed bigger chickens faster by extracting embryonic stem cells from the fastest growing and biggest chickens and injecting them into fertilized eggs of the skinnier egg-laying chickens. In Athens, Ga. AviGenics does employ nuclear transfer, the technology that brought the world Dolly the sheep. Indeed, these biotechnology companies readily concede they face years of technical and regulatory obstacles before they can revolutionize the poultry industry.
Besides the technical and regulatory issues, public reception to genetically modified food has been tepid at best. There are many hurdles still to overcome. In the commercial that will begin airing Monday, the shrouded ghost goes to the refrigerator for milk, finds the carton empty and leaves weeping. Some wonder if incorporating the cultural legend into a mainstream ad campaign makes sense. The ad will be one of the few attempts in which Spanish is used to sell a product on English-language television, said Jeff Manning, spokesman for the California Milk Advisory Board.
Milk producers decided to let students at the Art Center design the campaign in an attempt to reach younger milk drinkers. The legend surrounds a young woman who has two children with her husband. After he loses interest, she becomes disconsolate and drowns her children in a river in despair. Her pathetic ghost then walks the planet, crying and looking for her children. In other accounts, she is more of a villain, with the ghost seeking revenge on men and children. Houseboat owners who live at the Berkeley Marina are pushing their landlord — the city — to give them a lease. Now, just when it appeared that the houseboat owners were on the verge of securing long-term leases on their berths, it appears that some city staffers may be having second thoughts about the deal.
They presented the proposal to the Waterfront Commission during its regular meeting Wednesday. A report by Waterfront Manager Cliff Marchetti was presented to the commission at the same time. Smith said that there were several reasons why the city may not want to lock itself into a lease with the owners of the houseboats, and that the commission would have to study the matter further before it could commit itself.
There may be other things that make more sense for Marina development. Smith said that he was not sure which way he would vote on the issue, and said that there were a number of potential advantages to providing the leases, too. Rick Foster, a member of the association and a former commercial real estate agent, said that he has spent many hours working on the draft lease. Foster said that many of the houseboat residents are elderly and on fixed incomes. He said that they deserved to have more security in their rental arrangements with the city. The Marina Residents Association has retained an attorney, R.
Wong, to shepherd their case through the Waterfront Commission and up to the City Council. The Waterfront Commission will next hear the matter at its regular meeting in mid-February. Six St. Forward Chase Moore led the way with 18 points and 12 rebounds for St. The big surprise on Friday was freshman Larry Gurganious.
The 6-foot-3 forward scored 15 points and pulled down 8 rebounds against the Highlanders, showing his incredible athleticism with a tomahawk dunk late in the second quarter, followed by a powerful shot block on the other end. The senior point guard is slowly returning from a stress fracture in his foot and played about 10 minutes off the bench on Friday night. Freeman, who will play at Sacramento State next fall, showed good quickness and ball-handling against the Highlanders, but Caraballo is bringing him along slowly to prevent a relapse. Even without Freeman at his best, the Panthers were clearly the better team on Friday.
When Piedmont finally scored again, the Panthers answered with a seven-point run. The second quarter highlighted just how superior St. Caraballo sat several of his starters, but his reserves did just as well, as forward Spartacus Rodriguez came off the bench to record 6 points and 7 rebounds in the quarter. With Freeman missing most of the season so far, Boyd and Fanning have stepped up their games, giving the Panthers more scoring options than last season.
The game, which was scheduled just this week, was supposed to tip off at 7 p. A symposium designed to promote a greater understanding of mental illness, and link medical advances to public policy solutions in mental health care. Martin Luther King, Jr. Donations requested. All interested persons are invited to attend; only members are allowed to vote for endorsements.
NLR is a system of holistic child development of their inherent capacities. Registration is required, A hands-on workshop, led by two local landscape gardeners, touching on many aspects of restoration gardening. Bill Evans explores more than years of banjo music on a variety of vintage instruments. Reception follows concert. Nancy Hawami will lead a discussion following the presentation.
The Berkeley Police Review Commission PRC deserves praise for its resolution recommending that the city not cooperate with the Justice Department's request to interview local people on U. Attorney General Ashcroft's anti-terrorist list. Ashcroft and the Justice Department are misguided in their assumption that racial profiling and ethnic scapegoating will protect us from future terrorist attacks.
Instead, such tactics promote suspicion of and alienation from our government at a time when national unity is more important than ever. The Mayor does not need to wait for additional information before standing up for the rights of the citizens she represents. Julia Morgan Theatre Jan 8 p. Check for prices and Sunday Matinees, , www. Transparent Theater, Ashby Ave. Berkeley Piano Club Jan. Julia Morgan Theatre Jan. Julia Morgan Theatre, College Ave. Directed by Brian Kulick. Addison Street Windows, Addison St. Mon-Fri, p. Gallery is open by appointment and chance, most weekdays a.
Berkeley Fellowship of Unitarian Universalists Jan. Despite these accolades, however, the year-old writer still has difficulty finding theaters in the United States willing to produce her dark and dense poetical, political plays. Set somewhere in backcountry America during the Depression era, the play is built around the prancing and preening of two teenagers — a boy and a girl — who loiter near the train trestle that runs over a creek. The two spend much of the play trying to psyche themselves up for a game of chicken that will entail jumping onto the tracks and running across the creek trestle just ahead of the arriving train.
The story is told in a series of short scenes, varying in location. At the train tracks, the boy Dalton Ian Scott McGregor Jurcso and the girl Jennifer Wagner test their resolve for the game of chicken, at the same time warily circling each other and their burgeoning friendship. She is bolder than he in most arenas, including sex and talk, and is able to control some of his behavior through intimidation. Highly intelligent, she also appears to have a screw missing.
The two rehearse the starts, stops, potential miscues and emergency procedures that might be part of a race with the train. A third set of alternating scenes takes place slightly in the future, with the boy incarcerated in a jail cell, after some initially unexplained event has occurred. Here he endures the teasing of a sadistic older jailer Jack Powell. Director Soren Oliver has elicited some good work from his actors.
Wagner creates the distinctive performance of the evening as obsessed, driven, edgy, manipulative, not-quite-all-there teen tomboy Pace Creagan. When Wagner cocks her head and listens carefully to the sounds of a different drummer, you can almost hear the music. Jurcso is appropriately fidgety and indignant as the nervous adolescent boy she bosses around. Jack Powell is a complicated jailer, part sadist, part angel of redemption, needling his jailhouse charge.
The characters in this play have intelligence and ability, but zero in the way. In this context, two ingenious school science projects that the teens create take on a tragic significance. Social and economic stagnation hang over Pope Lick Creek like a plague. The fascinating, unhealthy love story between the two teens seems grafted onto the larger. The graft often feels arbitrary, not part of a deeper root in the play. Call or visit www. E-mail him at jagplays yahoo. Berkeley nonprofits, which rely heavily on end-of-the-year donations, were fearful that a combination of the Sept.
After predictions of huge shortfalls and concerns about a state budget shortfall Gov. California Cares, a coalition of philanthropic foundations, commissioned the survey, which determined the drop off in donations was related to the recession and aftermath of the Sept. The survey also reported that as donations were dropping off, safety net or critical need nonprofits were seeing a large increase in demand for their services caused by a spike in recession-related unemployment. But a sampling of four nonprofits in Berkeley showed that predictions were only partially correct.
Jordan added that the local spirit of giving is strong. But not all local nonprofits did so well. At least two medical providers saw a decline in donations. The Berkeley Free Clinic, which relies on individual donations to cover about 35 percent of its annual funding, is still collecting funds from an end-of-the-year appeal, but its numbers are off. Husain said it is too early to say how the final donation numbers will look but she expects to see a decline. She added that the clinic has not made plans to cut services as a result of the shortfall. The LifeLong Medical Care also saw a drop in donations.
For information about donating to the Berkeley Free Clinic call LifeLong Medical Care can be reached at Despite being outshot and playing most of the game in their own half, the St. A tired St. On the first, Barnes put her shot right at Panther goalkeeper Ashley Frazier despite a lack of any pressure. But the second, coming from a bouncing ball with St. Plump was a rock at the back for the Panthers , BSAL , clearing the ball repeatedly from danger.
Berean Christian, on the other hand, was satisfied with getting the ball forward and letting their attackers do the work. Barnes, Ashley Essy and Whitney Jacobsmeyer all had scoring opportunities as the game wore on, but were unable to finish them until the late goal. Berean Christian , took control of the game right away, not letting the Panthers out of their own end for the first 15 minutes of the game. But St. That would be the best shot of the day for a goal for the Panthers.
Berean Christian nearly caught a break a minute later, as some bad communication between Frazier and her defense led to Essy getting an open net. Barnes spent most of the first half on the wing trying to set her teammates up. She hit crosses that led to shots by Essy and Jacobsmeyer, but Frazier came up with two spectacular saves. The Panthers have good reason for looking disjointed on offense. I am extremely proud of the California National Guard, its units and people. The indelible spirit of our soldiers, airmen, and civilians demonstrates a commitment to our state and nation that is absolutely essential in a dangerous and unpredictable world.
Over 5, of our people are currently serving our state and nation throughout the world. This premier force of dedicated and qualified soldiers and airmen, significantly contributes to the security of our nation, and insures the public safety of the citizens of our state. These soldiers and airmen voluntarily separate themselves from the comforts of family and career.
They face hardship, danger, and risk their lives in the service of their state and nation. They provide security for our airports, bridges, and installations; and are conducting rotations throughout the world in support of Operations Noble Eagle and Enduring Freedom. The California National Guard has performed magnificently in its response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, Soldiers and airmen have repeatedly demonstrated their mission readiness through the knowledge and professionalism they bring to their duties.
Some units have been assigned duties above and beyond their primary missions. In each instance, however, all units have met or exceeded mission criteria. The men and women of the California Guard are well trained, disciplined, and guided by concerned and capable leaders. In my 40 years of service in the California National Guard, I have experienced many deployments and responses to national and state emergencies. This is the largest mobilization of the California National Guard since the Korean War, when the 40th Infantry Division was federalized.
The California National Guard has never been more ready or performed more efficiently. Important to these high levels of commitment is the continued support of the public. The men and women of the California National Guard exemplify the best of our nation. Californians should be very proud of them. Thirteen years ago, homeless writer and artist Ace Backwords printed a street art calendar to hand out to friends at Christmastime. Contributors move on or leave the area, and new artists take their places.
The number of calendars sold each year ranges from to 2, copies, and profits are split up amongst the contributors, Backwords says. Duncan, whose work is also featured this year. The edition of the Telegraph Street Calendar features the work of cartoonists, chalk artists, painters and conceptual artists. Some contributors depict fantasy, while other document everyday life around Berkeley using simple lines and shapes.
Tim Stroshane, a senior planner with the city, estimates that between 1, and 1, homeless people are living in Berkeley on any given day. There are so many reasons why people become homeless, Backwords says. Some of the homeless are artists, who use their free time to create. Others are alcoholics, and some are just plain lazy. Not like a reporter who comes and talks to people for 20 minutes and then tries to write a story. Josette says that a parent must keep the developmental stage of each child in mind when addressing the problem.
The solution: tell the 12 year-old that his sister can only visit during certain times of day, appealing to his sense of fairness. Tell the 5-year-old that she will still have opportunities to hang out with her idolized brother, and get the attention she craves. NLR attempts to nurture the whole child — the social, spiritual and psychological, in addition to the intellectual. They began by renting space in nearby Malakoff State Park and holding holistic education trainings for families.
The school is open year-round, on a weeks-on, 3-weeks-off model. He says that, unlike traditional educational models that focus on behavioral and academic norms, and attempts to get children in line with those norms, NLR lets children explore the world around them and learn at their natural pace. This philosophy is at the center of the EnCompass school, which allows children, working with teachers and parents, to design their own curricula. But, he said that traditionalists have found fault with child-centered, alternative education.
They argue that it fails to meet the standards so prevalent in public schooling today, he said. The difference, she says, is that the course work is tailored to each student. Luvmour cited a group of 7 and 8 year-olds interested in myth who used math, reading and writing skills to construct the board and myth for a fantasy game akin to Dungeons and Dragons. Ron Miller, an historian of alternative education who teaches at Goddard College in Vermont, says that EnCompass is one of only a few groups nationwide that is putting a complete, holistic educational model into practice.
He said the organization is taking a more experimental approach than the Montessori, Waldorf and Quaker alternative schools that have been around for decades. Josette Luvmour admits that the EnCompass school, as a new institution, has some shortcomings. Staff cohesion is still an issue, she said, and the school is not yet prepared to handle severely disabled children.
The EnCompass seminar will run from 10 a. The event is free and open to the public. The Jan. The treatability study would establish an alternative to incineration for handling mixed waste a combination of radioactive and hazardous waste , and involve approximately 5 liters of NTLF mixed waste. The July unplanned release of 35 Curies occurred during work on a separate process that has been eliminated. The treatability study on catalytic chemical oxidation does not threaten the health and safety of nearby residents.
The State Department of Toxic Substances Control has recognized that this short-term study is necessary and valuable. It gets a bit cold in the winter in Fairbanks, Alaska, and I have had an ongoing dispute with several wives and girlfriends about an important issue.
When a car has sat outside all night and one starts it in the morning, I contend that one should keep the heater turned totally off until the temperature gauge moves, and then turn it on. My female compatriots, on the other hand, always wanted to turn the heater up high, with the fan blasting, even when the air pouring out was frigid. My theory is that by turning off the heater, you reduce the size of the circuit through which the coolant has to flow.
Thus, it should warm up faster. Am I right? TOM: John, pay attention. I'm going to ask you a question that might save you from having even more ex-wives: Would you rather be right, or would you rather be happy? RAY: My brother figured that out sometime in his fourth decade. And then again in his fifth, and again in his sixth. TOM: As to your mechanical question, you are technically correct. The heat exchanger under your dashboard is a little radiator. So when you have the heat on, you are removing heat from the engine and are transferring it to the passenger compartment.
So if your goal is to get the engine to warm up as quickly as possible, you want to keep that "passenger compartment radiator" off until the engine is warm. TOM: The womenfolk, on the other hand, couldn't give two bits about the engine. They're interested in comfort. And if you want to be happy, John, you should get interested in comfort, too. And for maximum comfort, here's the procedure we recommend. RAY: First, don't turn on the fan right away. That's just dumb, and your exes are all wrong about that. It results in an arctic mass of Canadian air blowing up your pant leg — and no one finds that comfortable.
Using the fan while the engine is cold does nothing to warm up the engine faster. In fact, it slows down the process. TOM: So make sure the fan is off. Then, after you start the car, turn the heat lever all the way to hot or from blue to red. That way, as soon as an inkling of heat is available, it will begin to seep into the passenger compartment.
But with the fan off, you won't get that awful northern gale while you wait. RAY: How long it takes to get heat varies from engine to engine and from day to day. That generally happens in three to five minutes. And if, for some reason, you don't have decent heat by then, turn the fan back off and try again in a minute or two. I recently purchased a Mitsubishi Mirage. The previous owner bragged that he used only "the best" oil in it, and he showed me an empty quart of Mobil 1 synthetic oil to prove it.
I bought the car because it was in good shape and had low mileage, and I couldn't have cared less about the high-tech oil It's time to change the oil, and I really can't see spending the extra dough on the fancy stuff. However, the guy at the auto-parts store told me that once a motor has synthetic oil in it, I have to keep using it unless I "flush it". So I went to the Mobil Web site, and according to it, Mobil 1 is compatible with conventional oil. Can I switch back? TOM: You have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of any damn motor oil you like, Bill.
RAY: There is no problem we know of with mixing synthetic and conventional motor oils. I think when synthetics first came out 25 years ago, some manufacturers weren't sure how well they'd work, whether they'd eat seals and gaskets, or whether they'd mix with conventional oils and create cement. TOM: But those concerns were largely dismissed long ago. For some reason — we don't know why — there are still a few manufacturers that warn against using synthetic oils and some that warn against mixing other synthetics with THEIR synthetic oil. We've never seen a problem in the shop related to this stuff, but you should check your owner's manual for a prohibition, just to be safe.
RAY: But the vast majority of manufacturers now treat synthetics just like a premium, high-priced motor oil that can be mixed and matched with other oils at the whim of the customer -- that's you, Bill. So as long as your owner's manual doesn't specifically forbid it, do whatever you want.
Please advise your readers. Winter is here, and I've heard this "advice" again: Carry kitty litter in your car as a traction aid. I assume the idiot giving this advice doesn't live in the North, like I do. With a brief perusal of the contents of a bag of kitty litter, one discovers that it is basically clay.
What happens to clay when it gets wet like between the tire and the ice on the road? It turns to mud. Very slippery mud. I tried kitty litter exactly once as a traction aid, and it only made things worse. TOM: Yes, and there's also the problem of shooing away all those cats that gather around your spinning tire in anticipation. RAY: Kitty litter is basically clay, and it does turn to mud when it gets wet.
It might provide very-short-term traction. But if it doesn't work right away, the friction from the spinning tire will heat up the surrounding snow and will turn the whole concoction into a slippery mud bath. TOM: So you're much better off carrying sand as a traction aid. Plus, it's a lot cheaper. Some communities even give it away for free in the winter. RAY: And if yours doesn't, you can always make a covert, midnight raid on the local playground. I'm 74 years old and have a Mercury Marquis that will probably be my last car, so I would like to keep it looking nice.
I run it through the local car wash at least once a month, and it has a feature where wax is applied to the surface of the car as you drive through. When it rains, the water always forms large beads, as though it has been hand waxed. Is this enough to protect the finish, or should I have it hand waxed regularly?
RAY: The other day, my brother went into a place that advertised waxing. But he fled in horror after they asked him what kind of bathing suit he was planning to wear and if he wanted his back done, too. TOM: You're in good shape, Wally. If you can see water beading on the hood, then you've got wax on the car. And you're right that it will help maintain your car's appearance.
RAY: Generally speaking, the spray-on waxes you get at the car wash don't last as long as the better waxes that you apply by hand. But in your case, since you get your car done once a month or more, that shouldn't be an issue. TOM: Just watch for the beading water. As long as you see those nice, large beads, you're all set.
RAY: And don't be so pessimistic about the future, Wally. I have a feeling you're going to be looking at those Cadillacs. Was I a bad Samaritan, or was I justified in leaving this guy stranded? RAY: Well, many manufacturers now recommend against giving or receiving a jump-start. And at the garage, when possible, we "trickle charge" batteries — charge them slowly over many hours — instead of jumping them with a large surge of current.
TOM: I guess the theory is that when you give a jump-start, you use your charging system to charge two batteries yours and the jump-startee's , and that can place too great a demand on your alternator and can overheat it. RAY: And the reason they recommend against receiving a jump-start is that it's possible to fry the delicate electronics in today's cars with a voltage surge. And if you think ruining an alternator is bad, you should try cooking a thousand-dollar computer!
TOM: In reality, however, this stuff is extremely rare. I can count on one hand the number of times we've seen problems due to jump-starts in the garage in the past 25 years. And most of those occurred when some knucklehead mixed up the positive and negative cables. So it's a risk, but, in my experience, it's a very low risk. If I see someone who needs help, and I can help them, I don't think about my alternator.
And I hope other people would do the same for me. Construction Company. The cottage pictured here is located at University Ave. It was built in and the cottage in the rear was built in This complex is known as Fox Common and is a green oasis of rustic, brick-sided cottages nestled in a tree-shaded garden, wedged between two, two-story, stucco-sided commercial buildings on busy University Avenue. As late as University Avenue was not fully developed.
There were almost equal numbers of homes, automobile-related business such as garages, gas stations, repair shops and dealerships and other commercial buildings, as there were vacant lots. This uneven development remains evident today. The second complex is known as Fox Court and is located at University Ave. Their exterior siding consists of various colors, textures and sizes of brick irregularly laid and interspersed with rough stones. The Fox Brothers Construction Company was established in and continued to build homes and commercial buildings until around Before establishing the Fox Brothers company, he spent time working as a mining engineer and a salesman in Asia.
Carl died in A profile of Carl H. Fox in The Courier, Sept. His latest effort is to aid in the development of University Avenue into a business street. The Fox brothers left a legacy of romantic cottages scattered around the city. Paul Bishop Studio at Durant Ave. Some congressional gun control advocates object to gun manufacturers peddling their wares with anti-terrorist messages. But the gun makers are only responding to the marketplace.
The Washington-based Alliance for Justice recently held a press conference with Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif. Carolyn McCarthy, D-N. Nan Aron, president of the alliance, complained about Beretta making donations to terrorist victims based on increased sales. How long these labors were abandoned before this tree commenced its growth may not be susceptible of proof. Early French explorers do not appear to have been interested in the question, and it does not seem to me necessary to go further back than the three centuries during which that tree flourished, for a period quite long enough to have crumbled into indistinguishable dust every trace of wooden dwellings and implements, as well as of the bodies of their fabricators, if the latter received only simple earth burial.
At the time of the arrival of the French the country was in possession of Algonquin tribes, who emigrated from the St. Lawrence about the middle of the 16th century. They were ignorant of the authors of these works, and were not more advanced in the arts of culture than the other known tribes. It is probable that the few defensive works I have mentioned were erected by this settled and peaceful race of gardeners, as places of temporary refuge for the women and children, against the raids of the warlike tribes living eastward of them.
The larger one may have served for the general defence in a time of sudden and great emergency. It is probable that on some such occasion they were surprised by their savage and relentless foes, and were overwhelmed, scattered or exterminated. Most of the facts I have been able to present are gathered, in large part, from the memories — of course not always exact or reliable — of early settlers, and after modern culture had for many years obliterated the old.
It is perhaps useless to regret that these most interesting and unique relics of a lost people have so completely perished, through the greed of the dominant race; or that they could not have received, while they yet remained, the more exact and scientific scrutiny which is now being applied to the antiquities of our land. Much that might then have been cleared up, must now remain forever involved in mystery, or be left to conjecture.
In September, , the writer visited the region of the ancient garden beds, in hopes of being so fortunate as to find some remaining.
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He did discover, near Schoolcraft, on a plat of land which had been recently cleared of its timber, a few traces of beds belonging to a set, most of which had been broken up by the plough. Four or five beds could be distinctly traced, for the distance of some ten to fifteen feet. The remainder of their lengths, said to be some twenty to thirty feet, had been obliterated by cultivation.
Each bed had a width of about ten feet from centre to centre of the intervening paths. The latter had apparently a width of two or three feet, but it was impossible to define the exact outlines. After much inquiry I could learn of no other place in or near Prairie-Ronde, or the plains of St. Joseph and Kalamazoo Counties, where any traces of the old garden beds remained. Cobb informed me that about he endeavored to preserve portions of a set of these beds, which were well covered by touch, protective prairie sod.
But when the white grub took possession of the turf thereabouts his ancient garden reserve did not escape. In a year or two the hogs, in their search for the grub, had so rooted and marred the outlines that he ploughed the beds up. I found many old residents who well remembered the garden plats as they appeared a half century ago, and all concurred in the admiration excited by their peculiar character and the perfection of their preservation.
The others averaged five or six beds each. All concurred, too, as to the great extent of land, amounting to several hundred acres, covered, wholly or partially, by the beds, chiefly upon the northern edge of the prairie. That all visible evidence of their existence should have so completely disappeared is not surprising to any one who notes their situation, upon the richest portions of the mixed prairies and plains.
The lands most esteemed by their garden race were those which first attracted the modern farmer. These lands still constitute fields as beautiful as the eye can anywhere rest upon, and in a region second in loveliness to no other part of our country. The wants of the early settler almost preclude any care for the preservation of what was regarded as mere curiosities. Even when spared from the plough, and left to the care of nature, the absence of the annual fires, which had prevented the growth of timber; the roots of trees upheaving the beds; the decay of fallen timber; the hummocks caused by upturned roots; the destruction of the turf by the forest growth, and by cattle and hogs, all tend to deface the beds, and leave them to be reduced to the general level by the elements.
Under these circumstances, a few years even would suffice to obliterate outlines which had remained almost unaltered for centuries. Transcribed and shared by Robert J. Nelson from the July 7th, , issue of the Bayfield County Press:. This is a mistake of the printer. The date was ]. About the middle of October, , after our return from LaPointe, our list of tools and implements was about as follows: Captain Wood and the writer went. We found a romantic and lovely spot surrounded by dense forest, on the east of high bluff covered with tall pines, on the North and West with Maple, Elm, basswood and other timber of heavy growth.
The rumble and rippling on the falls with the surrounding scenery was almost enchanting. Well, a place was selected, a stake was struck, and the next day work was commenced.
Captain Wood took the broad ax, Smith and I an ax each, Rowley — the same linguist — he was suffering with the cut foot, was selected as cook. Work was now the order of the day. The plan of the house was 20 x 24, squared timber 6 inches thick, floor and all. No friction or delay. Timber for the floor and walls was soon produced. Now, how to get the timber to the stake? There was but one way; no choice. Smith and I must do the job.
A rude sled or go-devil was made, one end of a stick of timber was placed on this and away it went to its destination. The process was kept up until the timber was all on the ground. The sills, and 24 feet long, were placed 20 feet apart outside to outside, on these the flooring 6 inches thick, was placed; on top of this the walls went up 11 feet without friction. Now comes the tug-of-war; the gables and the roof. He found a cave and only he had to do was crawl in.
But the gables went up, a beam across the center and a pair of rafters, 6 x 6 on top of this for roof boards. Norway pine poles 24 feet long, hewn nicely, 2 inches thick and placed 10 inches, center to center, and on top of these A No. Now for the last and worst job of all, fireplace in the chimney. Wood, Smith and I often talked, mourned and dreamed about a grindstone. One grindstone ones known to exist in the Lake Superior area and that was in the government blacksmith shop at LaPointe for use of the Indians. Before snow fell we had picked up a number of worn-out and castaway Indian axes, some with the initials P.
Van Tassel — for many nights and Sundays thereafter, those axes might have been heard pecking away at the old sand rock until finally after many days a frame was made, a crank adjusted and a grindstone came into existence. The chimney was finally completed and on the eighth day of January, , we moved into the second house built in Wisconsin, Northup Chippewa Falls, outside of LaPointe. Nelson from the June 2nd, , issue of the Bayfield County Press:.
Lake November, , and late in the evening, a slight noise was heard outside of our cabin at the Falls. The door was opened and a Indian entered, clad in regulation uniform, as follows: Rowley, who had picked up a few words of Chippewa wanted to show off, stepped up to the Indian, placed his hand on the bare part of the Indians anatomy and inquired ke-se-nah? Rowley talked no more Indian that night. The visitor was evidently a young hunter returning from an unsuccessful hunt.
A place was made for him near the fire, he was housed and fed and in the morning departed for his Lodge, six or 7 miles away. This was not his last visit. After the new house was finished — now well underway — became again and brought his two best friends with him, with presents of nice fresh fish from the Lake, which were much enjoyed. These visits were repeated quite frequently by the three friends. They would come much out of their way to bring us presents of Partridge, venison, most meat, just made Maple sugar or something else intended to please the strangers.
Later on when they came to see the product of our little field their expressions of delight were extravagant in the extreme. They had never seen such potatoes, turnips, corn, squashes, etc. They were always ready and willing to help in planting, hoeing and harvesting. They were always well paid for their work and always well pleased with their pay.
The names of these three friends were Wi-nah-kis, Pa-me-sa and Wa-bud-o. There were others equally friendly, honest and deserving; in fact, the great majority of the Chippewa were comparatively so. But that generation has passed away; few, very few, I knew on Bad River survives, and as for the present generation, alas!
Leihy moved to the Falls of Bad River in where he built his sawmill. Next day our arrival at the Falls October 5, was spent in looking over the surroundings. The murmur of the stream, the stream itself and the surrounding scenery, reminded me of the scenes of my earliest recollections on the banks of the Salmon River, Oswego County, New York. Here to his game in the forest, fish and the stream and sugar in the trees; and the soil is good.
Potatoes are worth one dollar per bushel and corn two dollars per bushel. Those were my musings as I sat on a big rock at the head of the falls. Here were many of the necessaries and some of the luxuries of life and all for the taking and no taxes to pay — all as free as air. To say that I was delighted would be putting it mildly. I asked the captain what were his plans. He had none; he simply liked to live in the woods. Here, let me digress. Wood being deputy sheriff of Monroe County at that time was put in command of a company of Michigan troops to help all the claims of the state of Michigan.
Withal, a genial and agreeable companion. Not much time was lost. Brother George had gone with his boat and men. I began to talk to Capt. Wood about LaPointe of which I heard so much. Well, we found our way to LaPointe, and an interesting place. Here the North American fur company was in full bloom, under the efficient management of Messrs. The traders, had already left with their outfits for their various stations at Lac du Flambeau, Lake Courerille, Sandy Lake, Leech Lake, Grand Portage and other points, not to return until May or June when they were expected to return laden with bear, beaver, otter, Fischer, Martin, mink and other valuable fur.
Here to was established a Catholic mission under the care of father Baraga; also a Presbyterian mission in under the care of Rev. Sherman Hall, and all in flourishing condition. Fishing was also carried on to a considerable extent among the islands by the Fur company. The side-wheeler Julia Palmer , have been hauled over the portage at the Soo and had just made one trip as far West as LaPointe. The rest of the fleet on Lake Superior consisted of five small sail vessels, viz. Hays was subbing in agent and Mr. Van Tassel was the government blacksmith at that time at LaPointe.
We stayed but a few days, procured a few necessary tools, some supplies for the winter and return to the Falls. Morin, dit Valcour fils de d'une part, et de M. Magdelene Bouron, fille de d'autre part; et ne s'etant trouve aucun empechement; Je susigne, prete, M. Rau, de Pierre DesNoyers, de J.
La Mare, et de J. LaPointe, qui ont signe. Morin dit Valcour and M. Jean Baptiste Giolettef and Suzanne Patene. Charles Gravelle and Marie Joseph Dutau. Claude Reaume and Genevieve Janis. Francois de Rouillard and Marie Anne Villers. Etienne La Violette and Judith Prud'homme. Simon Gendron and Genevieve Vanier. Bonaventure Reaume and Jeanne Deshetres. Thomas Pajot and Marie Louise Villers. Antoine Rivard and Felicite Sainte Marie.
Jacques Charron and Jeanne Belle-Perche. Jean Saliot and Magedilene Jourdaine. Charles Fontaine and Elizabeth Godefroi. Louis Montmeni and Agathe Prud'homme. Guillaume Duperon and A. Pierre Tamisier and Marie Jos. Michel Vaudri and Marie Joseph Tourangeau. Etien Jacob and Marie Magdelene Godet. Francois Langlois and Marie Magdelene Prud'- homme. Pare and Marguerita Le Beau. Francois Choisi and Marie Joseph Revau. Alexis Cuillerier and Louise Reaume.
Jean Baptiste Durand and Marie Crepeau. Joseph Mainville and Charlotte Le Due. Joseph de Rouillard and Josette Godefroi. Joseph Valade and Therese Binau. Laurent Parent and Marie Magdelene Janis. Pierre Becquet and Catherine Potier dit L'ardoile. Joseph Valcour and Josette MaSrons. Charles Renaud and Marie Magdelene Bertrand. L'Antailla and Marie Catherine Ber- geron.
Antoine Boufar and Angelique Boimie. Zacharie Cloutier and Therese Campeau. Claude Saint Aubin and Marie Jann. Michel Catin and Marie Louise Goiau. Louis Viller dit St. Louis and Charlotte Auriendo dit Joachim. Michel Vaudri and Elizabeth Drouillard. Joseph Godet and Jeanne Pelette. Jacques Bezer dit L'evielle and Catherine Mete. Pierre Campeau and M. Ignace Juste and Lisette Le Beau.
Francois Pratt and Elizabeth Parent. Aubin and Charlote Belair. Baptiste Le Beau and Suzanne Chauvin. Francois Berthelot and M. Joseph Bertiome and Catherine Pilette. Louis Goiau and Therese Janis. Victor Morisseau and Charlote Bergeron. Antoine Robert and Theresa Drouillar.
Gignac and Catherine Le Beau. Charles Drouillar and Marie Louise Quenel. Antoine Rousseau and Mary Joseph Morin. Paul Marsac and Mary Anne Chene. Louis Trudelle and Susanne Des Loyers. Jean Baptist Gignac ad Charlote Bertrand. Vermet and Josette Campeau. Pierre Reaume and Jeanne Campeau. Joseph de Ganne and M.
Jacques Godreau and Therese Bertrand. The records of the Church of the Assumption are written in French ; they are consecutive for nearly one hundred and fifty years, commencing in the month of May, when Father Potier wrote, " The year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty, and eroes on to record the marriage of Frank.
Morin called Valcour and M. Magde- lene Bouron in the presence of five witnesses, who are named in the entry and who also sign the register after the officiating priest. A faithful copy of the entry of this first marriage celebrated at the Church of the Assumption is given the reader on the second page of this manuscript. The lover of history will have noticed the interval of time which intervenes between the date of the first marriage and the date of the second marriage entry.
Let him pause to remember that in the flag of France still floated over Fort Pontchartrain Detroit ; that in , the south shore of the Detroit River was the storm centre J. During these fateful years, although marriages were rare at the Church of the Assumption, the records were kept, but they were of baptisms. In there were seven baptized; irf there were sixteen baptized; in there were twenty-eight baptized, or a total of fifty-one in the three years. Father Potier wrote in microscopic round hand ; every letter was perfectly formed with ink true to its color; each marriage entry occu- pied about a dozen lines of space and was a fine record of family his- tory.
There is the date, the publication of banns, the ecclesiastical dis- pensation if there is one usually for consanguinity , the name of the groom and of his father and of his mother and from whence they came frequently from some parish. Father Potier was a Belgian ; he was not familiar with the orthog- raphy of French names, and in his register, which I faithfully copied in this manuscript, there are many mistakes in spelling names, such as: The descendants of these first settlers in the parish of the Assump- tion are numerous in Essex of to-day ; they retain the land and the lan- guage of their fathers.
French sermons are preached on Sunday in many of the churches throughout the county, but in local life the lan- guage of the school playground is the language of the people, and that is English. The Essex Historical Society, believing that a perusal of the above would possess more than local interest, applied to the proper authority and were kindly permitted to copy from the parish registers the baptisms, marriages and deaths as therein recorded, and now present a portion for a period of about twenty-five years as above. Except for little details like pragmatism and possibility.
A nightmare, but plausible. Might work throughout Europe. At least on paper. Carbon cycle privatization, where the Law of Supply and Demand fixes the price of CO2E emission, is still necessary for pragmatists. Whether the Australian auction option being plugged by Robert I. And it might fit hand and glove with total immediate CO2E sequestration, like Myles Allen is suggesting is the only way forward.
US carbon emissions are at levels yet world emission is higher than ever before. What went wrong? She survived the experience, but took two months travelling leave shortly afterwards in fairness, she planned that first. Stat Oil is active in this area. This is inherent. This would probably only work in the context of a larger scheme to make H2 fuel for transportation purposes. Possibly, a few decades out, this might be feasible with a fuel cell-based system, but none of this is guaranteed to ever be feasible.
With solar- obviously basic math is against it. But with nuclear there is no reason to assume basic physics is the problem. Nuclear has already greatly reduce the amount of coal used. But one can make nuclear energy use much cheaper, and if this is done it could stop coal usage dramatically. And lowering costs of nuclear energy is matter of economics and political governance- not physics. The only successful sequestering of CO2 in the world which has been successful is using CO2 to increase production of the mining of oil.
There have other efforts but they have been failures. And the idea putting any significant amount CO2 under ground, seems to be asking for future major disasters. We must use the same principle: a law to compel a slowly rising percentage of carbon dioxide emissions to be and stored. Without oil production, how much replanting of forests would you have?
Does any imagine worker would walk into forest carrying the seedlings? And in terms government encouraging sequestering CO2, that sound more government corruption and will lead to similar thing incompetence which has resulted in wind turbine exploding and catching on fire.
And the general massacre of birds and bats. For those with a little patience: this video shows how climate experts can discreetly tippy-toe away from their original positions. CO2 is going to be a very valuable resource. We need to learn how to recycle it. Mother Nature does this, but she needs to take up most of the area of the earth, both land and sea to do it. If we are to emulate her, then we need to be much more efficient. We need some sort of photosynthesis, or microbe, that can break the carbon-oxygen bond in CO2, the hydrogen-oxygen bond in water, and combine the resulting atoms into things we can use like food and energy.
Will we develop the technology to do this? I dont see why not. But should we succeed we will need CO2 in concentrations a lot highter than ppmv if we are to achieve any success in a small enough area. Cripwell, You are on record of saying that the effects of CO2 on climate are indistinguishable from zero.
Can you explain why we need to recycle CO2 at all? You say it is benign, so why not leave it alone? What exactly are you afraid of? CO2 is the basis for Mother Nature producing the food and energy that we require. Even if peak oil is not in sight I, for one, do not assume that the supply of fossil energy is inexhaustible. Also, recovery is becoming more and more expensive. If we can learn to recycle CO2 in a way that is more economical than mining fossil fuels and growing food, then that is the way to go.
In the end, it will boil down to economics. If we can produce food and fuel more economicly than growing it and mining it respectively, then that is the thing to do. We are already learning how to use solar power to turn our deserts into places to grow food. Recycling CO2 would be an extension of this sort of idea. What are you talking about? So you want to sequester CO2 just for the heck of it, or perhaps because there is some unknown possibility for future use?
CO2 is indeed a very valuable resource, and simply releasing it through a smokestack is wasting it — we dilute it at a 0. This item illustrates the problem. I think a trillion tonnes ends up with ppm added to the atmosphere for a total of ppm, raising the bar somewhat from previous targets. The equilibrium rise would be over 2 C above the already committed values of over 1 C. Land, of course, may double that to 4 C. He says this can be achieved with continued fossil fuel burning and sequestration. It amounts to a call for strict regulation on the fossil fuel industry.
I think this just represents a big circle back to the original calls on the fossil fuel industry to do something and to be more regulated, and we know how that has turned out so far. Just to be clear, I agree with such calls, but I think the target of a trillion tonnes is too high, and that this type of global regulation is not something that is realistic to expect without some major cash incentives either via revenue from a carbon tax or international trading of credits. Yes, I took the natural sequestration to be about a half unless the trillion tonnes is what it would be before sequester efforts in which case we also have to factor in the efficiency of doing that.
Neapolitan Record Issue 22 by The Neapolitan Record - Issuu
I assumed the trillion tonnes was what was left after regulated sequestering. And his suggestion to start small and ramp up means that the initial impact will be small. And technology can hopefully keep ahead of the increasing percentage. And I would allow use of double that amount of fuel whose carbon came from stack emissions. What fraction of global emissions could be stopped at the source? Transportation, home-burned natural gas or other fossil fuels would be exempt. So allow it instead of sequestration, but require twice as much so there will still be a good price for air-captured carbon.
Climate policy exists in a self-inflicted state of monomania, in which a particular solution has been chosen, and is considered to be such a fragile plant that all other options must be treated as weeds and eradicated. The sinks filling up and that cancelling out the fact that CO2 increases temperatures logarithmically sounds good but it does not seem to be happening.
Human CO2 production is increasing faster than predicted while the CO2 level in the atmosphere seems to be increasing about as predicted. The sinks seem to be getting bigger it seems to me. Or, alternately, the whole theory is wrong. Likely, unknown carbon sequestering mechanisms will be recruited as CO2 level rises. The available potential is around 36ppm is less then yrs eg Sarmiento Data from ice cores indicates that during interglacial periods ppm CO2 is the equilibrium point and during glacial periods ppm.
I believe these are set by the average temperature of the ocean. The ocean is not close to saturated. Humans are injecting CO2 into the atmosphere pushing it out of equilibrium with the ocean. About half the annual injection is absorbed by the ocean each year. The constant ratio of absorption despite hugely larger absolute amounts being injected into the atmosphere is characteristic of an equilibrium system being driven further and further out of equilibrium. Resistance to change increases as the distance from equilibrium increases. For all practical purposes the ocean is an infinite CO2 sink.
The rate would also be effected by surface turbulence i. Also the mix rate of surface water to deep water would play a role as pressure becomes so great droplets of liquid CO2 were recently observed deep underwater where new crust emerges in the so-called ring of fire which circles the earth like the seams on a baseball. We can probably safely assume that turbulence and turnover is constant enough to disregard changing only so marginally as to be inconsequential. The whole theory is wrong. The annual change follows very closely the global temperature index levels.
And it can easily flow right back out as part of the carbon cycle. Yet, some fraction does reach quasi-permanent sequestering sites over time. This can be modeled as a diffusional flow. Some portion of the CO2 will outgas according to the seasonal cycles, which is easily detected in the Mauna Loa data. However, the long term trend of increasing CO2 is not the result of ocean warming.
We would be in real trouble if it was that strong an effect. You need to really study physics and perhaps have some laboratory materials science experience to gain intuition on such matters. Like SpringyBoy and many of the other fake skeptics out there, Edim is a knee-jerk contrarian that pushes his ad-hoc views for unfathomable reasons. No ad-hoc here Webby, I just follow the observations. Your point about the change in temperature is a strawman you have repeated this one many times — the correlation is between the temperature level not change and the change in atmospheric CO2.
Can you please keep it in mind? Seasonal cycles have been going on for hundreds of thousands of years. This article explains Edim-like thinking From global warming to fluoride: Why do people deny science? A friend in the climate research field privately admits that he and most of his colleagues are afraid to stand up and speak out because of the vituperative attacks and massive smear campaigns that they would inevitably suffer—as did Michael Mann and others. He simply uses variations of FUD and the Gish Gallop to make a scene, with not a care in the world at the damage he does.
We found a range of 1C to 2C, slightly down on the 1C to 2. The ECS is actually closer to what people that live on land will experience since there is no ocean to sink the excess heat , and this has a range of 2 to 4. So the ECS range is now 2C to 3. The far larger bait and switch is from alarmism based upon land surface temperature to ocean heat content below meters.
At least surface temperature was where we live and breathe and grow crops so that made some sense to worry about. Global warming alarmists have become like unto the Keystone Cops only less well organized. Like sundry other isms, Climatism is a triumph of belief over evidence, of righteousness over reason.
Nor do CO2-producing humans at the top of the pyramid. I disagree. It could be that Myles Allen is a believer in averages. Since he got castigated for emphasizing the high end when talking to the media, now he is low-balling the numbers, figuring that will balance out his predictive powers. With climatists, abandonment of the scientific method is an a priori assumption so all results should be seen as expressions of ideological dogma. In , Myles Allen fanned the flames of alarmism, and now he is unhappy with the conflagration.
I thought I smelled bacon frying. It was neurons in your cerebral cortex being called out of retirement and burning off the fat that had accumulated around them since the last time they were used. With socialists, at the heart of their dogma is the fear of free individuals engaged in the business of living. What better way of controlling the individual exercise of free will than to require a license to use energy.
Requiring a license to drive, fish, and work. There are more occupational licenses than you can imagine. If you wanted me to drive over to your house to cut your hair, pull a tooth, stick a few pins in your sorry butt, and de-worm your flea bag mutt, I would need the following licenses:. Interestingly, it took far less time to debunk than the Piltdown Man hoax, which took 50 years to debunk and another 50 years to learn who all were in on the hoax.
It is clear that the last 2 C. It is just as clear that the next 2 C. Thank you, kim. But as a beginner I am looking for an answer like: Temperature in HadCRUT 3 or 4: 0. IPCC told us in AR4 that climate forcing from all natural plus anthropogenic components from to was 2. Since we saw CO2 increase from to close to ppmv, but this would add less than 0. Estimates of potentially alarming AGW should start today, not some arbitrarily picked date in our past. At current warming rates, it may be 2 C on average, 4 C in the northern continents, and even up to 8 C in the Arctic, so it sounds more harmless than it is, and that is for just a doubling to ppm, which may occur as soon as Get your numbers straight, Jim.
I always wonder why Manacker has to lie in every sentence he writes. Personally I only want to understand the physics and systems aspects so that I can make reasoned decisions. If we reach PPM, that would be a doubling. This is another Manacker rhetorical misinformation tactic. Consider this: A point of parole is not to commit future crimes. When Manacker commits another crime, he will plead to the judge that the crime he just committed was no longer in the future.
Manacker is much like a Slick Willie. The sad part of this is that natural languages are ambiguous, and the rhetorical criminal can double back and argue whatever he wants about the words he has written. Because of that, I work out the physics and science and I can tell you based on the observational evidence that what Jim D states is correct. So Manacker, I suggest you argue over that fact instead of making up stuff. Well I wonder why Dr. Are you deciding what your policy will be when you run for president of Minnesota? What decisions could a non-descript principal engineer at BAE, one of ten thousand such employees at BAE, possibly have to make about global warming that has any measureable import whatsoever?
I seem to recall you blogging here recently from a skiing trip to Switzerland. Those types of decisions possibly? Please elaborate. Pardon me for asking, Dr. Non sequitur is your middle name, Dr. Past warming has already occurred, and there is no evidence that it has hurt us one iota.
One could even argue that we are marginally better off with the climate we have today than we were back in with the climate we had then. So when we are talking about the negative effect of AGW, we have to start with today. Some estimates tell us that future warming could start off being beneficial on average for the next 2C or so; after this, the estimates tell us that the net effect could be more detrimental than beneficial. Nobody really knows, of course.
This includes you, Webby — you do not have a clue whether future warming will be mostly beneficial for humanity or up to which point this is likely to be so before the net impact is most likely to be detrimental. In addition, the author underestimates the potential of nuclear. Studies have shown that nuclear can compete economically with coal today in most locations without any carbon tax.
Myles Allen: why we’re wasting billions on global warming
Nuclear fuel unlike coal is in almost inexhaustible supply, especially if one considers existing fast breeder technology using thorium, which also solves the spent fuel problem. Shale gas as a replacement for coal is also a clean solution, which reduces the CO2 emission considerably. In addition, the cost per tenth of a degree theoretically averted by is several trillions of dollars.
However, if CCS can be done in such a fashion that it results in the generation of biomass as a fuel source, then there is added value. The data shows that temperature and sea level is well regulated and not following CO2 as it increases. The only thing that is following CO2 is that green things are growing better while using less water. We should make expensive decisions about our future based on actual data and not on model output that has showed no skill for two decades.
Year after year, they say, well, we were wrong again, but someday we will be right. When I meet someone, I try to talk about climate and I tell them that when the oceans are warm and wet, it snows like crazy and that puts the upper bound on earth temperature. I tell them that CO2 is a trace gas and it is a greenhouse gas and it very likely does have a trace influence. I tell them, Water, in all of its states is abundant and Water, in all of its states is what regulates the temperature of Earth.
Water and Ice Melts and Freezes at the same temperature. Arctic Sea Ice melts and it snows like crazy. Arctic Sea Ice freezes and the Snowfall stops. It really is this simple. Most people I tell this to, do understand this. Just one question, did it snow like crazy on Greenland this past year after the record low ice extent?
Carbon dioxide is removed from the carbon cycle by coral and shell-fish. So hire more coral and shell-fish; much safer than trying to pump gas phase carbon dioxide underground. Plus, shellfish are good to eat. That way we have more food and sequester carbon at the same time — viola! The benthic communities that come to inhabit such constructions could be periodically collected and dumped to the sea-floor.
At the bottom of an anoxic ocean trench. Both organic carbon and calcium carbonate would be sequestered. Why mitigate when it is much cheaper to adapt? Why mitigate when the science is so uncertain that we could well be heading into global cooling not warming. Why mitigate when we need major warming to prevent the next glaciation? Why sequester carbon dioxide when it provides such critically needed agricultural benefits? Panicked politicians make poor decisions. Those panicking the politicians do it for religious motivations or riding the gravy train and cause serious harm to society.
Enable poverty stricken nations to rapidly develop for the well being of their citizens. Restore politics to sound stewardship. Rather than playing the boring game of picking out those nits you disagree about, you might try focusing on the parts that you can agree with. Some may find those nits, I find them adult, Amazon rainforest size cockroaches.
You want to see a welcome reception from skeptics? Show a consensus scientist who comes out and says, wait, I was wrong, we do not know enough to say we need to decarbonize the economy or enact other massive regulations of the economy to reduce carbon emissions. It seems to me someone around here did something very much like that, and was praised by skeptics and vilified by the consensus.
Where precisely do you think Exxon or BP will find sufficient carbon dioxide to offset the amount of fossil fuel they extract? And how much will it cost? What about the land? The equipment? This is a tax dressed up as something else. Who decides? Where will it be sequestered? What about safety standards, and prevention of re-emissions?
Did you read the article? Now, that is some rather fresh thinking for a man who believes in AGW. So, try an again and prove that you are not stupid. Re read what he wrote and try to find those points where you agree with what he said. Any idiot can find the differences. All commenting on the web is about finding where the other guy is wrong. Instead, look for points where you are surprised by the agreement. What does that mean? Is that a dissent from CAGW? Ever heard of reframing? You are a pompous pedant. I take a personal insult form you as a badge of honor. The ground truth about you is that you are a vain, dogmatic progressive who sometimes is incapable of engaging in adult conversation.
Have a good Memorial Day, I will. Get aholt of urself. I really have to stop commenting and playing poker at the same time. This means the costs passed on to the consumer will start very small. Will they get larger? Probably not. Wherever they like, out of a number of options. Each of which can be developed by anybody with capital. With a good expectation of a market. And as the amount required ramps up, the industry to supply it has already had time and incentive to ramp up ahead of it.
What about it? If there is a regulation, there can be a penalty for not complying. This has to be large enough that complying is much cheaper, but it could also be a source of revenue from those that fail to comply. If sticks rather than carrots work for this type of mitigation, that would seem to be his choice. Estimates are measurements.
And you are a libertarian. I determine their political views by their affinity for government control of the economy. When I first started following the climate debate, I would indeed have thought you were a libertarian. But your ever more strident defense of the consensus, and derisive attacks on skeptics do you know any other kind , convince me you have done a Keith Kloor, and returned to the bosom of your tribe. And besides, libertarians are progressives anyway on social policy at least, and usually on foreign policy as well.
Funny thing is that government control of the economy is in the constitution, and has been for over years whether or not you are conservative, liberal, independant, libertarian, progressive, communist, or socialist. Funny thing is the commerce clause only applied to regulation of interstate and foreign commerce. There was also this thing called the contract clause, but I am sure you have never heard about that.
Not all that many. Everything they say is just specious rationalization of that position, just as everything many of the alarmists say is just specious rationalization of their base agenda of reversing the Industrial Revolution. You can welcome his change or you can kick him for taking so long to come around to your position. If you want him to come around to MORE of your positions, do you think he will be more likely or less likely to change his other positions, if you great him or kick him. Nor has it ever been in the same state space, and my, oh, my, life goes on, for billions of years.
Life goes on, with an occasional hiccup. Such as the one at the end of the Permian. Political feedback, though, from the likes of those who bought his 11C hysteria has probably been more persuasive. Give him time. Then I could be a sore winner. Another nice point, AK. The big dangers seem extraterrestrial.
Hope we have a fun Carrington. I am fattening up the calf at the moment.
As soon as one says sorry, made a mistake in calculating the effect and am very sorry to have frightened you all and compared you to Holocaust Deniers, then i will prepare supper for all and sundry. That calf may end up being a tired old saggy cow, with meat as tough and stringy as a Mississippi horse, before you get that concession from the consensus crowd. Not the least of which are those identified by our hostess:. Are we supposed to pretend that his previous silent acquiescence never existed?
At the very least , he could have pulled a reverse-Muller, so to speak! But I blame it on a bad habit I must have picked up from reading the words of far too many activist-climatologists ;-. Allen has brought to the debate with his essay. That fresh thinking, boiled down to a nutshell, is that we do not have to rush into mitigation solutions, because we have much more time than we thought before AGW could present a possible problem.
Heard that all before. The risks with CCS are inherently far greater than with nuclear power. Why would any rational person give it serious consideration? Mosher has a point. We skeptics should give due consideration to Dr. He says everyone agrees man-made CO2 will be a problem. One of his ideas is to force domestic industry to spend money on carbon sequestration. This is another big government solution to something that might not even be a problem.
He says we can force countries like China to spend money to sequester their CO2 by not buying their products. This is the most stupid idea of the lot. First off, we would probably plunge China into a depression, risking another revolution there — not in our best interest. If not that, it likely would start a global trade war, plunging the world into a recession or depression. His ideas are not good ones. Natural gas is a good idea. Nuclear is a good idea. Government intervention in the way of mandates, carbon taxes, or subsidies — not good ideas.
It seems to be another case of the CAGW alarmists scientists advocating on energy policy and economics — something they know nothing about — at lest no more than the guy standing next to them at the pub. When climate scientists advocate energy policy, which many of them seem to love to do — it discredits them, climate scientists and all scientists.
The climate scientist advocates are serious damaging the credibility of science and academia in general, IMO. Steven is right on this. Allen has shown promising signs recently. This article is the latest. He defended Lindzen against a hostile moderator at a recent debate.
He did not pile onto David Rose for his recent Mail article. However, he seems to have attacked Matt Ridley in rather personal and dishonest terms. The Guardian perhaps creates cognitive dissonance. But, we should welcome promising signs. Emily Litella was more honest. Indeed, farmers failed to maintain the bunds or deliberately destroyed them, and the bunds soon disappeared. Meanwhile, the surface of barren land on the Central Plateau expanded inexorably, and empty, encrusted fields extended across significant parts of the region. Useful tree species were lost, and little natural regeneration occurred.
As the landscape was denuded and exposed to severe water erosion, the land and the people became increasingly vulnerable to drought. The devastating agroenvironmental trends in the Sahel were also weakening the social fabric. Entire families left the region to settle elsewhere, or husbands migrated to coastal countries to earn income, leaving their families behind during increasingly long periods. By , for many farmers, the choice was simple: claim back their land from the encroaching desert or lay down their tools and leave.
The simplest and most productive means of sequestering carbon is with restoration of degraded lands and ecosystems. But there are other ways forward. The reduction of black carbon, nitrous oxide, ozone, methane and sulphide emissions. Development, education, health care, sanitation and safe water influencing population dynamics. However, goats are wealth and more goats is more wealth and more desertification. Trade them rifles for goats. The idea is to create a series of small paddocks enclosed by highly portable, usually electric, fences.
Each paddock needs to have a supply of water. Livestock are moved into the paddocks when the grass is lush, usually in fairly large numbers of animals in a small area. Then, in perhaps 12 to 48 hours, the livestock are moved out of that paddock and into a new one, while the grass in the grazed paddock recuperates for a month. Thus, intensive grazing always has livestock on the best forage. Intensively grazed grass has healthier root systems, and, as a result, the soil under it holds more water and nutrients.
Kristan and George rotate their goats through the grass paddocks every 12 to 24 hours depending on the condition of the grass. No doubt it has other merits aside from the non-problem of carbon in the atmosphere which makes it wonderful. Peace on earth would be wonderful too and about as likely to happen. Bjorn Lomborg continues to have the only possible solution that makes any sense. The only practical source of abundant clean energy is solar energy and it has to be stored in chemical form usable by current infrastructure i.
So far they are indeed being kept in check. Not happening? The reason it is happening is that it provides economic advantages to farmers and increases resilience to floods and droughts. Cheap energy is ultimately the solution — but there are other ways forward with black carbon, ozone, sulphides, nitrous oxides, methane etc. It includes as well conservation and restoration of ecosystems as well as development — education, health, safe water and sanitation — reducing population pressures.
The objective of this study was to determine if it were possible to develop a unique biological route for the production of industrially- relevant alkanes and alkenes. We have engineered in E. Rather than using fatty acyl-ACPs as substrates, the modules described here exploit the free FA pool as the primary substrate for alkane biosynthesis. This approach ensured that the hydrocarbon output of the engineered cells could be altered by rational modifications to the FA pool.
This capacity for designer alkane production was demonstrated by expression of a thioesterase from C. For those not familiar with biochemistry, this means they created a brand new pathway for synthesis of diesel. Sandy was a cat 1 at landfall. Hardly super. As I understood the proposal, users of liquid fuels e. These people are incapable of thinking it through. They simply run with the crowd because they do not have any independent thoughts. Having a degree does not justify not using your brain but that is how it works out.
Let me make it simple. There is this talk that putting more carbon dioxide into the air will warm up the world.